WASH Priority Studies

Antananarivo, , MG

Job Number: 503928 | Vacancy Link
Location: Madagascar
Work Type : Consultancy

If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world’s leading children’s rights organization would like to hear from you.

For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

  1. Background and Justification

The Madagascar WASH sector has many challenges to confront but is actively working to move forward. The challenges arise from a combination of low coverage of WASH services, a low knowledge base within sector institutions, extreme low levels of sector finance including as an enduring impact of the flight of donors subsequent to the 2009 Coup d’état, rapid population growth and – critically – the all-encompassing poverty and WASH related awareness of the overwhelming proportion of its population. The most recent data (for 2015) from the Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF[1] reveals the current situation whereby barely half (51.5%) of the population has access to safe water and a mere 12% have access to improved sanitation, a figure that actually reduced in the past three years. Breaking this down slightly, 65% of rural residents use unsafe water sources, the figure for urban residents being 18%; while over half of the rural population practices open defecation (OD).

However, the current efforts of Government of Madagascar and the leading actors in the WASH sector are leading to a situation in which increased forward momentum is possible. The Ministry of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (Min EAH), with the support of UNICEF and other sector partners, initially took stock of the enabling environment for progress, using the WASH BAT (Bottleneck Assessment Tool), and it also oversaw a research assessment of the situation regarding sustainability (Sustainability Check) of WASH service provision. It also provided a comprehensive input in to the most recent GLAAS analysis and has been undertaking significant policy development. Additionally, many of the main agencies that work in the sector have been carrying out other assessments of their own work and/or of significant items in the sector itself.

In September 2015 the report “Sustainable WASH Services and an Effective WASH Sector in Madagascar” was published by the Min EAH. In that report, the authors set out a broad strategy for achieving sustainable rural water and sanitation services in Madagascar, through creating a more effective, harmonised and coordinated WASH sector. The first steps along that road have since been taken, with the establishment of a Sector Development Task Force (SDTF), under the auspices of Min EAH, which is taking ownership of the program of numerous short-term, medium-term and long-term recommendations which the Report set out. Further work was then commissioned regarding four of the short-term recommendations, namely:

  • A preliminary cost analysis of the rural water sector;
  • A review of rural water service management models and their fit to the range of contexts found in Madagascar;
  • Development of a user-friendly financial planning tool for the rural water sector in Madagascar;
  • The conduct of a second, more comprehensive, Sustainability Check for rural water and sanitation.
  • Business Case, highlighting the loss for Madagascar due to a poor investment in the WASH sector
  • Key Results Framework (2015-2019) pointing out at key priorities for the sector in the following years
  • Studies of the economic viability of water supply services, and of tariffs of water service provision in Madagascar.
  1. Objective(s) and Scope

These pieces of work have all been completed. As a result the Madagascar WASH sector is in a stronger position to take forward on sustainable delivery of WASH. To do so, there are major issues which still need to be addressed, such as equity and gender:

  1. Water service provision is often skewed in favour of the relatively well off; this can be seen in that, for example:
    1. it is more efficient to provide new or refurbished water supply infrastructure in easier to reach locations, where the least poor live.
    2. It is also easier to conduct hygiene education and CLTS programming in locations that the implementing agencies can access more readily.
    3. water is more expensive (and often lower quality) for the poor, because they are harder (and therefore more costly) to reach, or they consume water from sources and suppliers who are not subject to regulation.
    4. supply chains for water and sanitation hardware, and support services from local government, local private sector or local NGOs, are all easier to maintain in or near relatively accessible locations.
    5. Tariffs of water in a community with access to safe water may be less affordable for the most vulnerable households and therefore those families may be excluded[2]
  2. The burden of collection of water, the difficulties of its variable availability, fall most acutely on women and girls. The gender aspect of water collection is readily acknowledged but the processes and impact of addressing it are less well differentiated.
  3. The absence of usable sanitation facilities in a domestic and educational context create most difficulty for women and girls, impacting most acutely on dignity and safety for women who need to go to the fields/bush to defecate, and upon school attendance of adolescent girls particularly.

The Madagascar’s Min EAH has recognized this as key issues to study and, via UNICEF, is looking for assistance in carrying out studies to produce evidence on how confront these issues.

