India nationals: GESI Expert

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

India 🇮🇳

Expertise: Gender Equality and Social Inclusion
Expertise Group: Social & Political Science

Consultant Source: National
TOR Keywords:

Objective and Purpose of the Assignment

The Indian Government’s flagship 5-year Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission – Urban (SBM-U) was launched
in 2014 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA). SBM-U aimed for all statutory towns to (i)
achieve 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) status; (ii) ensure 100% scientific Solid Waste Management
(SWM); and (iii) promote behavior change through ‘Jan Andolan’ (public movement). As a follow-on to SBM-
U, SBM 2.0 was launched in 2021 and commits to making all cities ‘Garbage Free’ by 2026. The SWM
component of SBM 2.0 focuses on establishing sustainable municipal solid waste (MSW) management systems
in 4,372 urban local bodies (ULBs). This will be achieved by creating an enabling environment, investing
in quality infrastructure and SWM systems, strengthening national and local institutions, and promoting
behavior change, awareness raising, and public participation.

SBM 2.0 will cover all statutory towns at a cost of ₹1,41,600 crores (around $17.8 billion), of which
₹39,837 ($5 billion) is dedicated to solid waste management and ₹5,610 (around $700m) to sanitation.
The government has requested an ordinary capital resources loan of $500 million from the Asian
Development Bank (ADB). The loan is proposed to be phased with $200 million result-based lending (RBL)
in 2023 and $300 million in 2025. The remaining financing for SBM 2.0 will be from the central
government’s own resources, states, ULBs, 15th Finance Commission Funds and the private sector.

Scope of Work

Equity and Inclusion are among the guiding principles for implementing components of SBM-U 2.0,
including promoting women’s participation, training, employment and leadership in sanitation and waste
management; incorporating the sanitation needs of urban poor and other vulnerable groups; integration of
sanitation workers and waste pickers into the SWM chain with better working conditions and creating
gender and disability-friendly infrastructure/ assets.

In line with its Strategy 2030 operational plan for priority 2-Accelerating progress in Gender Equality,
2019-2024, Asian Development Bank (ADB), aims to support MOHUA to integrate gender equality and social
inclusion (GESI) elements in the SBM-U 2.0 program design.

Towards this, ADB intends to engage a national GESI expert who will support GESI due diligence for the
proposed program.

Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output

Tasks will include but not be limited to:

(i) Undertake a detailed GESI analysis of the sector, with focus on specific challenges faced by
disadvantaged groups esp. urban poor, slum dwellers, sanitation workers, waste pickers, persons with
disability and with diverse SOGIESC (if any).

(ii) Based on the GESI analysis, map the gender-disaggregated division of paid and unpaid labor in the
sector and assess the problems faced by women and other vulnerable groups.

(iii) During GESI Analysis identify opportunities for inclusion of women (including women SHGs) and
other vulnerable groups in solid waste management at the household, community and institutional level.

(iv) Map the representation of women in decision-making structures and processes related to sanitation
and municipal waste management in cities. Especially chart the role of women elected representatives in
Urban local bodies (ULBs) in the same.

(v) Assess the inclusiveness in data collection systems (including for informal workers) at municipal
levels and provide inputs on ways to improve the same.

(vi) Explore the possibilities/options for gender and disability responsive designs and measurability,
in infrastructure and service delivery.

(vii) Assess feasibility of conducting GESI audit/assessment of MOHUA and to use results to shape
policies for sustaining GESI results in waste management, sanitation and ODF.

(viii) Support in preparing the program’s SPRSS, providing inputs to the gender section and other
sections with selected inputs from the social safeguard’s specialist.

(ix) Provide GESI related inputs to the RRP and linked documents including sector Assessment, project
action plan; and

(x) Other support as discussed and agreed with ADB.

Minimum Qualification Requirements

The expert will have a minimum master’s degree in gender, sociology, social sciences or a related field,
and at least 5 years’ experience working in GESI with multilateral development banks. Experience working
in solid waste management projects is essential.

Minimum General Experience: 5 Years
Minimum Specific Experience (relevant to assignment): 5 Years





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