International Consultant (Baseline and End-line Assessments for Water Safety Planning Pilot)

Accra, Ghana 🇬🇭

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For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on WASH places more emphasis on the quality of drinking water. The indicator for Goal 6.1, on universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all, seeks to measure the “Population using safely managed drinking water services.”


In line with efforts in Ghana, UNICEF and WHO have provided support for the training of key WASH sector institutions at the national and sub-national levels on Water Safety Planning as a means of facilitating the roll out of the approach. Following these training activities, it is proposed to implement the approach on a pilot scale (in about 20 rural communities with piped-water schemes) under the GOG-UNICEF WASH Programme, with support from the Netherlands Government (DGIS). This is intended to generate evidence of the efficacy of WSPs, as well as, important lessons for its scale-up in the Ghana context.


 Purpose of the Assignment

The purpose of the consultancy is to conduct assessments on selected water systems under the WSP pilot to ascertain the outcome of the initiative, mainly in terms of the microbial water quality, but also in terms of other perceivable benefits.


Primarily, this is aimed at assessing and putting together positive evidence for the scaling up of Water Safety Planning in Ghana, and synthesising the lessons for putting in place an effective system for scaling up.  As already noted, this would provide an important basis for system strengthening at the country level for the scaling up of the WSP approach in the rural sub-sector under the GoG-UNICEF WASH Programme (2018 -2022).

Given that the assignment will cover the initial 5- 6 months of WSP demonstration, it will have the following specific objectives:


 Assessing improvements in terms of microbial water quality in the pilot communities as compared to baseline levels.

  • Assessing relative improvements in terms of microbial water quality in the pilot communities as compared to other not-participating communities.
  • Assessing other apparent benefits arising from the WSP pilot in the 10 communities including infrastructural, sanitation and hygiene and service management improvements.
  • Identifying important regulatory and technical support systems that would enhance the effectiveness of Water Safety Planning in the rural water sub-sector in Ghana.

Assignment Tasks

The specific tasks under the assignment include the following:

 Review of the framework for the implementation of Water Safety Planning in Ghana – frameworks, tools and guidance document (particularly, in relation to the specific pilot exercise)[1].

  • Conduct a baseline water quality assessment to establish representative initial drinking water quality (microbial) in the pilot communities, as well as, control communities.
  • Conduct an end-line water quality assessment as basis for assessing the outcomes of the WSP implementation, in comparison to the baseline situation and the situation in the control communities.
  • The consultant would be required to identify and outline relevant, feasible and cost-effective approaches to successfully carry out the assignment with significant rigour. In that respect, the consultant would be required to submit a two (2) page methodology as part of his/ her application (ref. Section of Evaluation Criteria below), which will be further developed and refined during the inception phase.


The assignment will compare the gains made during the initial stages of implementation of the WSP pilots with the pre-pilot situation, as well as, the situation in non-pilot communities. It is envisaged that this assessment would be built upon by longer term, more comprehensive assessments. In that respect, the consultant would be expected to identify factors, such as seasonal effects, that may have significantly influenced the outcomes of the assessment and make recommendations on how these could be accounted for. 

In that regard, the scope of the assessment will be limited to field assessments and comparative analysis based on microbial water quality in the ten (10) pilot communities (average of 2 per focus region), as well as, five (5) control communities (1 per focus region). These would be carried out as baseline and end-line studies at the beginning and end of the assignment, respectively and would include source level, as well as, household level water quality measurements. It is not envisaged, however, that these will be large scale (statistical) assessments i.e. up to 30 household samples respectively for both the pilot and control communities and a single sample per selected community water standpost (maximum of 4 standposts) should be adequate  sample guide will be discussed later with candidate). These would also be complemented by the results of sanitary surveys


The assignment would also include the consultations with:

Key actors within the participating communities; and

  • Key actors regulatory and technical support institutions at the district, regional and national levels.

This would facilitate the identification of important lessons for the system strengthening for scaling up.

These consultations should include, but would not be limited to district management personnel, district level WASH actors, Community Water and Sanitation Agency (regional and national), Environmental Health and Sanitation Departments (regional and national) and the Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources (MSWR).

Towards the identification of lessons for system strengthening, the assignment would also include a limited review of existing guidelines, tools and frameworks from WSP implementation, monitoring and regulation


  • This assignment is focused on responding to the following key questions:


    • Does the WSP approach have potential to facilitate the achievement of safely managed water supply services in the Ghana?


    • In that respect, does the WSP approach lead to microbial improvements in drinking water quality at source, and more importantly, at the point of use?[1]
    • Does the approach have potential to lead to actually lead to improvements in water supply service regulation, as well as, infrastructural and management improvements (to a limited extent)?

 Sustainability and Efficiency

    • What important, initial lessons can be learnt from the pilot in terms of aspects such as regulation and technical assistance to the community level for the sustainable scaling up of WSPs in the rural sub-sector.

Expected Deliverables

The consultant is required to provide an input of 3 months spread over a 6 months period (June – November 2017). This is to allow time for the piloting itself and review of the deliverables and/or any unexpected delay/event that may occur.

The consultant final output should include following:

  • Inception Report covering review of the situation based on literature and limited field studies, methodology and detailed plan for the execution of the entire work. (Two Weeks after signing contract)
  • Final Baseline Report covering the conduct and results of the baseline assessment of the pilot and control communities.  (Six Weeks after signing of contract).
  • Final End-line Report covering the conduct and results of the baseline assessment of the pilot and control communities i.e. evidence/ the situation as regards of microbial water quality improvements/ comparisons and lessons learnt for effective WSP scaling up (should also include a 15 slide (maximum) PowerPoint Presentation Summarising the Report).  (Six Months after signing of contract).


  • The consultant will work in close collaboration with UNICEF WASH team, national (MSWR) and subnational partners (CWSA) and report to the WASH Specialist (Water).


Payment will be made in four tranches based on the expected deliverables (details are stated in the TOR)


Qualifications of Successful Candidate


  • Advanced university degree in Water and Sanitation/ Civil Engineering, Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Public Health, Project management, Sociology or any WASH/ Programme/ Emergency Management related discipline.
  • Advanced academic or professional qualification in Water Quality Management, and or evidence of specific knowledge/ qualification Water Safety Planning would be a clear advantage

Years of relevant experience

  • A minimum of 10 years post qualification experience in the WASH sector, working with government at the policy/ strategy level, in assessments, the development of policies, guidelines and frameworks and sector coordination mechanisms in different countries.

To view our competency framework, please click here

Interested candidates are required to submit an updated CV, together with a technical proposal not exceeding 3 pages (outlining how the assignment will be undertaken within the allocated timeframe) and the daily professional fee rate quoted in US dollars. UNICEF will budget for meetings/consultation if needed. The consultant will be selected based on relevant experience, knowledge and skills and cost efficiency.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organization.