International Community Mobilization Consultant for sanitation demand creation

, , GH

Job Number: 496433 | Vacancy Link
Location: Ghana
Work Type : Consultancy

If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world’s leading children’s rights organization would like to hear from you.

For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.


Currently approximately 10,000 children die each year in Ghana from diarrhoea and pneumonia. Global studies indicate that access to improved sanitation facilities and good hygiene practices could reduce these deaths by up to 50%. This is supported by figures from the 2014 DHS[1], which indicates rates of diarrhoea in households with improved sanitation are less than half that of households with shared, public or no facilities. However, access rates to improved sanitation and household handwashing facilities remain low in Ghana.

 UNICEF is currently supporting the Government of Ghana (GoG) to implement and refine a national approach for rural sanitation; however there is no consistent national approach to address the urban challenges. UNICEF is therefore supporting GoG to develop a model for increasing access to improved sanitation and hygiene practices amongst the urban poor, one of the groups most at risk. As part of this work, large-scale pilot activities are being implemented in Ho, Tamale and Ashaiman Municipalities. This entails components of increasing access to improved HH sanitation in urban communities through an appropriate demand creation/behaviour change approach, sanitation marketing (which addresses the supply side to meet the demand) and the development of social norms. The behaviour change components will be developed in consultation with UNICEF C4D and other sector partners. Other aspects along the sanitation value chain include delivery of urban sanitation services through businesses development and supply chain – in emptying, treatment and re-use of faecal waste. In schools, components include development of both WASH infrastructure and behaviour change approaches.

[1] Ghana Demographic and Health Survey , 2014

Purpose of the Assignment

The urban sanitation project has made steady progress since its inception. Initial activities such as the baseline survey and development of sanitation technology options manual are almost complete. Other activities that are on-going are GIS mapping of WASH facilities in the project areas and assessment on affordability of WASH services. Besides these, there are many activities which need to start concurrently. One such activity is piloting and implementing sanitation demand creation (triggering) activities in communities of the three Metropolitan Municipal District Assemblies (MMDAs).

The nationally adopted Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach is widely used for sanitation demand generation (triggering activities) in rural areas across Ghana. However, there is no clear approach adopted for urban areas. Blanket adoption of rural CLTS to urban may not yield desirable result or may even fail to work. Urban communities have different challenges, many of which are complex in nature. To respond to these complexities, there is a need to develop a comprehensive and robust approach. An approach which can generate demand for household sanitation in urban communities. To enable development and adoption of such an approach, three different approaches will be piloted in the three MMDAs.

Dr. Shayamal Kumar Saha’s draft approach of urban CLTS[1] will be tested at Tamale Metropolis. This draft urban CLTS is an adapted version of rural CLTS. The draft approach has incorporations of learnings from both rural and urban communities of Ghana. 

The Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation[2] (CLUES)’s approach to household sanitation planning and implementation of infrastructure and services will be piloted at Ashaiman Municipality. The CLUES has been widely tested and implemented in urban and peri-urban areas in Asia, Africa and Latin America. 

Finally, Ho Municipality will try the urban Community Development for Health (CDH) approach. CDH is a participatory development approach with strong community empowerment concepts enabling community to initiate their own development plans. CDH has been successfully implemented in rural and urban areas in some countries in Asia.

Suitability, adaptability and scalability of these three approaches will be piloted. Diversity (geography, ethnicity, religion) of project areas provide a robust training ground for its applicability. To enable us to start initiating triggering activities, there is a need for support from experienced practitioners in each approach. Neither the office nor our partners including Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) have the required expertise. Therefore, UNICEF Ghana is looking to recruit three experienced practitioners/consultants (one each for CLTS, CLUES and CDH) for this assignment.

[1] Community Led Total Sanitation, Piloting Urban/ Small Town CLTS in Ghana: Strategies, Methodological Framework and Tools, 2016, Dr. Shayamal Kumar Saha, CLTS Foundation, India.

[2] Community-Led Urban Environmental Sanitation Planning: CLUES, Complete guidelines for Decision-Makers with 30-Tools, 2009, UN-Habitat, eawag, Water Supply and Sanitation (WSG).

