Philippines nationals: National Researcher on Urban Migration and Human Displacement, Climate Change, Disasters, and Resilience

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Manila, Philippines 🇵🇭

Background

National Researcher on Urban Migration and Human Displacement,

Climate Change, Disasters, and Resilience

Leaving No Migrants and Displaced Persons Behind: Integrated Development Approaches to Migration and Displacement among the Urban Poor in Asia and the Pacific

SUMMARY

Title:Leaving No Migrants and Displaced Persons Behind: Integrated Development Approaches to Migration and Displacement among the Urban Poor in Asia and the Pacific
Position/s:National Researcher on Urban Migration and Human Displacement, Climate Change, Disasters, and Resilience
Duration:Four (4) Months/ 88 Working Days
Duty Station:Home-based, with fieldwork in the target sites i.e., informal urban settlements in two cities in Metro Manila to be confirmed
Reporting/Coordination:Climate Action Programme (CAP) Team – UNDP Country Office (CO)Recovery and Resilience-building Philippines Project Initiation Plan Team – UNDP CAP TeamMigration and Displacement Team (UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub)

BACKGROUND

The Philippines in the Context of Climate Change, Disasters, and Development

The Philippines is the third most disaster-prone country in the world, just next to Vanuatu and Tonga. With a population of over 107 million, it is the most densely populated and urbanized of all global disaster hotspots[1]. Eight of the top ten cities most at risk from natural hazards are in the Philippines, including Metro Manila being the fourth in the list[2].

Climate change and inequality interlink to create a vicious vulnerability-poverty cycle. Socio-economic inequalities are a key determinant in the disproportionate adverse effects of climate hazards on marginalized people and these impacts, in turn, create greater inequality and marginalization.

Their lack of voice and agency in disaster risk reduction management and climate change adaptation planning and implementation reinforces inequitable and unsustainable outcomes. The high volume of migrants to cities has strained housing, infrastructure, and basic services in major cities. As a result, informal settlements have proliferated: the number of informal settlers in the Philippines has increased from 4.1% of the total urban population in 2003 to 5.4% in 2012 when 2.2 million lived in informal settlements, of which 1.3 million were in Metro Manila alone.

Migration and displacement, hence, mirror complex development issues, with intertwined root causes and drivers across (migration) governance; labor and human rights; livelihoods, poverty, and inequality; urban planning and development; environmental degradation; conflict and fragility, shocks and crises; demographics, or gender-based and other forms of marginalization. These are increasingly exacerbated by climate change, blurring the lines between forced displacement and voluntary migration.

The current COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated existent development challenges, with the most marginalized communities including migrants and displaced persons especially affected. Indeed, migrants are over-represented in many service sector jobs that have suspended activities such as restaurants, hotels, and other tourism-oriented businesses. Further, intersectional dimensions have compounded the impact of the pandemic for migrant and displaced women who have had to take up more domestic and care functions, further adding to job and income losses.

Ultimately, adapting and building resilience to climate change, disasters, and hazards, and other development shocks (e.g., pandemics, economic recessions, etc.) requires addressing the root causes of inequalities through a continuum of policies, planning, and practices, which can result in transformative change and sustainable development. Inclusive resilience building in the urban space needs to focus on economic empowerment, long-term resilience, and improving the self-esteem, skills, and knowledge of marginalized groups.

About the Project

This research project is envisioned to form the critical evidence base for a UNDP Regional Human Mobility Programme involving the country offices (CO) of the Philippines, Vietnam, and Pakistan entitled “Leaving No Migrants and Displaced Persons Behind: Integrated Development Approaches to Migration and Displacement among the Urban Poor in Asia and the Pacific”. These countries have been chosen based on complex, diverse mobility patterns, rapid urbanization, and high exposure to climate events and change.

As part of the inception period through 2021, this research project aims to look at the complex relationship among urban migration and human displacement, climate change, disaster resilience, and inclusive development in targeted informal urban settlements in two Metro Manila cities that will be defined later on. Research findings shall shape the Philippine component of this regional intervention and contribute towards the outcome-level result for the program, which is “The resilience of migrants, displaced people, and host communities in informal urban settlements to shocks and crises is strengthened.” Strengthened resilience is understood as an enabler of broader development processes, and in support of this outcome, the following key resilience dimensions have been identified for prioritization namely:

  • Improved livelihoods;
  • Enhanced urban planning/development, including access to health and other key services;
  • Strengthened social cohesion; and
  • Upgraded adaption to/mitigation of disasters, climate events, and change.

