Moldova’s water deficit threatens the long-term sustainability of the agriculture sector. Agriculture is the mainstay of the national economy, contributing approximately 14.5% to the country’s total gross domestic product (GDP) and employing less than a third (28%) of the country’s population, half of which are women. Agro-food exports account for roughly 50% of the country’s total exports. Approximately 70% of the population from rural areas depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. According to General Agricultural Census conducted in 2011, there are a total of 902 214 agricultural holdings in the Republic of Moldova. Approx. 2/3 of the agricultural land is cultivated by large agricultural farms which hold more than 100 ha of land, while 35% by households and small farms with less than 10 ha. The agriculture of Moldova is mostly rain-fed, providing for production of perennial crops across the country such as maize, wheat, sunflower, barley, vineyards and fruits.
Without appropriate adaptation interventions, it is likely that a large proportion of the rural population will remain extremely vulnerable to the interacting effects of climate change. Within this context, UNDP is intending to develop a project proposal contributing to implementation of adaptation interventions in the agricultural sector by promoting water storage options and development and repairs to the irrigation infrastructure, while at the same time contributing to capacity building in the area of water governance and strengthening of the relevant legal frameworks.
In this sense the objective of the project would be to increase resilience and adaptive capacities of farming communities to climate variability and extreme events through holistic management of scares surface and groundwater resources.
International Consultant to Develop an Adaptation Fund (AF) Proposal on Improved rural resilience through sustainable water management and small-scale water reservoirs
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Chisinau, , MD