Mapping of Key Shared Natural Resources in the Cross Border Areas of Kenya, Somalia & Ethiopia (Mandera Triangle) via ReliefWeb


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Terms of Reference for the Mapping of Key Shared Natural Resources in the Cross Border Areas of Kenya, Somalia & Ethiopia (Mandera Triangle)

1. Assignment Summary

Job title

Consultancy to Map key shared natural resources in the Cross border areas of Kenya , Somalia and Ethiopia


Cross border areas of Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia (Mandera County Kenya, Gedo Region –Somalia and Dollow Ado district Ethiopia)

Reporting to

Program Coordinator – Urban Youth Program


9th April – 30th April 2018

Start date

April 2018


Building Opportunities For Resilience in the Horn Of Africa (BORESHA)

2. Background

The lives of men, women and children in Gedo, Somalia, Mandera county, Kenya, and Dollow Ado, Ethiopia (commonly referred to as the Mandera triangle) are affected by the compound threats of instability, climate shocks, demographic pressure, environmental degradation, and socio-economic marginalization. These challenges have led to a situation, both chronic and acute, of depleted resources (natural and otherwise), narrow livelihood opportunities, widespread poverty and cycles of violence, including extremist violence. A multi-agency vulnerability assessment led by CARE in November 2016 reflects the high levels of on-going poverty, marginalization, and now household stress now exacerbated by the La Nina drought; food insecurity, malnutrition, risk of disease outbreaks, along with livestock deaths and limited returns from agriculture. All of these exacerbate the problems of migration and displacement. These areas are, as a result, amongst the most economically stagnant and insecure in the region. Recent changes in each area (including the impact of devolution in Kenya, increased interest in the potential of extractive industries and other large-scale investment, as well as the export of violent extremism from Somalia) have made these borderlands central to regional stability and limiting irregular migration and displacement.

EUTF-commissioned ‘Cross-border analysis and mapping’ study conducted in 2016 indicated that, the Mandera Triangle already has a highly integrated and interdependent cross-border economy, with local populations moving across borders to access markets but also to reach livestock pastures and social services, including livestock markets, schools, health services. Yet, despite resource-sharing by cross-border communities, there are currently no formal mechanisms for the management of these, and it is a recommendation of the study that opportunities of building interventions on a cross-border approach should be explored. These opportunities include factors such as decentralisation; commercial opportunities, e.g. in the livestock sector, but also in diversified sectors; the homogeneity of societies across borders, which carries the potential for powerful social capital and the basis for trade; more innovative use of agricultural land and other natural resources; and renewable energy, such as solar and wind power. For the detailed TOR find it on:

How to apply:

All applications should include the following;

  • Cover letter (maximum 1 page) and updated CV’s
  • Technical proposal: Which should include (i) brief explanation about the Consultants with particular emphasis on previous experience in this kind of work; (ii) profile of the Consultant to be involved in undertaking the study (iii) Understanding of the TOR and the task to be accomplished, (iv) draft work plan
  • Financial Proposal: Which should include consultancy fees but excluding: accommodation and living costs; transport cost; stationeries, and supplies needed for data collection; costs related to other persons that will take part from CARE partners and government authorities during assignment and workshops.

NB: Only Applicants who has the required qualification and expertise should apply

Applications documents should be submitted on or before 6th April 2018 and via email to: [email protected] quoting Consultancy to Map key shared natural resources in the Cross border areas of Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia’** on the subject.