WASH in Schools (WinS) Consultant (Re-Advertisement)

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Job Number: 495788 | Vacancy Link
Location: Timor-Leste
Work Type : Consultancy

If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world’s leading children’s rights organization would like to hear from you.

For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.


Timor-Leste is the second youngest nation in the world. Since its independence in 2002, Timor-Leste has made significant progress in reduing the under-five (U5MR) and infant mortality rates (IMR)[1]. The primary school enrolment rate, increased from 64.4 per cent in 2005 to 87.9 per cent in 2015[2]. Good progress was made in access to improved water sources by closing the gaps with Millennium Development Goal (72 per cent against MDG target of 78 per cent). However, despite of some good progress in last 3 – 4 years, the country missed the MDG target on sanitation with a considerable gap (41 per cent access against the MDG target of 60 percent)[3]. Likewise, only 59.9 percent of basic education schools (grades 1-9) have water connection available and 70.2 percent have toilets and only 34.3 per cent of the schools have functioning latrines with water available[4]. There is also a considerable disparity between rural and urban areas in terms of WASH services in both communities and institutions.

With the adaptation Child-friendly (CFS) – Eskola Foun in local language – package, Timor-Leste has embarked on a mission to enhance the teaching and learning environment. WASH in schools (WinS) is a component of National Quality Standard for Child-friendly School (NQSSF) interventions. In addition of improving teaching learning, it aims to provide access to safe and child-friendly water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities along with hygiene education in schools in order to improve health, boost education achievement, and promote gender equity. Reliable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facility in school is the first step towards ensuring a healthy physical learning environment in schools. The global evidence suggests that as much as 40% of diarrheal diseases among school children linked to poor sanitation and hygiene condition in schools[5].

In addressing these challenges, UNICEF is working with the Ministry of Education in improving the policy and guidelines at the national level and their application at the sub-national and school levels. In this regards, UNICEF supported CFS package development and its adaptation. The CFS package aims to reach all basic schools, cycle 1, 2 & 3 (Ensino Basica cycle 1, 2 & 3) or grade 1 – 9. In 2014, UNICEF supported drafting the NQSSF. More specific to WASH, UNICEF also supported MoE in developing WinS guidelines in 2013-2014. Both these important manuscript waiting the final approval of the government from appropriate level. UNICEF and WASH partners like Plan international are already supporting MoE in the application of core principals of Draft WinS guidelines.

The Draft WinS guidelines capture the global norms, standards and practices and the development inspiration of Timorese Government by grouping the WASH in school standards in three progressive categories: 1. Essential Short-term Standards; 2. Minimum Standards to meet CFS requirements and 3. Recommended or National Standards. More details are provided in the table in Annex 1.

The Strategic Development Plan (SDP) 2011 – 2030 outlines a vision where all schools in Timor-Leste will have access to water and sanitation by 2020. The Ministry of Education (MoE) has set an ambitious target of making all schools child-friendly meeting nationally defined CFS standards. These commitments need an action plan that clearly spells out the scope of the work, timeframe, human and financial resource requirements and the gaps. There is also a need to take a pragmatic approach on progressive development. Schools without any basic WASH facilities needs to be targeted first to ensure that children and teachers in these schools are not deprived of the essential short-term standards as defined in the draft guidelines. Likewise the second priority would go to upgrade those school that meet essential short-term standards to the minimum standards. Once all schools have met the minimum standards then they should be gradually upgraded to national standards. In addition, there is a felt need for system alignment and strengthening to address the ongoing maintenance and management of school infrastructures, especially WinS.

In order to address these issues, there is a need for the development of a WinS Costed Action Plan with clearly defined scope of the work, expected outputs (with baselines, targets and time-line), required inputs, and resource availability and gaps.


[1] U5MR from 83/1,000 in 2004 to 64/1,000 in 2010 and IMR from 60/1,000 to 44/1,000 in the same period: DHS 2004 and 2010

[2] MOE EMIS 2015 (Population projection was used. To be calculated by MOE based on actual population 2015 from Census 2015)

[3] WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Report on Progress in Water and Sanitation – 2015 Progress on MDG

[4] Ministry of Education, Education Management Information System, 2012 and 2013.