While delivering these resilience dimensions, the program emphasizes cross-cutting attention to demographic characteristics (e.g., gender and age, with a focus on the youth), noting the disproportionate impacts they experience and the role they can place in the space.

[1] Alliance Development Works. (2012). World Risk Report 2012.  

[2] Verisk Maplecroft. (2015). Natural Hazards Risk Atlas 2015.

Duties and Responsibilities

Objectives of the Assignment

The purpose of this research is to support the establishment of the evidence base on the socio-economic, health, environmental, resilience, and other development challenges and needs of (a) migrants, (b) displaced individuals, and (c) marginalized host communities in selected informal urban settlements in two Metro Manila cities.

Research findings shall help inform pilot projects to be delivered within the inception period and broader resilience-building policy and programming interventions by partner local and national governments and other development partners. To achieve this, UNDP is enlisting the services of a National Researcher to conduct the research.

Scope of Work

Broad research gaps exist on urban migration and human displacement, and how these trends are affected by urbanization, climate change and disasters, and pandemics. The lack of a robust and updated body of data undermines strategic and impactful policy and programming initiatives. Some of these key gaps include the following:

  • Limited data on the experiences and challenges of migrants and displaced individuals within informal urban settlements and their ability to access livelihood and employment opportunities, health, and other key services;
  • Limited understanding of the involvement of migrants and displaced individuals in urban planning and development processes and interventions;
  • Data on the processes and experiences of migrants and displaced individuals in terms of integrating into their new communities, their overall quality of life, and broad impacts on the host communities;
  • Changes in reasons for and patterns of migration over the last 10-20 years, particularly due to climate change and disasters, and projections of future migration trends based on climate change scenarios;
  • Limited insights on the youth and women – key cohorts in internal migration patterns: focusing specifically on youth participants will uncover new information about how their particular challenges and needs, and their plans and perceptions for the future, relate to migration, climate change, disasters, and environmental degradation; and
  • Inadequate integration of granular socioeconomic data on the welfare of migrants, displaced individuals, and host communities into satellite imagine tools and instruments.

The Individual Consultant shall undertake the following tasks:

  • Work Plan: Prepare a work plan for the four-month assignment, outlining the specific stages of the research process and activities, while presenting data collection contingencies and possible literature alternatives considering COVID-19 travel restrictions.
  • Literature Review: Conduct a literature review, identifying key research gaps on urban migration and human displacement in the broad background of climate change, disasters, environmental degradation, development shocks, and resilience. The consultant may be requested to present an initial literature review to the relevant UNDP teams and partners for technical/research inputs. Perform a desk policy review of the relevant legal frameworks, policies, and regulations at the national, provincial, and municipal levels regarding human mobility and climate change, particularly migration, displacement and planned relocations as adaptation strategies to the impacts of climate change and disasters in the Philippines, focusing on the two Metro Manila cities.
  • Research Framework: Propose and finalize the overall research analytical framework (e.g., hypothesis, sampling methods, etc.) and instruments (e.g., data collection tools), ensuring their suitability to the project’s context (e.g., sampling methods shall provide a statistically accurate representation of the target informal urban settlements).
    • Given the research’s use of a mix-method approach, the consultant is expected to gather both qualitative and quantitative data.
    • Guidance on the technical parameters to define qualifying informal urban settlements shall be provided accordingly by UNDP and partners.
    • The consultant shall ensure the mainstreaming of Gender Equality, Disability, and Social Inclusion (GEDSI) and a human rights-based approach throughout the research project.
  • Data Gathering: Using the identified research framework and instruments, lead the gathering of data from the target stakeholders in informal urban settlements in the two Metro Manila cities, and other possible stakeholder groups (e.g., local leaders and champions, CSOs, etc.) to supplement data. Organize at least five focus group discussions for the following stakeholder groups: (1) women, (2) youth, (3) PWDs, (4) LGBTIQ, and (5) elderly, in target informal urban settlements in two Metro Manila cities (specific cities to be confirmed and communicated). Conduct key informant interviews with at least 20 people.
  • Data Collation and Quality Control: Perform quality control of survey questionnaires, interview transcripts, and write-ups, and analytical notes. The consultant is expected to annex synthesized data in the final inception report.
  • Multistakeholder Consultations: Participate in national consultations, workshops, and technical meetings with partner agencies and local/national governments. These engagements are envisioned to help shape the overall research trajectory, fill in possible data gaps, and identify future development interventions. Further consultations shall be conducted to validate research findings. The frequency and number of multistakeholder consultations shall depend on the work plan, the extent of data validation needs, and the availability of partners.
  • Data Analysis: Propose and conduct appropriate data analysis, and draft/finalize the report. Identify research limitations that cannot be covered in the span of the inception period and propose recommendations for future research endeavors.
  • Knowledge Sharing: Share good practices, policies, and knowledge from local and international cases and literature. Identify entry points for their possible applicability in the target sites.
  • Final Inception Report: Draft and finalize the inception report, capturing policy and programming recommendations to strengthen the target beneficiaries’ resilience dimensions (i.e., improved livelihoods; enhanced urban planning/development, including access to health and other key services; strengthened social cohesion; and upgraded adaption to/mitigation of disasters, climate events, and change).

