The project “Addressing urgent coastal adaptation needs and capacity gaps in Angola” is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) / Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), with a total duration of 4 years. The Executing Agency for the project is The Ministry of Environment of Angola (MINAMB). United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Development Program are the Implementing Agencies for the project, and as such accountable to the GEF for the effective and efficient use of funds.
Angola’s coastline is home to over 50% of the country’s population, where the combination of rapid population growth and inadequate urban planning has resulted in diverse socio-economic and environmental challenges. Such challenges include inadequate access to water and electricity, poor sanitation, and exposure to natural disasters such as flooding. Approximately two thirds of coastal Angolan communities are reliant on livelihoods such as agriculture and fishing for subsistence and employment. The livelihoods of these communities are therefore underpinned by the goods and services generated by functional, intact ecosystems. Despite this important contribution of Angola’s ecosystems to household income and national GDP, inappropriate management practices and sustained overexploitation has resulted in the widespread degradation of Angola’s coastal ecosystems. Impoverished households that are reliant on natural resource-based livelihoods are consequently becoming increasingly vulnerable to the negative effects of ecosystem degradation.
i) increased variability in rainfall and temperature; ii) increased frequency and severity of droughts and floods; and iii) rising sea-level and increased frequency of storm surges, which results in increased beach erosion. Consequently, climate change will result in multiple negative effects on the livelihoods and health of coastal households in Angola. For example, coastal infrastructure and households will be damaged by increased frequency and severity of floods, storm surges and beach erosion. Additionally, increases in temperature and flooding events will increase the incidence of water-and vector-borne diseases of both humans and livestock. Agricultural production will decrease as a result of drought, thereby exacerbating food insecurity amongst local communities in these coastal regions. Several economically important sectors – including fisheries, agriculture, water, energy and tourism – are also vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change.
The problem that the project seeks to address is that national and local government and coastal communities have limited technical and institutional capacity to adapt to these negative effects of climate change. This is because of: i) insufficient scientific and technical capacity for planning adaptation in coastal zone areas; ii) limited demonstration of, and availability of technical capacity to implement, sustainable coastal adaptation interventions; and iii) poor institutional coordination and capacity for adaptation to climate change.
The preferred solution to the problem is to enhance national and community-level capacity to adapt to climate change along the coast of Angola by: i) building institutional, scientific and technical capacity to analyse climate change risks and to plan coastal adaptation interventions; and ii) demonstrating innovative approaches to climate change adaptation in coastal areas. This will include measures such as Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA), climate-resilient land management and EWS, economic analysis of adaptation options and mainstreaming of adaptation into national policies and plans.
The objective of the project is to reduce vulnerability to climate change of national government and coastal communities along the coast of Angola. To accomplish this objective, the project will be integrated by the following components:
- UNEP Component 1: Enhanced scientific and technical capacity (sectoral Vulnerability Assessments (VA), Early Warning Systems (EWS)
- UNEP Component 2: EBA demonstrations (wetland, mangrove restoration)
- UNDP Component 3: Enhanced institutional coordination (inter-ministerial)
- UNDP Component 4: Improved awareness (to non-gov stakeholders)
Scope of Work
The Chief Technical Adviser (CTA) will provide technical guidance and support to the implementation of the project, working in close collaboration with the Director of Climate Change at the Ministry of Environment, the Project Manager (PM) and the UNEP Task Manager (TM) while ensuring coordination of the project components under UNDP implementation (3 & 4). He/She will be responsible of integrating all components when assisting the project in planning the implementation of project activities, reporting and developing documents related to all components of the project.