[5] Facts of WASH in School – UNICEF’s Joint Call to Action 2010

Purpose of the Assignment

The purpose of this assignment is to develop a WinS Costed Action Plan (WCAP) 2016-2020 in order to provide strategic guidance to MoE and other development partners in planning, implementing and managing WASH facilities covering the needs of all Ensino Basica Cycle 1, 2 ,& 3 (Grade 1- 9) in Timor-Leste. Thus the WCAP will focus on conducting a through Bottleneck Analysis (BA) to identify the determinants (root causes) of the problem and the associated solutions in increasing the coverage and sustaining the WinS facilities (including the provision and continuation of hygiene promotion activities and effective management and maintenance of physical facilities) meeting the essential short term and the minimum standards defined in the draft MoE guidelines in an incremental manner. 

 Assignment Tasks

  1. Conduct a desk review of the available sources of information and data, develop an inception report including the outline of the costed WinS action plan. Share the outline with the partners in a day long workshop and obtain their feedback;
  2. Conduct the field verification surveys to assess WinS situation in schools without and with WASH facilities (at least 30 schools from 6 districts to be assessed);
  3. Facilitate a WinS Bottleneck Analysis (BA) workshop involving key partners and document the findings;
  4. Using the BA and other database and information (including meeting and interview with key informants) and develop scope of the plan (targets, strategies, unit costs, etc.);
  5. Develop resource plan (financial and human) to achieve the national target of 100% access to essential /short term and minimum WinS standards by 2020. Identify both capital and recurrent needs.
  6. Develop a capacity map and identify resource gap to meet the national target of 2020;
  7. Outline the strategies to meet the capacity gap;
  8. Share the draft report with inter-agency technical team;
  9. Present the summary report (key findings, key strategies and key action points /recommendations) to key stakeholders; Incorporating feedbacks /comments, finalize the data table and narrative and submit Final Report, ‘A WinS Costed Action Plan Timor-Leste’


The Wins Costed Action Plan will cover about 1,300 primary and pre-secondary schools (cycle 1, 2 & 3). The action plan will be developed by combining different methodologies in collecting information and data from the following different agencies and departments to be able to establish the baseline and capture the scope of work:

  • Ministry of Education (Basic Education Directorate, Human Resource Department, Infrastructure Unit, EMIS Unit and Public School Health Department (PSHD));
  • District (known as municipality since July 2014) offices (education, health and water and sanitation and district administration);
  • Visit to about 30 sample schools from Aileu, Ainaro, Ermera, Viqueque, Oecusse and Covalima districts);
  • Ministry of Health (Health Promotion Department);
  • Ministry of Public Works Transportation and Communication (MoPWTCom), Directorate of Water Supply Services and Directorate of Basic Sanitation;
  • INGOs working in the sector – Asia Foundation, ChildFund, Care International, Plan International, SHARE, WaterAid and World Vision.
  • UN Agencies: UNESCO, UNICEF, UNFPA, UN Women, WHO and World Bank;
  • Key donors: Department of Australian Foreign Aid and Trade (DFTA), EU and New Zealand;

The following methodology is expected to be used to gather information / data to guide the development of WinS Costed Action Plan (2015- 2020):

  1. Desk review of the available source of information:

 The consultant will carry out the desk review of the different database and reports, especially the information from MoE Stock take report 2012, MoE Statistical year book 2013 and MoE EMIS database 2013 to establish the scope of the work; i.e. number of schools without access to water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. In order to do this the consultant will work closely with MoE EMIS Unit together with other relevant departments and agencies of MoE. The evaluation and studies supported by UNICEF in WASH and Education sectors (e.g. WASH Evaluation) will be also available to review by the consultant.

  2. Initial workshop with key partners:

 Consultant will share the key findings of the desk review including the need for a thorough Bottleneck Analysis of school WinS situation in Timor Leste through workshop with key partners. A draft outline of the Action Plan and the estimated timeframe will also be presented by the consultant in this meeting.

  3. Inception report:

 Consultant will submit an inception report highlighting the methodology of Wins CAP development process, methodologies and other related outcomes of the document.

  4. Information on cost of WASH facilities and their management:

 Consultant will work together with UNICEF WASH and Education team, Basic Education Directorate and PSHD and IFU of MoE and HPD of MoH to identify the type designs and associated cost and human resource requirement for the different standards of WASH facilities (essential short-term and minimum). Key informants from INGOs and other agencies will also be contacted to strengthen information database. Information will be also collected from relevant partners and stakeholders in the area of hygiene promotion and needs of routine management and maintenance of WASH facilities in schools.

