The welfare of the population of Mozambique, economic growth and its development, including poverty reduction objective, largely depend on the sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services and environmental protection. At the same time, Mozambique is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, being a greater treat for its sustainable development.
Human actions, from one way or another, have an impact into the environment; when those are negative, compromise economic performance of the sectors or even third parties’ economic performance that rely on ecosystem services for their survival.
For this reason, along the last years, The Government of Mozambique and its different productive sectors have acknowledged the need to answer these environmental challenges that the country is facing and have increased the attention to management of natural resources, integrating environmental sustainability and adaptation to climate change.
Since PARPA II (2006-2009), environment and climate change have been recognized as cross-cutting issues that play a significant role to reduce poverty; in the current 5 years, governmental programme PQG 2015-2019, transparent and sustainable management of natural resources is presented as one of the five priorities for the Government, reaffirming its commitment with the key component for sustainable development. This commitment has also been manifested trough ratification of several Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), assuming national and international commitments in the environmental arena.
Being the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER) the institution with mandate to coordinate the environmental sector, ensure its integration in different productive sectors, ensuring fulfilment of international commitments, acknowledging the cross-cutting nature. hence, to facilitate a better intersectoral coordination, MITADER has elaborated a set of strategic documents and it has coordinated some working groups with involvement of several sectors.
Despite all these efforts, interinstitutional coordination still requires to be strengthened, as the structure is not well defined neither in terms of procedures, information flows between MITADER (coordinating entity) and other sectors, nor in terms of sectorial roles and involvement. These coordination weaknesses make evident the need to improve the join work among institutions, harmonizing plans, sharing responsibilities in a clear and well defined way, to jointly can answer the challenges described above.
The MITADER, with technical and financial support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), through the “Sustainable management of natural resources for resilient and equitable growth and development project in Mozambique” (SUNRED), aims to analyze current interinstitutional working lines between MITADER and other sectors to propose an interinstitutional coordination structure to answer current needs and national and international commitments.
To this, the present Terms of Reference has been designed to hire a national consultant to conduct the below consultancy.