Consultancy: Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) at Scale

Nairobi, , KE

Job Number: 504013 | Vacancy Link
Location: Kenya
Work Type : Consultancy

Background and Justification 

Since its emergence in 1999-2000, Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has spread exponentially in more than 70 countries globally. Experiences from different countries have shown that there is a wide variation in the quality and scale of implementation of CLTS in countries. This has necessitated the development of a simple tool with a methodology that is easy to administer in order to achieve a common basic standard of CLTS implementation across different countries. 

UNICEF and the CLTS Foundation have developed the CLTS Rapid Appraisal Protocol (CRAP) which can be used by various agencies implementing CLTS at scale (Kar et al., 2017). 

ational the mechanisms and activities designed for levraging ike Natural Leaders and Community consultants, CLTS championsty wiCRAP is a diagnostic tool to assess the status and quality of CLTS by reviewing the present practice of CLTS at national, sub-national (regional/district) and the community level, in a quick and comprehensive manner using participatory approaches. It provides process and outcome analysis in a quick and simple manner, involving stakeholders at different levels, in order to assess: (i) the enabling environment and appropriate institutional perspectives; (ii) human resource capacity to steer quality implementation at scale; and (iii) stakeholder understanding and execution modalities of the CLTS process. At the functional level the above components of the CLTS philosophy are translated through six key strategic pillars spanning across different administrative levels (national, regional and local) and addressing scale in terms of geographic coverage and multiplicity of actors involved. 

CLTS has helped reduce open defecation in the region. The CRAP tool developed will even enhance the process and further accelerate the reduction. However, there are growing concerns of sustainability of communities once they become open defecation free, which equally need to be addressed. In 2014, UNICEF estimated that there were over 30,000 ‘Open Defecation Free’ or ODF communities in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF, 2014). However, country evaluations showed that  most ODF communities gradually ‘slip’ back to OD at an average rate of 10 per cent per year, suggesting significant losses over time. 

This consultancy is aimed at giving technical support to country offices in ESAR in the application of the CRAP tool as well as providing post-ODF support and capacity development to ensure sustainability of ODF communities.

Scope of Work 

  • Goal and Objective: 

Goal: Improving quality of CLTS at Scale to reduce open defecation


Providing technical support to country offices in ESAR to:

  • Apply the CRAP tool
  • Develop capacity to ensure sustainability of ODF communities.
  • Provide details/reference to AWP areas covered: 

This assignment is directly related to the WASH output 240R/A0/09/001/003/ and annual work plan activity 18 – Support quality and effectiveness of CLTS to ensure the sustainability of ODF communities and districts in 8 COs

  • Activities and Tasks: 
  • Capacity development through training and mentoring for staff and partners for effective use of the CRAP tool in at least 2 countries.   
  • Widely consult with the focal point at ESARO, and by extension, staff in COs, to support implementation of appropriate post- ODF interventions to enhance sustainability of ODF communities in ESAR.
  • Train and mentor staff  and partners from at least 4 selected countries on post-ODF interventions
  • Work relationships:

The consultant will work closely with WASH UNICEF staff in the regional office and country offices. Where required they may also need to liaise with government staff, such as officials of ministries of sanitation. 


Payment Schedule

Payments will be made in two (2) instalments upon completion of deliverables as shown in the table above.  

Desired competencies, technical background and experience 

  1. University Degree in a WASH-related discipline, with orientation to WASH issues in developing countries and a focus sanitation (P3-NOC Level)
  2. In-depth understanding on CLTS programming
  3. Strong knowledge of UNICEF sanitation programming, more so WASH programmes in the ESAR region
  4. Demonstrated ability to develop and conduct training programmes
  5. Excellent planning and facilitation skills
  6. Good interpersonal and communication skills
  7. Ability to establish and maintain strong and effective working relationships
  8. At least 5 years of related work experience, including experience in developing countries
  9. Excellent command of English (both oral and written)

Administrative issues / Travel 

The ESARO WASH section will provide access to information and country level contacts and will be accessible via email or in person throughout the contract period. Progress meetings will take place virtually or face-to-face at least once every month.

The consultant will be provided with office space, working materials, information resources and appropriate office equipment, including IT services.

Tentative travel plans are shown in the table below, subject to revision after the inception phase.


As per UNICEF DFAM policy, payment is made against approved deliverables. No advance payment is allowed unless in exceptional circumstances against bank guarantee, subject to a maximum of 30 per cent of the total contract value in cases where advance purchases, for example for supplies or travel, may be necessary. 

The consulting team selected will be governed by and subject to UNICEF’s General Terms and Conditions for institutional contracts. 

The consultant team will be expected to provide their own office space and equipment, although office space can be provided in ESARO on an ad-hoc basis when required.

To view our competency framework, please click here

Please indicate your ability, availability and daily/monthly rate (in US$) to undertake the terms of reference above (including travel and daily subsistence allowance, if applicable).  Applications submitted without a daily/monthly rate will not be considered.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

Opening Date Tue Apr 11 2017 08:00:00 GMT+0200 (SAST) E. Africa Standard Time
Closing Date Tue Apr 25 2017 22:55:00 GMT+0200 (SAST)