Based in Seoul, the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is an intergovernmental organization founded to support and promote a model of economic growth known as “green growth”, which targets key aspects of economic performance such as poverty reduction, job creation, social inclusion, and environmental sustainability. GGGI works with countries around the world, building their capacity and working collaboratively on green growth policies that can impact the lives of millions. The organization partners with multilateral institutions, government bodies, and the private sector to help build economies that grow strongly and are more efficient and sustainable in the use of natural resources, less carbon intensive, and more resilient to climate change to deliver comprehensive products designed to assist in developing, financing, and mainstreaming green growth in national economic development plans.
In September 2016, Mongolia ratified its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in accordance with key national mandates and sectoral policies such as the Green Development Policy (2014) and its Action Plan (2016). Mongolia’s overall commitment is to reduce 14% of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 2030 compared to Business-As-Usual (BAU). In order to achieve its NDCs by the year 2030, Mongolia estimates that it will require approximately USD 3.4 billion in investments in mitigation measures and USD 2.7 billion for adaptation. The Government of Mongolia projected that more than 80% of the required financing needs will be sought from international sources, such as the Green Climate Fund, Multilateral Development Banks and the joint crediting mechanisms. The next steps for implementing the INDCs is to further specify and prioritise the policy measures along with their economic viability and potential investment sources.
In order to support the next steps of the implementation of Mongolia’s INDCs, GGGI is collaborating with the Municipal Government of Ulaanbaatar City (UB City) to develop its municipal level contribution to the national INDCs. UB City is the lrgest city in Mongolia, home to 45% of the total population and host to 64% of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Consequently, critical INDCs policy measures and investments will be concentrated in UB City, such as those to reduce building heat loss. Although parties to the Paris Agreement (2015) are nation states, the roles of non- and sub-state actors (such as cities, businesses, and regions) will be integral to the implementation of INDCs. According to the United Nations, cities account for 2/3 of the global commitment for the GHG emissions reductions and have direct control over activities relevant for both mitigation and adaptation measures. Similarly, UB City has both the decision-making power and decentralised financial authority to realise considerable contributions to the implementation of Mongolia’s INDCs.
In 2016, the Governor of UB City stated that UB City is moving from policy to tangible investment projects to combat air, soil and water pollution, which have reached crisis levels. UB City Governor’s Action Plan 2016-2020 includes a dedicated chapter on Environment and Green Development that seeks to mobilise international climate financing to UB City’s priority investment areas. Hence, clear UB City contributions to Mongolia’s INDCs are urgently needed to prioritise the investment pipeline, facilitate international climate financing and increase certainty and clarity for potential investors. It will also help to improve the competitiveness of UB City to attract and access climate financing, both regionally and globally.
In March 2017, an Official Working Group on the UB City Climate Plan was established, including delegates from Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Institute of Meteorology and Environment Monitoring, Academy of Science, and selected UB City Agencies. The first Official Working Group Meeting was held on 28 March 2017, and agreed on key milestones and action plans for this project.
Objective of the Project:
The objective of this project is to support successful implementation of Mongolia’s INDCs by developing “Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan to reduce GHGs emissions within territory of Ulaanbaatar City” and its associated Climate Investment Plan.
Project Scope of Work:
The project has two components, which are i) determining achievable and realistic UB City-level INDCs, and ii) formulating an associated UB City Climate Investment Plan.
Component One will determine the types and levels of UB City Contributions to the INDCs, including both mitigation and adaptation policy measures and actions. In addition to the policy measures and actions identified in the INDCs document of Mongolia, UB City specific measures may be developed, such as in construction, solid waste management or public transport. This UB City Climate Change Plan will be presented to the approval of the Citizen’s Representatives Khural of the Capital City (City Council).
Based on the UB City Climate Change Plan, the UB City Climate Investment Plan will be developed. The Climate Investment Plan will include prioritized actions and project concepts, based on a set of criteria for environmental and social safeguards, and performance that meet international standard and practices. Criteria will include, but not be limited to, GHGs emissions, marginal abatement cost per sector, expected carbon savings against BAU, project readiness, and social inclusiveness. The UB City Climate Investment Plan will be presented for the endorsement of the Policy and Planning Division of Governor’s Office, which ultimately will aid UB City’s Capital Investment Planning and Programs.
