Signatories to the UNFCCC acknowledge under Article 7 of the Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, agreed that “adaptation action should follow a country driven, gender- responsive, participatory, and fully transparent approach (UNFCCC, 2015) The UNFCCC LDC Expert Group (2012) highlighted specific benefits of addressing gender issues in adaptation planning in the context of the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process. These included: (i) equal participation activities; (ii) adaptation decisions and efforts do not exacerbate gender inequalities; (iii) overall, adaptation efforts are more effective and community resilience is strengthened.
While the need for a gender-responsive national adaptation process is recognized and the benefits clear, gaps exist in addressing gender in adaptation planning and programming. Key barriers to gender integration include a lack of gender capacity on the part of staff, a lack of funding to support gender integration, and socio-cultural constraints. Governments face difficulties addressing gender in their climate change policies, and institutional and political context in which these are designed and implemented. Challenges include addressing gender at different administrative levels, unclear gender terminology and stereotypes, and insufficient consideration to gender structural constraints in policy, etc.
Under the NAP-GSP and NAP-Ag programmes, country teams are testing different methods for ensuring that the gender issues specific to agriculture are on the agenda of adaptation planning. This consultancy supports the development of materials and tools that support capacity strengthening of planners, policy-makers, programming partners, and other stakeholders who focus on adaptation planning, including in the agriculture sector. It supports countries’ commitments, such as through INDCs and the Paris Agreement, to mainstream gender in adaptation as well as related requests for capacity development support.