The prevalence of extreme drought is growing in Southern Africa and is already the most deadly and costly natural disaster in Southern Africa. Estimates indicate that from 1980 to 2015, droughts have cost the region US$3.4 billion, affecting 107 million people. These events translate directly to weaker fiscal positions, leading more countries into debt distress and undermining efforts to reduce poverty and inequality.
The World Banks Southern Africa Drought Resilience Initiative (SADRI) works together with the SADC secretariat and regional, national, and local actors to strengthen the institutional groundwork for regional drought resilience investments. This involves shifting from a mostly ad-hoc drought response to a more proactive approach. SADRI supports technical assistance and analytics along three pillars: (1) Cities; 2) Energy Systems; and 3) Livelihoods and Food Security. Pillar 3 will provide technical support to two inter-linked but separate tasks in the Pafuri-Sengwe Node of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and Conservation Area. Task 1 is analytical work to fill knowledge gaps in water production, use, and governance in the Pafuri-Sengwe Node. Task 2 is technical support to identify and delineate areas that are suitable for small-scale agriculture in the Limpopo River flood plain in the Mozambican and Zimbabwean areas of the Pafuri-Sengwe Node. Task 2 will depend on some of the outputs of Task 1. The focus of this call for expressions of interest in Task 1.
The objectives of Task 1 are to:
Determine the extent of water availability in targeted groundwater aquifers, wetland, and rivers systems;
Assess current demand and usage of this water, especially among communities in the Parfuri-Sengwe Node;
Evaluate governance practices in place for managing this water; and
Identify, develop, and recommend near-term and medium-term actions for water management that leads to building community drought resilience
The scope of Task 1 is to:
Confirm the Project Area: The exact delineation of the project area needs to be agreed upon as part of a country-based stakeholder consultation process;
Desktop study to gather existing baseline information on the relevant ecological and socio-economic context, understanding of the potential impacts of climate change on livelihoods & water security, and current initiatives within the Project Area;
Through geographic information system (GIS) mapping and remote sensing, generate a map to delineate the wetland systems in the project area linked to the Limpopo, Luvuvhu, Mwenezi/Nuanetsi, and Bubye river systems. The maps should be validated through consultation with local stakeholders;
Through field work, conduct a hydro-census for the Limpopo, Luvuvhu, Mwenezi/Nuanetsi, and Bubye River systems to identify extent of water use and governance practices. Working through existing stakeholder structures and aligned with current processes, undertake a participatory stakeholder consultation process to understand current groundwater use through a hydro-census in the project area. As part of this process, information on indigenous knowledge systems should also be gathered and synthesized;
Undertake a desk review of existing governance structures in place to manage water resources in the project area. These should include water governance on a river basin, river catchment, district, and local/community level;
Propose recommendations and investment needs to achieve tangible drought resilient outcomes for the benefit of communities that are dependent on the project areas freshwater resources. Recommendations should be categorized as near, medium or long-term.
The Deliverables for Task 1 shall include:
1. Inception report detailing overall approach and methodology for the work and timeline for delivery.
2. Situational analysis report summarizing findings of desktop study.
3. Wetland systems and aquifer maps (GIS shape files & PDF format).
4. Hydro-census report.
5. Summary report (Word) and presentation (PowerPoint) incorporating the key findings from the above-listed activities and should identify recommendations and investment needs according to country. The report will be peer reviewed by the World Bank team and shared with the GLTFCA Pafuri-Sengwe Joint Park Management Committee and World Bank for endorsement.
This work is expected to commence in September 2021 and take about 7 months to complete. EOI responses should be limited to 25 pages and highlight the capacity both meet the technical requirements of the tasks listed as well as to engage effectively with local stakeholders. To this end, local presence will be especially valued in any eventual proposal. Qualification Criteria
- 1. Qualified technical experts with relevant experience based in the SADC or sub-Saharan Africa region
- 2. A demonstrable track record in designing and evaluating participatory natural resources management processes; focus on water resource management is a plus
- 3. Expertise in GIS mapping and remote sensing, particularly for water resources
- 4. Spatial and land use planning experience, and zoning
- 5. Sound knowledge of the ecological, socio-economic and institutional context of the GLTFCA project area
- 6. Experience in design, development and implementation of stakeholder participation exercises
- 7. Excellent report writing and presentation skills
- 8. Ability to communicate in both English and Portuguese
- 9. Previous experience in GLTFCA related projects and initiatives is an added advantage
- 10. Team that has at least 15 years experience appropriate to the work required. A project team representing all 3 GLTFCA partner countries will be viewed as an added advantage