 Assignment Tasks

As practitioners, all consultants are expected to have the most recent document on respective triggering approach. The necessary documentation required for these approaches are also available online (except the draft urban CLTS) or will be shared, if required. In addition, other background information such as the programme document, urban baseline report, technology options report, will be shared as reference document for preparation.

 Draft approach/Manual: The consultants are expected to customise/contextualise manual for each approach to suit urban contest of Ghana, particularly CLUES and CDH. Draft urban CLTS is ready. The manual should focus more on rationale, process and outcome. Each consultant will review and hold a wider consultation with relevant stakeholders to finalise respective manual.

 Implementation: After finalisation, each approach will be piloted in respective MMDAs. Piloting is expected to be progressive as detailed in the draft implementation plan (annexure 1: Work-plan). Progressive approach will enable capacity development of our partners. First triggering will be tested with respective assembly representatives and CSO facilitators. Thereafter, the approach will be implemented in first 2-3 selected clusters/sections[1] in open defecation (OD) sites in each MMDA, led by each consultant. The next 2-3 clusters is expected to be done jointly by CSO Facilitators and the Consultant. Subsequently, CSO facilitators will lead. Depending on practical aspects of each approach vis-à-vis field realities, the work-plan may be revised. However, integral approach of piloting the concepts along with progressive approach to capacity building of respective CSOs and other partners must remain. 

 Final Manual/Way-forward: The consultants are expected to finalise respective manual. The final manuals should have incorporations of field learnings. Further, the consultants are expected to draft a way forward / roll-out plan including all necessary follow-up and monitoring in consultation with respective CSOs and assembly representatives.

[1] Cluster/ Section: Each MMDA is formed by group of communities. Each community is divided into cluster/section. Each cluster has about 100 HH, for practical aspects in conducting triggering workshop for sanitation demand creation. 

 Expected Deliverables

The consultants are expected to deliver the following in 3-months, which is expected to start from 15th July 2016. Also, refer annexure 1 for generic timeline. The selected consultants would be required to submit a detailed activity plan on signing of the contract, considering the indicated time frame.  Any review of the time frame would be discussed after the site reconnaissance has been carried out, with the WASH Specialist, Accra, UNICEF. 

  • Draft Manual: The manual should be ready before proceeding to the field. 
  • Final Manual: The manual should be finalized before close of the assignment. The final manual is expected to be as concise as possible. 
  • Final Training Report: Along with the manual, it is also expected of the consultants for an assignment report of 30-35 pages, including annexures. The training report should entail details of community and training workshops conducted, number of facilitators trained, advantages and disadvantages, all learnings need to be documented well. The report must also entail an implementation plan with a way-forward. 
  • All field pictures. 
  • All publications should carry logo of – UNICEF, GNWP and GoG. 
  • UNICEF reserves all copyrights on materials produced.

Qualifications of Successful Candidate


UNICEF is looking for three suitable candidates/consultants with the following qualifications and experiences:

  • A minimum of university degree in: Public Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene related fields, Civil Engineering, Hydrology, Environmental (Science) Engineering, Sociology, Economics, International Development, or Project management will be an advantage.

Years of relevant experience

  • Over 7 years’ experience in community mobilization for WASH, Public Health and Environment related activities will be preferable. Individuals with experience in CLTS, CLUES and CDH, particularly in urban areas will be highly desirable.
  • Past experience in international organisation including UN, other international development organisation, NGOs, National Government and private sector will have an advantage.
  • Strong track record in communication, networking and analytical skills.
  • Ability to operate computer Microsoft office programs (MS Word, Excel, Power Point and Access), is essential.
  • Fluency in writing, reading and speaking English.

Competencies of Successful Candidate

 To view our competency framework, please click here

Please indicate your ability, availability and monthly rate (in US$) only.  Applications submitted without a monthly rate will not be considered.

Applicants are requested to indicate the focus area of work they are applying;

1. Urban CLTS Consultant to be based in Tamale (North),

2. CLUES consultant to be based in Ashaiman and

3. CDH consultant to be based in Ho Municipality.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

Opening Date 17 Jun 2016 GMT Standard Time
Closing Date 4 Jul 2016 GMT Standard Time