Implementation of WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

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  1. Background and Justification

 UNICEF overall objective in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) is to contribute to the realisation of children rights to survival, growth, and development through support to programmes that increase equitable and sustainable use of safe drinking water and basic sanitation and promote improved hygiene. During the implementation of UNICEF Strategic Plan 2018-2021, UNICEF seeks to further improve its global WASH programme through strengthening its support to governments worldwide to meet their WASH objectives. UNICEF 15 year WASH Strategy 2016-2030 focuses on meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a focus on targets 6.1 and 6.2 (safely managed WASH), 6a and 6b (community participation and financing), and 4a (WASH facilities in schools). Among the programming approaches identified in the strategy include strengthening enabling environments, utilising evidence to promote child rights, leveraging sustainable financial resources, and building sustainable markets

In Lesotho, access to improved water facilities sits at 84% of which rural areas lag behind at 77% (DHS 2014). The prevalence of open defecation is at 30% at the national level and 38% in the rural areas. Stunting, which is directly influenced by poor sanitation and hygiene practices, remains high at 33%. Additionally, the availability of up-to-date WASH data to inform evidence-based planning, targeting, and programming remain a critical bottleneck.

One of the tools utilised by UNICEF to analyse the environment is a WASH Bottleneck Analysis Tool (BAT). It involves a wide range of stakeholders, and it essentially facilitates a detailed assessment and analysis of the current performance of the WASH sector regarding policy, strategy, regulations, financing, institutional set-up, coordination, monitoring, review and learning, and capacity development. Once the assessment is one, ways of solving the current sector problems are discussed amongst stakeholders and consensus reached around activities, priorities, sequencing, costs and additional budget needs, and responsibilities. The tool can be used to monitor the implementation of activities, and assess their impact once completed.

Despite progress in enabling environment interventions, such as the review of the Lesotho Water and Sanitation Policy, coordination bottlenecks remain. UNICEF, under the leadership of the Ministry of Water, will support further coordination of the WASH sector by conducting a WASH bottleneck analysis using the WASH BAT tool to improve coordination, planning, and implementation, within the sector.


The purpose of the assignment is to support the Ministry of Water to undertake a WASH bottleneck analysis. The contracted expert on the matter will be expected to perform a minimum of the following tasks:

  • Develop a workplan outlining the WASH BAT objectives, outcome areas, activities, responsibilities, timelines and resource requirements.
  • Set the agenda for the training and implementation workshops, compiling documents and evidence, and preparing presentational materials.
  • Provide in-person training and facilitation of workshops.
  • Provide advice on the post-workshop activities and required expert support
  • Final Bottleneck Analysis Report, with a summary PowerPoint presentation, and a summary of key findings.

The consultant is to follow the methodology stipulated in the UNICEF WASH Bottleneck Analysis (WASHBAT) Country Implementation Guide, including the use of the WASHBAT tool. The guideline and tool are available on




Stakeholders Workshop Report


Final Bottleneck Analysis Report, with a summary PowerPoint presentation and summary of key findings





The consultant will be supervised by UNICEF Lesotho Chief of Health and HIV. 


The expert should have the following qualifications and experience;

  • Advanced degree (Masters or PhD) in science, engineering or social science.
  • A minimum of fifteen years of professional experience gained with Government, NGOs or international organisations working in the development sector, with at least 5 years in WASH and considerable time spent working in developing countries.
  • Demonstrated substantial policy experience, development of training and advocacy material, preparation of reports, organising and facilitating learning events, and managing networks and partnerships.
  • Experience in research and analysis of development programmes, reviewing and summarising both quantitative and qualitative information.
  • Excellent communication, presentation and writing skills.
  • Experience in preparing and delivering workshops
  • Highly proficient in use of English, both written and spoken.
  • Familiarity with UNICEF mission, mandate and WASH programme is desirable.

Conditions of service to be agreed to by the service provider; the beneficiary (Ministry of Health) and in line with UNICEF set Standard Terms and Conditions.

  1. The contractor will work on its own computer(s) and use its own office resources and materials in the execution of this assignment. The contractor fee shall be inclusive of all office administrative costs and travel costs.
  2. Please also see UNICEF Standard Terms and Conditions attached.

How to apply:

Qualified candidates are requested to complete an application including profile to the respective advertisement on Please indicate your ability, availability and financial proposal/quote to complete the terms of reference above. Rates must include all expenses related to the assignment (including administration and logistics).

Applications submitted without a fee/ rate will not be considered.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.


Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.