Uganda, is a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol (and its amendment) and the Paris Agreement. Consequently, Uganda is obliged to fulfil the commitments under the respective articles of the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. Noting that Uganda’s priority is to reduce the vulnerability of its population, environment and economy by implementing adaptation actions, there is need to formulate strategies, plans and actions on adaptation based on the National Climate Change Policy (2015) and the Nationally Determined Contributions (2016).
In 2014, the Climate Change Department (CCD) of the Ministry of Water and Environment embarked on the national adaptation plan (NAP) process for Uganda. The NAP process established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework enables countries to formulate and implement NAPs as a means of identifying and addressing medium- and long-term adaptation needs. Uganda has undertaken efforts to advance the NAP process and these include; developing a road map of Uganda’s NAP process and formulating the NAP for Agricultural sector with support from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Uganda is most at risk of climate change mainly due to the fact that her current development gains are hugely dependent on natural resources and yet such resources are highly vulnerable to impacts of climate change. The 2015 economic assessment of the impacts of climate change in Uganda indicates that without proper adjustments in adaptation efforts, climate change is likely to increase overall losses for food crops by 2050 to approx. USD1.5 billion and between USD3.2 billion to USD5.6 billion within a decade for the agriculture, water, infrastructure and energy sectors alone.
The above mentioned fact accentuates the need for a process to enhance adaptive capacity, foster climate resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change while contributing to sustainable development. Furthermore, the existing adaptation interventions skewed to coping measures have limited the likelihood for attainment of resilient communities due to the dynamic and evolving adaptation needs and limited financial and technical support. Therefore ensuring fundamental integration of adaptation into key national policy, planning and budgeting processes is mandatory.
The overall objective of the assignment is to develop the national adaptation framework for Uganda, with a view of guiding the formulation of sector national adaptation plans addressing medium and long-term adaptation needs.
The specific objectives of the assignment are:
- Identify and assess gaps in existing information on; climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and enabling environment for NAP process and recommend needs (capacity and institutional) for undertaking the NAP process;
- Identify, review and appraise (using multi-criteria analysis) adaptation options/interventions (sector and multi-level) and develop a strategy for communication NAPs;
- Develop a monitoring, evaluation and review plan for the framework with a fully costed investment strategy.