Expected Outputs and Deliverables

The National Researcher (Individual Contractor) will be engaged to perform the assigned activities and deliver the outputs outlined in this TOR. Through the submission of a work plan, the National Researcher must describe how he/she will deliver the activities and outputs outlined in this TOR; providing detailed activities including timelines, research processes, outputs, list of stakeholders, data collection methodology appropriate to the work context, reporting condition, and quality assurance mechanism.

Deliverables/OutputsEstimated Duration to CompleteTarget Due DatesReview and/or Approvals RequiredName of the designated person who will review and accept the output
Work Plan outlining activities for the four-month assignmentFive (5) Working DaysAugust 23, 2021UNDPTeam Leader – Climate Action Programme Team
Literature Review Paper of current local and international research studies on the following:Key themes of the project namely human mobility and displacement, migration, disasters, climate change, and their areas of intersectionRelevant legal frameworks, policies, and regulations at the national, provincial, and municipal levels Research Framework and Instruments (e.g., data collection tools, survey, and interview questionnaires, etc.)Twenty-four (24) Working DaysSeptember 23, 2021UNDPTeam Leader – Climate Action Programme Team
20 Multi-stakeholder Consultations Proceedings from workshops and technical meetings with partner agencies and local/national government A Summary Paper of Collated Data Results, including survey questionnaires, interview transcripts, write-ups, and analytical notesForty (40) Working DaysNovember 18, 2021UNDPTeam Leader – Climate Action Programme Team
Final Inception Report and corresponding annexesNineteen (19) Working DaysDecember 15, 2021UNDPTeam Leader – Climate Action Programme Team
Total Working DaysEighty (88) Working Days

Institutional Arrangements

  • The RR PM from UNDP CO will supervise the consultant.
  • The activities of the consultant will be coordinated, monitored, and assessed by the UNDP CO Climate Action Programme (CAP) Team Leader, the Recovery and Resilience-building Project Manager (RR PM) from UNDP CO, and the Regional Advisor from the Recovery, Livelihoods & Human Mobility of the UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub (BRH).
  • All outputs in this TOR will be submitted to the RR PM and discussions/ presentations will be scheduled.
  • A final version of the output with implemented revisions from comments will be submitted and an acceptance letter will be issued to the consultant.
  • The consultant is required to report progress every fortnight through meetings or written reports.
  • The consultant is responsible for liaising and setting up meetings online and stakeholder consultations with national agencies (e.g., Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Council, Office of the Civil Defense, Climate Change Commission, etc.), communities, local government units, NGOs, and other identified stakeholders.
  • The UNDP CO may provide key persons to contact in these organizations to the consultant.
  • The two (2) Metro Manila cities shall be confirmed and communicated soon to the consultant.

Facilities to be provided by UNDP

  • Due to the ongoing COVID 19 pandemic and the restrictions in place for meetings and gatherings, meetings will be done using online applications.
  • The IC is expected to use its own computer and communication equipment and other resources that are required and may be needed to conduct activities in this TOR.

