The Kololi coastal zone is confronted with a range of “creeping” environmental issues, such as coastal erosion, changes in coastal sediment dynamics and morphology and a decline in the functioning of protective ecosystems (e.g. mangroves). Coastal dynamic modelling, using bathymetry, wave climate data from 2000 to 2009 (Bijl, 2011) concluded that the cause of the high erosion rate at Kololi Beach is driven by multiple processes. The combination of a large amount of shell fractions in the sediment, sand deficit due to sand mining and the effect of sea level rise all exert a high influence on sediment transport. There is a natural trend in erosion along the coast of The Gambia, caused by alongshore gradients in the longshore transport and the effect of sea level rise. A changing reef bathymetry and changing wave climate have compounded the erosive processes. It is expected that sea level rise projected for the Gambia will likely amplify the adverse impacts that are already being felt. The Kololi stretch, which extends between Kololi Point and Bald Cape along the coastline, constitutes one of the important tourism cluster area in the Tourism Development Area (TDA). It has a high economic value as it contains major hotels, including 2 five stars and 2 four star hotels. In addition to the hotels, the area has a high concentration of tourism related businesses, including restaurants, beach bars and hair dressing salons. There is also the Bijilo Forest Park, which is important for both tourism and conservation, located on the cliffs to the northwest of Bijilo. Led by the National Environment Agency (NEA) under the purview of the Ministry of Environment, Climate Change & Natural Resources (MECCNAR) with UNDP serving as the GCF Accredited Entity, an adaptation project “Enhancing Resilience of Kololi stretch economic infrastructure and social assets against sea level rise” has been proposed for possible funding by the GCF. The Proposed Project supports the Government of The Gambia (GoTG) in strengthening the resilience to sea-level rise and associated impacts of climate change of Gambia’s most important coastal socio-economic development assets, notably the tourism infrastructure of the Kololi coastline and the Tanji Bridge. The Project promotes a paradigm shift towards a climate resilient coastal development through its integrated and holistic approach to managing climate risks for coastal areas for approximately 59,140 vulnerable people in the Kololi stretch and surrounding communities of Serrekunda (including 35,000 women) through two (2) inter-linked.
- Output: Natural coastal defence systems strengthened to reduce the exposure of coastal communities and key infrastructure to climate risks.
- Output: Strengthening the policy and institutional framework for the implementation of an integrated coastal zones management in Gambia.
Duties and Responsibilities
UNDP is seeking the service of an expert consultant to provide technical support to ensure the quality of completed SESP reports and ESMF for proposed projects. This will include review and recommendations on drafts, support to capacity development of staff and a compilation of lessons learned.
The objectives of the Social and Environment standards are to:
- Strengthen the social and environmental outcomes of the GCF project document/programme;
- Avoid adverse impacts to people and the environment;
- Minimize, mitigate, and manage adverse impacts where avoidance is not possible;
- Strengthen UNDP and partner capacities for managing social and environmental risks;
- Ensure full and effective stakeholder engagement, including through a mechanism to respond to complaints from project-affected people.
Reporting and Coordination Line
- The consultant will need to work closely with the UNDP CO and other team members of the project formulation team, government counterparts and RTA including the SESP unit at the RSC/(BPPS).
Institutional Arrangements / Reporting Relationships
- The consultant will work under the guidance of the UNDP CO head of climate change adaptation programme, regional technical advisor, project development consultant and in close coordination with the UNDP country team. The consultant will seek approval/acceptance of outputs from the UNDP Social and Environmental Standards Policy Specialist of the Development Impact Group (DIG) within the Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS).
Required Skills & Experience
Desirable criteria include:
Language and other skills: