Two years after conflict escalated in Yemen, the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the country has reached a milestone with millions of lives in acute need for life saving assistance. The country is facing one of the largest humanitarian emergencies in the world. The ongoing military campaign has destroyed the economy and moved an already weak and impoverished country towards social, economic, and institutional collapse.
Half of Yemen’s population lacks clean water, sanitation and hygiene services, thereby increasing the risk of infectious diseases. There are acute shortages of critical drugs and medical equipment. Health facilities in Yemen like all public sector services, have received irregular financial support to cover operational costs and staff salaries. The conflict continues to claim children’s lives and their futures. Data shows that the number of children killed in conflict increased by 70 per cent, and nearly twice as many children were injured and recruited into the fighting since March 2016 compared to the same period the previous year.
As of Sep 2017, the Task Force on Population Movement (TFPM) has identified, over 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) (335,671 households) who have been displaced due to conflict since March 2015, dispersed across 21 governorates in Yemen. For the same period, the TFPM has identified 956,076 returnees (159,346 households), across 20 governorates. 10.3% of the total population of Yemen has experienced the shock of displacement due to conflict in the last 30 months.
INTERSOS is implementing a multi-sector project: The proposed project will aim to coordinate and integrate multi sector humanitarian response within Ibb and Taizz governorates, Central Yemen by enhancing and complimenting the existing OFDA funded action, ‘Emergency protection and WASH assistance for conflict affected populations in Dhi Al-Sufal and Al-Sayani districts, Ibb governorate’ whilst targeting specific gaps and needs highlighted within this on-going project with the ever-changing context within the region.
Working with host communities, marginalized populations and IDP’s within collective shelters, INTERSOS will offer a complimentary programming, creating direct linkages with the community through integrated case management and outreach in the areas of Gender Based Violence, through Women’s centres, Child protection through Child and Adolescent Spaces and specific outreach and technical support in Nutrition focussing specifically on issues of monitoring and management of Acute and Moderate Malnutrition. INTERSOS will also respond to the needs of population through WASH programming providing targeted communities with both Soft and Hard services including rehabilitation of drinking water supply and outreach through hygiene promotion.
From September 2017 onwards we witnessed a declining trend, however cholera is not yet over in Yemen. The epidemic is present in 96% of Yemen’s governorates and in 305 districts out of 333 districts. More than 849,585 suspected cholera cases and over 2,171 associated deaths have been reported since April 27th, 2017. Children under the age of 18 represent 57 % of all the suspected cholera cases. The overall case fatality rate is 0.26%. Laboratory testing continue to confirm cases of cholera.
For WASH sector INTERSOS will have 2 track approach:
- Cholera response: focus on DTC and ORCs looking into risk mitigation working (safe water, improved sanitation and increased hygiene) – Yarim, Kafr,Maqbana and Shamayteen (Ibb and Taiz) in tandem with other emergency funding for health services at ORC and DTCs in these locations.
- Shelter conditions: INTERSOS will focus on the WASH conditions at collective shelter, secure safe water access and storage (drinking points), improved sanitation conditions (latrines and washing points) and public waste collection.
- The WASH expert must ensure that the project meets minimum standards, in a cost effective and timely manner to the benefit of conflict affected communities in Ibb and Taiz.