Duration of Work

  • It is estimated that the work shall involve a total of eighty eight (88) working days of combined effort spread over approximately four and a half (4.5) months, excluding the period for output reviews and approvals equivalent to four days per deliverable (total of 16 days).
  • The consultant may propose alternate working days only if it would not exceed 88 person-days over the four-month duration of the contract.
  • The proposed working days should be properly explained in relation to the execution of the Technical Proposal.
  • The UNDP Country Office (CO) will review and give comments on outputs for a maximum of four (4) working days after output presentation (or submission if a presentation is not necessary).

Duty Station

  • The duty station is in Metro Manila, with planned field works (e.g., data collection, survey administration, interviews) in target informal urban settlements in two Metro Manila cities (specific cities to be confirmed and communicated).
  • For accessibility and availability to allow for discussions and reporting on the progress of activities, regular online meetings shall be conducted.
  • Considering the COVID-19 pandemic and declaration of State of Public Health Emergency in the Philippines, all work and travel of the Contractors shall be done within the guidelines and protocols set by the local and national government.
  • The consultant will not be required to report to the office regularly but a status report on the outputs shall be expected monthly.

Competencies

Corporate Competencies

  • Must have strong leadership and project management skills;
  • Must have an extensive background and understanding of the Philippine DRR, recovery, and resilience, urbanization, and migration policies, programs, and activities;
  • Must be detail-oriented;
  • Has excellent analytic skills especially in understanding complex information to produce evidence-based comparisons and conclusions;
  • Excellent written and spoken English is required;
  • Demonstrates integrity by modeling the UN’s values and ethical standards;
  • Promotes the vision, mission, and strategic goals of UNDP;
  • Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality, and age sensitivity and adaptability; and
  • Treats all people fairly without favoritism.

Functional Competencies

  • Ability to work in a diverse and multi-cultural environment;
  • Self-motivated and able to work under pressure and to meet strict and competing deadlines;
  • Displays analytical judgment and demonstrated ability to handle confidential and politically sensitive issues responsibly and maturely;
  • Demonstrates openness to change and ability to manage complexities

Required Skills and Experience

Qualifications of the Successful Individual Contractor

The successful Individual Contractor should meet the following minimum qualification:

Education

  • At least a master’s degree in Disaster Management, Urban/Environmental Planning, Environmental Management, Urban/Sustainable Development, Economics, and Climate Change or other relevant fields

Experience

  • Must have at least eight (8) years of relevant experience as a researcher and/or planner working with informal settlements/communities in the areas of migration and human mobility, resilience, climate change, and DRRM.
  • Completed minimum of two (2) research and/or plans on any of the themes of this assignment

Language

  • Proficiency in English

Scope of Price and Schedule of Payments

The financial proposals from possible candidates should be expressed in lump sum amounts inclusive of all financial costs related to this engagement (i.e., professional daily fees X number of person-days, supplies & materials, reproduction, communications including internet, and health insurance).

Medical/health insurance must be purchased by the individual at his/her own expense, and upon award of contract, the consultant must be ready to submit proof of insurance valid during the contract duration.

The consultant shall complete the following deliverables within the deadline stated in the table below:

No.DeliverablesDeadlinePayment
1Upon submission and acceptance of Work Plan by UNDP:Work Plan outlining activities for the four-month assignment, including COVID-19 contingenciesTBA10%
2Upon submission and acceptance of the following:Literature Review Paper of current local and international research studies on the following:Key themes of the project namely human mobility and displacement, migration, disasters, climate change, and their areas of intersectionRelevant legal frameworks, policies, and regulations at the national, provincial, and municipal levelsResearch Framework and Instruments (e.g., data collection tools, survey, and interview questionnaires, etc.)TBA30%
3Upon submission and acceptance of the following by UNDP20 Multi-stakeholder Consultations Proceedings from workshops and technical meetings with partner agencies and local/national governmentA Summary Paper of Collated Data Results, including survey questionnaires, interview transcripts, write-ups, and analytical notesTBA30%
4Upon submission and acceptance of the Final Inception Report by UNDPFinal Inception Report and corresponding annexesTBA30%
Total100%
  • UNDP shall deliver payments to the contractors in three installments, after completion of each phase and upon acceptance of the outputs/deliverables in the ToR.
  • The agreed and final contract price is a fixed output-based price regardless of the extension of the project or changes in cost components.
  • Final acceptance and approval of the outputs by the Outcome Lead of the Climate Action Programme Team of UNDP are required for processing and releasing each payment. Four days are allotted for the review period of each deliverable (total of 16 days for the four deliverables).