The above are only examples, there will be many more dimensions of each of these issues (equity, gender and accessibility). The work of this consultancy assignment, in summary, is to:

  1. Identify the full range of issues in each case – i.e. In essence what is the range and scale of problem/s relating to equity, gender and accessibility in general.
  2. What can and needs to be done at the policy and program level to address the problems identified;
  3. What is the cost and timescale to do so.

These are to be undertaken in relation to UNICEF’s programs in its seven operational WASH regions[3], and are to be disseminated outside UNICEF too, in order to spread the benefit of the work across the Madagascar WASH sector. UNICEF also wishes to compile field notes in relation to its activities around sustainability and equity of WASH service provision.

Through this Terms of Reference, UNICEF is seeking to contract a consultancy assignment to undertake these pieces relate to the seven regions in which UNICEF implement WASH programs. The elements of the assignment are summarized as follows:

  1. Element Titles : Equity and inclusion WASH study
  1. General scope
  1. Identification of the dimensions of equity in the WASH context.
  2. Analysis of the extent to which each is a factor in Madagascar.
  3. Composition, consultation and dissemination of a strategy to confront the issues identified.
  1. Required output – deliverables
  1. A single activity report setting out the findings of the work, including a strategy for UNICEF to confront the issues identified.
  2. Field notes on equity and inclusion with the findings
  3. Convene a sector workshop on Equity and Gender issues.
  1. Gender and WASH study
  2. As per Equity (at 1 above) but with a specific focus on women and girls, considering dignity as a key dimension to explore
  1. Required output – deliverables
  1. A single activity report setting out the findings of the work, including a strategy for UNICEF to confront the issues identified.
  2. Field notes on WASH and gender with the findings
  3. Convene a sector workshop on Equity and Gender issues.
  1. Sustainability Field Notes
  2. An analysis of the current incorporation of sustainability of all aspects of WASH Service delivery in UNICEF WASH programming.
  3. Production of guides for enhanced field programming.
  1. Required output – deliverables:
  1. A report containing an analysis of the current state of sustainable service delivery in UNICEF WASH programme delivery.
  2. Production of draft and final Field Notes for the guidance of programme managers reflecting enhanced practices.
  3. UNICEF WASH (plus other) staff Symposium to launch Field Notes.

Regarding the point 3 – Sustainability field note, the data, strategies and programmatic approaches are mainly existing and can be improved through interviews in WASH team and partners. Based on that, the consultant will set up the field note.

  1. Specific activities:

Each of the three main tasks require a set of activities to be undertaken by the appointed consultant in order to reach the objectives of the work. Applicant should set out in more detail their anticipated approach to each element, separately.

Some combination of desk work / field research consultation will be expected in each case; applicant should also allow some time for liaising with the Ministry and other sector actors as needed. The consultant will also need to link with UNICEF HQ and with global partners to provide relevant question on the equity and gender piece of work.

For field research, the government research agency INSTAT as well the Master Ingenierie et Science de la Terre et de l’Eau (MISTE) from University of Antananarivo will be consulted. They have the expertise and resources to carry out qualitative and quantitative research and to conduct high quality data analysis. Previous experience has shown that engaging them under the auspices of an externally led team works very well. Cost of field work and data analysis (if required) will be subject to a separate arrangement between UNICEF and INSTAT.

  1. Qualifications and/or specialized knowledge/experience required and desirable for undertaking the assignment:
  • Master’s degree from accredited institutions* in WASH relevant field, gender and equity field or equivalent
  • S/he should be a WASH specialist / Gender & Equity specialist with a minimum of eight years’ experience in the sector.
  • S/he should have a wide knowledge and field experience in multiple countries across Sub Saharan Africa and beyond, in:
  • Equity, inclusion and gender issues
  • Preferably in WASH sector: WASH service provision at all levels, WASH Program and sector performance monitoring, WASH enabling environment, especially in fragile settings.
  • Communication proficiency will be needed when dealing with the full range of stakeholders, from Minister and high level public and UNICEF officials, to program level staff, including implementing partners and community members. The Consultant should be fluent in both English and French and proficient writing and reading in English.
  • Experience working with UNICEF and / or other UN agencies and bilateral agencies is also essential.
  1. Duration of the consultancy:

The duration and planning of the consultancy is defined as follow:

  • Number of man-days: Maximum 88 (to be reported in the financial offer)
  • Expected duration of the mission (all deliverables provided and validated): 4 months from 20 April 2017.
  • Duration of the contract: 7 months from 20 April 2017 (maximum duration of the mission according to the contract to take into consideration unexpected delay)

Consultant will be based in Antananarivo.