The assignment will require primary and secondary data collection, due to the lack of readily available data at the local and national levels. Formulation of this policy document and the investment priorities will require effective teamwork and active engagement with the relevant government agencies as well as private sector and other stakeholders.
Expected Overall Project Output:
This project will produce the following outputs:
- “Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan to reduce GHGs emissions from territory of Ulaanbaatar City”, a policy document approved by Capital City Citizen’s Representative Khural, Full Technical and Summary Reports
- UB City Climate Investment Plan, endorsed by the Policy and Planning Division of the Governor’s Office.
Consultant’s Detailed Tasks:
The Climate Investment Expert will support UB City to develop its Climate Investment Plan (ie Investment Strategy and Pipeline of Projects) to realise efforts to reduce the GHGs emissions and improve the competitiveness of UB City, as well as to attract interests from potential climate investors. Detailed tasks will include, but not be limited to, the followings:
- Conduct a desk review in relation to Mongolia’s INDCs investment needs, and key documents, reports, strategies, policies regulations, and legislations related to required cost and investment needs for the implementation of INDCs, and collect necessary information and data from the Government and UB City agencies, and official statistical sources;
- Produce a report on investment needs to achieve INDCs commitments in BAU and Green Investments Scenarios for the overall economic growth of UB City;
- Analyse investment sources by evaluating domestic and international resources for the identified measures and actions, produced by Adaptation and Mitigation Experts;
- Agree on internationally applied a set of criteria, that may include GHGs emissions reduction, marginal abatement cost, expected carbon savings against BAU, project readiness, and social inclusiveness, to screen and prioritise identified INDCs projects and measures;
- Develop a climate investment plan for UB City, the plan should include a prioritised pipeline of projects and measures, as well as recommendations for next steps for implementation of UB City Climate Investment Plan and identify any barriers and data gaps;
- Develop at least 20 project briefs (profiles) for each item in the Climate Investment Plan for various stakeholders such as local and international investors, banks, government stakeholders
- Support Mitigation and Adaptation Experts on identifying mitigation and adaptation measures and actions; and
- Present findings of the assignment to workshops and consultative events, which may be internal or external stakeholders.
UB City leads the Official Working Group and Government Endorsement Processes. GGGI will provide technical and project management support. Three short-term technical experts (Mitigation, Adaptation and Investment Experts) will be retained for the assignment, working closely with GGGI staff and the Official Working Group.
The expert will make up a member of team of three, to carry out the assignment. Experts will be expected to work periodically, as required, at the relevant UB City implementing agencies, especially those represented in the Official Working Group, with close coordination with the relevant national ministries and agencies. The expert will report directly to the Cities Program Officer of GGGI Mongolia and the expert will submit consolidated monthly progress report to the Official Working Group.
Climate Investment Expert shall produce the Component 2 of the project, in close coordination with Mitigation and Adaptation Experts.
All reports and materials must be presented in English and Mongolian, in accordance with GGGI’s formatting requirements. All deliverables will be cleared by the GGGI and necessary comments and changes shall be incorporated in a timely manner. The payment shall be paid upon GGGI clearance for deliverables and approved evidence of supporting level of effort (i.e. activities based on timesheet).
The expert will preferably have earned a postgraduate degree in economics, finance, public policy, international development, a related field, and at least 7 years of experience in helping government agencies prepare and implement investment plans, preferably related to climate finance. Fluency in Mongolian and strong command of English is required.
The Consultant interested in this assignment should demonstrate:
- Solid knowledge and experience on national and sub-national public finance, public financial management, national and subnational budget formulation, and capital investment planning and programmes;
- Solid knowledge and track record in relation to Climate Change and INDCs issues such as mitigation, adaptation, climate financing, GHG inventory, international climate change dialogue, MRV, NAMA etc;
- Solid understanding of legal and institutional framework of Mongolia’s INDCs, such as key international and national stakeholders for implementation of INDCs, including Ministry of Environment and Tourism, and UNFCCC
- Previous experience in analysing and preparing climate change projects, i.e. mitigation and adaptation measures, such as renewable energy, energy efficiency;
- Ability to produce high-quality, concise, clear and structured reports;
- Significant work experience and network in Mongolia, East Asia and/or comparable cold weather climate;
- Experience working for/ with international institutions and familiarity with their policies and procedures; and
- Effective team player, communications (oral, written) such as communicating technical concepts to non-technical audience, and analytical competencies.