The Ministry of Energy and Water is seeking to engage an experienced international Policy / Legal Adviser to support the Project Director heading the project management office (PMO) responsible for implementing the ADBfunded Projects. The expert will be engaged to advice DM – Water and guide the technical Team office with the MEW as bellow:
Challenges of the Water Sector in Afghanistan
Fallowing three decades (before the Bone conference) political unrest and civil war, Afghanistan faces many different environmental problems; mainly water is a serious problem nationwide. Because of Afghanistan’s innate landlocked country, virtually all-major Afghanistan’s rivers drain off into riparian neighboring countries. According to the UNEP post-conflict environment Assessment, report on Afghanistan, where as the country as a whole uses less than one-third of its water potential 75000 million cubic meters. Due to water scarcity, damaged water infrastructure systems during long time civil war in urban and rural areas water is a major and important problem. Meanwhile Afghanistan’s water potentials are an equal distributed. Afghanistan will not reach its energy, irrigation (agriculture) or urban and rural development goals, without substantial improvement in the development and management of Afghanistan’s water resources. These goals are have crucial relation to the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS, 2008-2013). Because of drought in recent years (1999-2003) in Afghanistan degraded widespread natural resources: lowered water tables, dried up wetlands, eroded land, depleted
wildlife populations and denuded forests. Excessive extraction of water for agriculture proposes combined with long-term drought has led to drastic declines in water resources and absolutely Afghanistan’s Environment is under the great pressures.