 Consultant will also look at what is available from elsewhere, other country / international experience – through the WASH in Schools network etc., particularly in the area of hygiene promotion including introduction of ministerial hygiene and management and operation and maintenance of the facilities.

  5. Bottleneck Analysis (BA) of the Wins situation in Timor Leste:

 Organize a two day workshop to conduct a thorough BA of the WinS situation in Timor Leste. The BA will identify the key barriers and bottlenecks of WinS sector and the related solutions. The BA will be the main basis for developing the WinS Action Plan in a participatory and consultative manner.

  6. Primary source of information:

 To collect qualitative information on the condition of existing WASH facilities, consultant will visit at least 30 schools (5 each in Aileu, Ainaro, Covalima, Ermera, Oecusse and Viqueque municipalities) to get the firsthand information about the condition of schools WASH facilities (schools with WASH facilities and without) and their management aspects so that consultant develops good idea on the scope of work and can make a good estimation on rehabilitation or new construction needs, aspects of existing school hygiene and sanitation management practices to meet the standard for different stages as stipulated in the draft guidelines (especially essential short-term and minimum national standard).

 The consultant will apply a set of standard questionnaire /check list and focus group discussion guide with teachers, parent teachers association and school children (girls and boys) in selected schools to collect necessary quantitative and qualitative information so that consistency can be achieved. Consultant will be provided with a national officer (or a national consultant) to support the work in the field such as interview with teachers and focus group discussion. The consultant will highlight the extent of this need in his /her inception report to be presented after completion of above mentioned activity number three.

  7. Interview with key informants:

 To collect qualitative information on the capacity (human, financial and management) of the different departments of MoE, MoPWTCom and MoH associated with WinS at national and sub-national level, the consultant will organize an interview with key informants (especially with the officials from MoE, MoH and MoPWTCom) and NGOs working in the sector at national and sub-national level.

  8. Share the first draft in the technical group meeting /workshop:

Consultant will present the first draft of the action plan in a workshop participated by technical staff from different partner agencies including INGOs and donors to obtain feedbacks and inputs from experts and players with knowledge and experience in the sector.

  9. Share the summary of final document:

 Before submitting final document to UNICEF/MoE, consultant will present the summary of the document highlighting the opportunities and gaps to the key partners (MoE, MoH, MoPWTCom and donor representatives) in a meeting in UNICEF Office. Incorporating comments and feedback from the participants, consultant will finalize the document and submit to MoE through UNICEF.

Expected Deliverables

  1. Inception report with final outline of the Wins CAP – by 15 August 2016;
  2. BA Document on WinS by 5 Sep 2016;
  3. Draft Wins Costed Action Plan – by 5 October 2016.
  4. Summary of key findings and strategies – slide presentation – by 13 October 2016;
  5. Final version of Wins Costed Action Plan – by 30 November 2016.

Qualifications of Successful Candidate

  • At least 8 years of experience in the sector especially in WASH, Health or Education;
  • At least 3-4 years at a senior level working in the areas of strategic planning for facility development and planning, programme management and policy and strategy development;
  • Master degree in Civil or Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Public Health, Social Science or any other related field.
  • Experience in developing Costed Action Plan, Strategies or Guidelines, preferably for WinS.
  • Familiar with the current development, research, best practices and global trend in the area of WASH (or WinS);
  • Working experience with UN, INGOs and Government in research & strategy development;
  • Knowledge and understanding of WASH facility design, construction and school or community level management would be an asset;
  • Working experience in Timor-Leste or in the region is desired.
  • Excellent communication and report writing skills in English language
  • Experience of communicating using interpreter is desirable.

Interested applicants are to include the following documents in their submission:

  • Letter of Interest containing the statement on candidate’s experience in the field of recruitment
  • Technical proposal
  • Financial proposal. The financial proposal shall specify a total lump sum amount breaking down a daily professional fee and international travel expenses (from the country of origin to Dili and back in case not resident in Timor-Leste), visa and other travel related costs.
  • Samples of deliverables written by the applicant (study, strategic paper, report, etc).
  • CV/P-11 form ( UN Personal History Form)

 Applicants who previously applied no need to re-apply.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

Opening Date 21 Jul 2016 Korea Standard Time
Closing Date 27 Jul 2016 Korea Standard Time