“UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.”
UNDP Indonesia’s mission is to be an agent for change in the human and social development of Indonesia. We aim to be a bridge between Indonesia and all donors as well as a trusted partner to all stakeholders. We work in four key areas of development: Governance Reforms, Pro-Poor Policy Reforms, Conflict Prevention and Recovery, and Environment Management, with the overarching aim of reducing poverty in Indonesia. Besides the four priority areas, UNDP Indonesia is also engaged in a variety of crosscutting initiatives focused on HIV/AIDS, gender equality, and information and technology for development.”
During the past five years Indonesia’s economy has grown at an average rate of 5.8%. Stable growth and rising incomes have lifted millions of people out of poverty and propelled Indonesia into the ranks of middle-income countries. The poverty ratio dropped from 17.8% in 2006 to 11.3% in 2014. However, economic growth in recent years has also come at the expense of widespread environmental degradation. A recent study using satellite imagery suggests that Indonesia’s rate of deforestation increased by an average of 47,600 hectares per year between 2002 and 2012, which is the highest rate of deforestation in the world. Deforestation has contributed to increasing greenhouse gas emissions (Indonesia has become the world’s third largest emitter) and loss of biodiversity. Indonesia also has the highest number of mammal species under threat of any country in the world.
Environmental degradation has incalculable long-term economic impacts, and exacerbates inequality by threatening the livelihoods of poor and marginalized communities that derive incomes from local ecosystems. Analysis of the factors behind illegal logging, unsustainable forest and watershed management, unregulated and unreported fishing highlight several challenges that need to be addressed: (a) economic incentives that encourage over exploitation of natural resources; (b) uncontrolled and illegal issuance of permits and concessions; (c) weak capacity in spatial planning; (d) lack of civil society oversight; (e) corruption, (f) overlapping institutional mandates, and (g) weak enforcement capacities.
Ecosystems are being pushed to their limit. Human demands imply that key ecosystems are now increasingly approaching their carrying capacity to the extent that abrupt changes which may be prohibitively costly or simply impossible to reverse can no longer be ruled out. Increasing demand for food, energy, human habitat, transportation, and others has created direct pressures on the Indonesia environment. While the new national medium term plan reflects a number of environmental targets the policy agenda to translate these objectives needs further articulation. UNDP recognizes that past successes in institutional building and policy advocacy at the national level have been made possible by UNDP’s work at the local level. UNDP’s pilot programmes provide an important evidence base for national policy advocacy work.
Given the centrality of natural resources to Indonesia’s economy, and the fact that millions of Indonesia’s poor depend on fragile ecosystems for their livelihoods, the new administration’s policy choices will have far-reaching impacts on equitable growth and sustainable human development. Indonesia’s new administration has already signaled that growth must be accompanied by stronger environmental management. Indonesia must urgently move toward more sustainable development pathways. The costs of environmental degradation and biodiversity loss must be included as part of GDP calculations. The country must also find ways to stimulate resource efficiency in the economy, in particular through technology and innovation. More efficient use of water resources, better conservation of terrestrial and marine resources and protection of biodiversity will be needed.
To address above-mentioned problems, UNDP established partnership with the Government of Indonesia through development of sound biodiversity management programme and mobilize resources to implement the programme. Referring to UNDP’s monitoring and evaluation guidelines, it is important to ensure that reporting arrangements and requirements are in place and are being implemented in a timely manner. Monitoring, as well as evaluation, provides opportunities at regular predetermined points to validate the logic of a programme, relevancy of activities with project outputs/targets and to make adjustment as needed.
The M&R Officer will be under direct supervision of Programme Manager of NRM Cluster. The incumbent will work closely with relevant National Project Managers (NPMs) of on-going projects. He/she will be responsible and accountable for the overall monitoring and evaluation of the project implementation, based on the project log frame, and project monitoring and evaluation plan. It will include monitoring of project results, development of donor report and other relevant reports, and communicating project results and best practices. S/he will contribute to the effective implementation of the evaluation policy, ensures that minimum monitoring and evaluation requirements for projects are met, and participates in the conduct of thematic and crosscutting evaluations. S/he will be responsible to ensure that project evaluations are carried out according to schedules and that findings and recommendations are implemented and followed up.