A rapid increase in economic activity, population growth and successive influxes of refugees over the last decade have imposed huge stresses on Jordan’s urban areas and fragile water and energy resources. Sitting at the crossroads of two major areas of instability and prolonged conflicts, Jordan was originally a prime destination for several waves of forced migrants from Palestine – the majority of whom were granted Jordanian citizenship – and, more recently, from Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. With the conflict in Syria entering its fifth year, Jordan is now hosting 1.4 million Syrians, of whom 646,700 are refugees. Approximately 85% of these refugees, 550,000 in total, are living in non-camp settings in urban and rural areas. The highest concentrations are in northern and central Jordan, including the capital city, Amman, with the largest proportion (28%). Providing for the needs of Syrian refugees has impacted heavily on the Greater Amman Municipality’s public finances, increasing expenditures on subsidies and public services, and further degrading the built environment. For example, beyond targeted programmes (via direct budget assistance) to assist refugees and vulnerable households in host communities, the Jordanian Government estimates that, in 2015, it will incur additional subsidies on food, gas, water and electricity for refugees amounting to US$ 418 million and accelerated infrastructure depreciation totaling US$ 244 million (Jordan Response Plan – JRP – for the Syrian Crisis, United Nations and Government of Jordan, 2015).
At a city level, the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) developed the Amman Master Plan (AMP) in 2010, which provides an overall vision for the growth of the city until 2025 with a clear overarching focus on climate-resilient development, the creation of green jobs, and a strive for resource efficiency in all aspects of municipal planning and investments. The AMP is reflective of a city and a country with limited indigenous energy and water resources and one that is heavily dependent on imports of energy to meet growing demand, expected to double by 2020. Jordan imports 96% of its oil and gas – accounting for almost 20% of the country’s GDP – which makes the country completely reliant on, and vulnerable to, the global energy market. Meanwhile the Kingdom is ranked third among the 18 countries in the world considered to be at risk of water insecurity. Municipal water use (including in the GAM) is currently met primarily using groundwater sources. In most urban sites in Jordan, water is supplied on an intermittent, rationed basis that requires household storage in cisterns and/or roof tanks. The JRP further notes that “Delivery frequency is insufficient and has worsened as a result of the increased demand and households have to supplement their supply by purchasing water. The influx of Syrian refugees has also increased pressure on already limited sewage and communal waste systems, which only cover 62% of the Jordanian population.”
Meanwhile Jordan’s National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), endorsed in 2013, sets a national energy efficiency (EE) target of a 20% reduction across all sectors by 2020 and proposes concrete measures in cities to guide Jordan towards achieving this target. The investment needed to reach this target is estimated at approximately US$ 152 million. On a positive note, Jordan now ranks second after Tunisia in the region in creating a favourable environment for energy efficiency investments, and Jordan’s initial accomplishments in the energy sector during the past two years include implementation of a subsidy removal plan and increase in tariffs; adoption of its first national energy efficiency action plan; and formulation of minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for household appliances (the last achievement was due in large part to the GEF-funded Energy Efficiency Standards and Labelling in Jordan Project – UNDP PIMS # 3735).
A new UNDP-GEF Project Identification Form “A systemic approach to sustainable urbanization and resource efficiency in Greater Amman Municipality (GAM)” has been approved to assist GAM to systematically decarbonize its urban architecture, meet the NEEAP energy efficiency targets, conserve water and help authorities cope with the additional financial obligations and income losses resulting from providing energy services to the GAM’s refugee influx from the Syria crisis. The proposed project objective is to “assist the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) improve the quality of life for its citizens and comply with the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) via support for more sustainable resource-efficient urban planning and targeted low-carbon interventions in the municipal buildings and street lighting sub-sectors.”
The proposed project will assist the GAM achieve a more climate-resilient and low-carbon pathway via customized, targeted interventions and policy reforms in the municipal buildings and street lighting sectors, as well as provide more general support for the application of low-carbon planning and performance tools building off the existing Amman Master Plan and informed by the types of common tools promoted by GEFSEC under the Sustainable Cities IAP. Jordan’s building sector has been identified as having the second-largest potential for energy efficiency (EE) interventions in the country after the transport sector, accounting for approximately 35% of total final energy consumption, and as such is the main focus of this project.
This project includes four interrelated components linked by a spatial focus on the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) that taken together are designed to help stakeholders in the GAM comply with the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) while operationalizing the low-carbon principles contained in the Amman Master Plan (AMP) into a bonafide city-wide climate action plan. The four components are as follows:
Component 1: Urban sustainability planning tools and benchmarks
Component 2: Strengthened GAM enabling framework for low-carbon buildings and street lighting
Component 3: Performance-based GHG monitoring frameworks for low-carbon building and streetlights
Component 4: Targeted proof-of-concept mitigation interventions
Duties and Responsibilities
A Project Preparation Grant (PPG) has been approved by the GEF Secretariat to prepare a Full-Sized Project Document for submission. The process will equally take into consideration the comments received from the GEF Secretariat in the final PIF review sheet and those of all other relevant stakeholder for the project. The documentation to be produced must contain explicit explanations on how those comments were addressed in project design.
