Haiti’s extreme vulnerability to climate change induced risks has been well documented. Since the year 2000, ten cyclonic floods have occurred in different parts of Haiti, killing 155 people and affecting 277,498. Out of these ten, three floods affected the region around Trois Rivieres. In the same period, 16 non-cyclonic floods have occurred in Haiti, killing 2725 people, and affecting 88,466. While all regions in Haiti are susceptible to climate-induced flooding, the Trois Rivières watershed (spread throughout three regions- Artibonite, North and North-West) in Haiti has been identified as having a particularly high-risk of climate-induced flooding according to four different studies and assessments. Trois Rivières as also been identified as the primary “high priority” watershed vulnerable to flooding in Haiti.
In June 2016, the government of Haiti has requested UNDP to assist in the formulation of a Green Climate Fund (GCF) proposal for financing. Two preparation missions were conducted by a UNDP team of consultants to Haiti to work on a draft Concept Note and a draft prefeasibility study that would allow the Government of Haiti to access funding for a full proposal to the amount of 38.2 million USD.
The Government of Haiti has specifically requested the selection of the Trois Rivieres watershed as the project target site. Therefore, this project has been designed with the objective to reduce impacts of climate-induced flooding in the Trois Rivières catchment through integrated flood management approach, that combines physical interventions for flood control, focusing on run-off water including erosion control measures and agroforestry interventions upstream of key flooded areas, that will build resilience to climate-induced flooding with enhancement of governance and capacity building interventions that serve as key elements in maintaining the long-term sustainability and effectiveness of the proposed project interventions.
In conjunction with Government co-financing leveraged for this project, GCF resources will be used to address several key technical, capacity and information-based barriers that hinder effective integrated water resources management in the context of climate change risks. The project is a strategic instrument to implement the Haitian NAPA, PSDH and NDC
This project uses an integrated flood management approach that has the objective of protecting ecosystems, infrastructure and the health and well-being of communities in the Trois Rivieres watershed from climate-induced flood risks, while also building their resilience to anticipated impacts through capacity building and governance enhancement, as key elements in maintaining the long-term sustainability and effectiveness of the proposed project. This two-fold approach is demonstrated through the following project outputs:
- Output 1: Flood proofed infrastructure and soil conservation measures to reduce impacts of extreme weather events in the Trois Rivières watershed.
- Output 2: Development of a flood management governance framework and capacity building of local actors for climate change resilience.
UNDP is therefore mobilizing a team of 5 international consultants (Feasibility Study expert, Environmental and Social Safeguards and Gender Expert, Environmental Economist, Climate Change Modeling Expert and a Proposal Formulation specialist) with the support of a national consultant to support UNDP to prepare the full proposal in time for submission.