Criteria for Evaluation

The Offers received will be evaluated using a combined scoring method – where qualifications and technical proposal will be weighted 70 points and combined with the price offer which will be weighted 30 points. 

The review of the technical proposal will be divided into three parts as follows: 

CriteriaAllocated Points  
Qualifications per submitted CV/ P1130
Sample work: Relevance and quality of at least two (2) final/published similar output documents/reports which will provide an idea on how the prospective consultant will package the expected outputs;20
Plan of Approach and Methodology, including timeline(shall provide a brief description of the strategies, processes, and activities to be employed by the consultant to deliver the expected outputs. It should also contain an indicative timeline to conduct/complete proposed activities and deliver outputs by the expected due dates.)20
TOTAL70

The review of CV, sample work, and plan of approach and methodology will be rated using the criteria in the table below. Only offerors who will obtain a minimum of 21 out of 30 obtainable points will be shortlisted and considered for the evaluation of their financial proposal. 

QualificationsPoints Obtainable(30 points)
EducationAt least a master’s degree in Disaster Management, Urban/Environmental Planning, Environmental Management, Urban/Sustainable Development, Economics, and Climate Change or other relevant fields(7 points for master’s degree, additional point for each additional degree or professional license, maximum of 10 points)10 points
ExperienceMust have at least eight (8) years of relevant experience as a researcher and/or planner working with informal settlements/communities in the areas of migration and human mobility, resilience, climate change, and DRRM(7 points for eight (8) years’ experience, an additional point for each additional year, maximum of 10 points)10 points
Completed a minimum of 2 projects in migration, human displacement, and/or urban development with a wide array of stakeholders working in sectoral themes of the project(7 points for two (2) completed projects, an additional point for each additional project, maximum of ten 10 points)10 points
TOTAL 30 points

Recommended Presentation of Offer

Interested applicants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications. Please group them into one (1) single PDF document as the application only allows to upload of a maximum of one document.

  1. Duly accomplished Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability using the template provided by UNDP;
  2. Personal CV or P11 (using template of UNDP), indicating work history as well as competencies related to this engagement, contact details of the proponent and at least three (3) professional references; and,
  3. Submission of at least two (2) published/written documents/reports on any (or combination) of the themes of the consultancy e.g., human migration and mobility, urban development, climate change, disaster risk reduction, etc. Provide a link to portfolio or upload actual reports;
  4. Plan of Approach and Methodology including a timeline (shall provide a brief description of the strategies, processes, and activities to be employed by the consultant to deliver the expected outputs)
  5. Financial Proposal that indicates the all-inclusive lump-sum amount commensurate to the scope of work, supported by a breakdown of costs, as per template provided. If an Offeror is employed by an organization/company/institution, and he/she expects his/her employer to charge a management fee in the process of releasing him/her to UNDP under Reimbursable Loan Agreement (RLA), the Offeror must indicate at this point and ensure that all such costs are duly incorporated in the financial proposal submitted to UNDP. Medical/health insurance must be purchased by the individual at his/her own expense, and upon award of contract, the consultant must be ready to submit proof of insurance valid during the contract duration.

Note: The above documents need to be scanned in one file and uploaded to the online application as one document.

The following templates / Annexes and IC General Terms & Conditions can be downloaded from http://gofile.me/6xdJm/bE9TCw8fU:

  • General Terms and Conditions for Individual Contract
  • Letter of Confirmation of Interest and Availability
  • P-11 form

Offerors must upload in one (1) file the aforementioned documents.

Templates for a) P11 Personal History Form and b)  Offeror’s Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability and Financial Proposal (Annex 2) are available through the link below. UNDP General Terms and Conditions for Individual Contractors  are also available: http://gofile.me/6xdJm/bE9TCw8fU

Incomplete submission of required documents may result in disqualification.

Please see the deadline of submissions above.

In view of the volume of applications, UNDP receives, only shortlisted offerors will be notified.


POSITION TYPE

ORGANIZATION TYPE

EXPERIENCE-LEVEL

DEGREE REQUIRED