The PPG will allow for the recruitment of 2 local consultants and 1 international consultant to work on the Request for CEO endorsement and a complete UNDP Project Document (PRODOC) using the appropriate templates, including required letters of co-financing and all relevant annexes. These documents will be prepared under the guidance of the relevant UNDP/GEF Regional Technical Advisor and the UNDP Jordan’s Environment and Energy Team, working in close collaboration with key government officials, donors, NGOs, CBOs, and the private sector.
The PPG phase is expected to be completed within a period of 12 months. The Request for GEF CEO Endorsement and the UNDP Project Document (together with all annexes and supporting documentation) will therefore be submitted and approved no later than 30 July 2017. Therefore the key deliverables for submission are expected to be ready by March 2017. It is very important to respect the deadline, which takes into account the period for internal UNDP clearances and government validation before final submission to GEF.
The initiation plan will focus on undertaking studies to develop a detailed situational analysis as well as performance indicators for a full sized project. This will be done through wide and inclusive consultations so that the stakeholder’s views and concerns are addressed. The initiation plan will be in line with the outputs and activities outlined in the PIF. The final output of the initiation plan will be a UNDP-GEF project document and GEF CEO Endorsement template ready for submission to UNDP and the GEF. The main project preparatory activities for the PPG phase are outlined below.
Project preparation activities:
Component A: Technical review and the baseline studies
The following specific data collection and analytical tasks are expected to be performed during the PPG phase:
Component B: Institutional arrangements, monitoring and evaluation
The outputs of Component A will be used as technical input to Component B for the formulation of the UNDP-GEF project document.
Component C: Financial planning and co-financing investments
Component D: Finalization and Validation workshop
A validation workshop will gather representatives from all relevant stakeholders to present, discuss and validate the final draft project document.
To finalize the documentation, the team of consultants, led by the international consultant, needs to take into account comments and feedback received from the following stakeholders
Component D should see the complete documentation package being formally approved by the GEF Secretariat.
In approximately 10 weeks of total work throughout the duration of the PPG process (various tasks are expected to be done concurrently), the overall purpose of the consultancy is the preparation of a UNDP/GEF compliant medium-sized project submission. The International Lead Expert for the Preparation of the Project Document is expected to:
Serve as team leader for other PPG consultant(s) and be responsible for the timely drafting of the required documents for submission to the GEF strictly adhering to the deadlines agreed to and ensuring quality control.
More specifically, the consultant will produce, with support from the national consultants, the following documents:
– Finalized UNDP Project Document with all annexes
– Finalized GEF Request for CEO Endorsement
– Finalized GEF CCM Tracking Tool
– Finalized ESSP (Environmental and Social Screening Procedures
– All co-financing letters including official endorsement letter from GEF Operational Focal Point.
Key project drafting tasks will be accomplished under the guidance and technical clearance of the UNDP/GEF regional service center (particularly the UNDP/GEF regional technical advisor for Energy, Infrastructure, Technology and Transport) and the UNDP Jordan Country Office, working in close collaboration with key government officials, donors, NGOs and the private sector. An early draft of the required submission documents will be submitted to the UNDP Country Office and UNDP/GEF technical staff at a date agreed at the inception workshop.
Required Skills and Experience
Interested individual consultants or consulting companies should possess the relevant experience in design and implementation of resource efficient (energy and water) technologies in urban contexts as well as the ability to collect verify and analyze energy information and market data; analyze and calculate GHG emission reductions; and prepare detailed donor-compliant documents and templates. The minimum key expertise of the consultant shall cover the following:
Documents to be included when submitting the proposals
Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications:
(i) Explaining why they are the most suitable for the work
(ii) Provide a brief methodology on how they will approach and conduct the work.
2. Financial proposal
3. Personal CV including past experience in similar projects and at least 3 references
Lump sum contracts
The financial proposal shall specify a total lump sum amount including fees, travel cost (2 round tickets for Amman), DSA for 2 missions (for 2 calendar weeks (each missions) in Amman), while local transportations (local travel means inside Jordan) will be covered by the UNDP. Payments are based upon output, i.e. upon delivery of the services specified in the TOR. In order to assist the requesting unit in the comparison of financial proposals, the financial proposal will include a breakdown of this lump sum amount.
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodologies:
When using this weighted scoring method, the award of the contract should be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
a) responsive/compliant/acceptable, and
b) Having received the highest score out of a pre-determined set of weighted technical and financial criteria specific to the solicitation.
* Technical Criteria weight; 70%
* Financial Criteria weight; 30%
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 50 point would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.
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Fund code: 62000