  1. Supervision and work arrangements: 

The Consultant’s team will report to Silvia Gaya, Chief of WASH, UNICEF Madagascar. A formal review will take place every month, in which progress on each piece of work is compared against an agreed timetable of inputs (actions) and outputs (deliverables). Such reviews will serve as the determinant of payments, and retentions if required, according to the consultant’s schedule of payment.

A specific, agreed, number of days per month will be agreed for liaison and communications with the Minister of EAH and his Ministry staff. All written deliverables should be provided in English and French. Workshops are usually conducted in Malagasy and French. Simultaneous translation can be provided at no cost to the consultant if required, for large set piece events only.

UNICEF will provide one working space in its WASH office, including access to the internet, printers; it will also provide support for workshop and symposium conduct, including paying for venue hire, refreshments etc. The consultant will provide his/her own computing equipment. All travel within the Antananarivo area will be paid for by the consultant. Flights to/from the consultants’ home base should be identified and include in the budget of the consultant. Travel within Madagascar for field work purposes will be paid for by UNICEF.

  1. Payment Schedule

Payment Schedule will be specified and agreed but will be related to completion of the specified deliverables. So, the contract signed with the winning bidder shall include a payment plan associated with the surrender of deliverables to UNICEF.

A first payment of 30% of the total amount of the benefit will be paid after signing the contract and the submission and validation of the Inception Report.

A second payment of 30% will be done after production and validation of a set of deliverables that will be proposed by the consultant accordingly to their planning of intervention, then negotiated and validated by Unicef.

A final payment of 40% will be withheld until all of the deliverables have been signed off by UNICEF.

No contract may commence unless the contract is signed by both UNICEF and the consultant.

  1. Budget information for the consultant fee:

Grant No: SC 130518/SC149905

Project/Sub-Project Name: 2670/A0/06/200/101/007

  1. Applications: 

Applications are requested from suitably qualified consultants for this contract, as follows:

  • A method statement to a maximum of five pages.
  • A time schedule of key activities and deliverables.
  • An introduction to the team and summary of its relevant qualifications and experience. Maximum two pages. CVs of key staff members to be added as an Annex. Confirmation of ability to deploy staff as required from April 2017 should be given.
  • A budget statement, providing the costing for each activity, and showing direct costs of each activity. It should show the anticipated payment schedule, aligned against deliverables. Note that all costing, invoicing and payments will be in US$.
  • Analysis of the offers of the candidates will be done according to technical criteria (education, experience, method, planning accordingly to expected duration of the mission, and language) which represent 70% of the notation, and financial offer which represent 30%. 

How to Apply

Interested candidates are requested to apply only online via the link https://www.unicef.org/about/employ/?job= and attach a cover letter, detailed CV, a copy of the national identity card or passport, a copy of the highest accredited diploma a technical offer and financial proposal in US Dollar

Please indicate your availability and monthly fees (in US$) to undertake the terms of reference above (including travel and daily subsistence allowance, except in-country travel cots).  Applications submitted without a monthly rate will not be considered.

Incomplete or late submission after the deadline (12 April 2017) will not be considered. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and will receive an official response to their application. Our job applications are also available on the site http://www.unicef.org/about/employ/

* See the list of accredited institutions on the link: www.whed.net

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organization.

[1] Source: UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme (“JMP”) 2015; http://www.wssinfo.org/data-estimates/tables/.

[3] Androy, Anosy, Atsimo Atsinanana, Atsino Andrefana, Analamanga, Boeny, Analanjirofo

Opening Date Thu Apr 06 2017 08:00:00 GMT+0200 (SAST) E. Africa Standard Time
Closing Date Wed Apr 12 2017 22:55:00 GMT+0200 (SAST)