Somalia’s environment was severely degraded during the decades long civil strife due to the absence of governance and enforcement. In the absence of an effective government, many traditional forms of natural resource management and enforcement mechanisms have been abandoned or are currently ignored.? Unsustainable exploitation and loss of natural resources and biodiversity is prevalent. Huge areas that were once tree-covered rangelands have been reduced to treeless plains; the result has been disappearing wildlife and soil erosion. Scarcity of fresh water, severe erosion such as gullying, land degradation for charcoal production and siltation of water bodies are also major issues. The adverse impacts of climate change have also exacerbated the rate of environmental degradation in Somalia.
Environmental degradation and mismanagement of natural resources are severely jeopardizing Somalia´s economy. Approximately 70% of Somalis are dependent on climate-sensitive agriculture and pastoralism. As floods and droughts become more severe and frequent in Somalia, there is a need to find approaches that can reduce the sensitivity of farmers and pastoralists to increasing rainfall variability. With natural resource degradation also rampant throughout Somalia, most notably for the production of charcoal, Somalia is becoming increasingly vulnerable to conflicts over scarce resources. Climate change and resource scarcity are aggravated by the absence of policies and regulatory frameworks on environmental management, land-use and disaster risk management that incorporate impacts of climate change and build resilience across Somalia to better cope with these impacts. At local levels, communities lack the financial, technical and informational resources needed to build their resilience to climate change as well as the knowledge of how to prepare for extreme weather impacts.
To address these issues, Global Environment Facility-Least Developed Countries Climate Fund (GEF-LDCF) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is financing a national project on “Enhancing Climate Resilience of Vulnerable Communities and Ecosystems in Somalia”. The main objective of the Project is to enhance resilience and improve adaptive capacity of vulnerable Somali communities in pilot areas, and the ecosystems on which they depend, to the adverse impacts of climate change. This objective is to be realised by working on set of activities under two main components:
Component 1: Enhancing policies, institutional frameworks and government capacities with focus on review, revision, development and adoption of policies, plans and tools to mainstream and enhance adaptive capacity and mitigate the risks of climate change on vulnerable communities and critical ecosystems.
Component 2: Piloting Ecosystem Based Adaptation strategies with focus on development and implementation of models of community and ecosystem resilience in pilot areas in collaboration with the government and community stakeholders.
The scope of the current assignment is to develop National Environment Policy, environmental management bill and finalize the Climate Change Policy for Somalia, taking into account the sectoral vulnerabilities, gender dimensions of climate change, impacts and costs for adaptation. As such, this assignment falls under Component 1 of the Project. The national environment policy and the subsequent environmental management act are aimed at addressing the pressing environmental challenges by improving the coordination and integration on the implementation of environment related policies, legislation, and sectoral strategies and plans so as to promote conservation, protection and sustainable management of the country’s environment in line with National Development Plan (NDP)
The National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) will guide the selection of prioritised adaptation options and fund mobilization to upscale adaptation interventions and find parallel financing for mitigation in the future. The policy will also recommend actions for capacity development, technology transfer and mobilizing global financing to meet various policy recommendations. A wide range stakeholder consultations have already been undertaken for the development of NCCP. The consultant will write the policy based on the stakeholder consultation reports and Finance Chapter for the National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCP) which is has been drafted.
Duties and Responsibilities
The consultant will draft the National Environment Policy, National Environmental management bill and finalize National Climate Change Policy that is cognizant of the context and challenges in Somalia. The National Environment policy will include but not be limited to situation analysis, goal objectives and guiding principles, sustainable management and use of natural resources, environmental stewardship, environmental and health, environmental governance, Research, Education and M&E and implementation strategy. The national climate change policy will also entail sections on situation analysis, climate impacts, vulnerability assessment, vision and principles underpinning the policy, adaptation interventions, institutional framework, cross-cutting themes, implementation framework, financing plan, and monitoring plan.?? Specific tasks as grouped under components would include:
a) National Environment Policy
b) Finalizing National Climate Change policy
c) Draft National Environmental Management bill – in consultation with the Committee for Natural Resources and Environment of the Federal parliament of Somali
The senior Environmental specialist will report to the following:
NB: The draft Policy documents will be articulated in line with GEF/LDCF/UNDP procedures. The draft Policy documents will be reviewed by the Regional Technical Advisor for quality assurance. A validation workshop will be organised under the auspices of the National Committee on Environment and natural resources for Somalia chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister for environment to present, discuss and endorse the final draft of the National Environment and Climate Change as well as the Environment Management Act.
The Senior Environmental specialist/consultant will be responsible to plan and complete the tasks under the four components leading to the final endorsement of the final National Environment Policy, National Climate Change Policy and Environment Management Bill. The Senior Environmental specialist/consultant will need to have following expertise:
Language requirements: Strong written and spoken English/Somali language skills
Required Skills and Experience
The Senior Environmental specialist/consultant should have post graduate degree in environment, climate change, natural resources management (land, water, forestry, biodiversity etc.), social sciences, rural development, economic development or engineering.
Somalia nationals: Senior Environmental Specialist
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Mogadishu, Somalia 🇸🇴