Construction of a Leachate Treatment Facility at Kwashe Municipal Landfill


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Please find attached all relevant materials for the application process.



ACTED, a French NGO, has been working in Iraq since 2003 providing humanitarian support to vulnerable populations through multi-sector emergency assistance. ACTED has been operational in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq since 2007 initially working to build the capacity of civil society organizations and, since early 2013, responding to the Syrian refugee crisis through the provision of food, camp management and child protection services.

ACTED, with funding from the Canadian Government through Global Affairs Canada (GAC), has been engaged to implement a waste water treatment facility at Kwashe landfill in Dohuk governorate, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Implementation of this project will improve the environmental sanitation of the site and improve the capacity of municipal authorities in regards to solid waste management. This project is part of a wider programme to improve community resilience in the wake of the nearby on-going conflict.


The Kwashe sanitary landfill is located near the city of Kwashe, in the district of Summel, and about 20km northwest of Dohuk, in the Dohuk Governorate of Iraq Kurdistan. The area where the landfill is located consists in a mix of industrial and residential spaces, and is the only formal facility that provides some degree of solid waste processing for the entire governorate.

Since 2014, the population influx has placed additional burden to the landfill, and increased the negative environmental effects of its current configuration. The Directorate-general of Municipalities of Duhok Governorate is the government agency responsible for the solid waste service management in the region.

This landfill is located about 36.9745 degrees north, and 42.8088 degrees east, and has a total capacity of processing 800 tons of waste per day, and consists of: 1) Sorting facility, where it is located a sorting station for recyclable materials and a composting station, and 2) Sanitary cell.

Since its construction (in 2012), there is no leachate treatment and management strategy or infrastructure in place, and consequently all generated leachate simply flows onto the open ground, resulting in high levels of soil contamination.


In the scope of this project, ACTED proposes to install a leachate treatment plant (LTP) in Kwashe Landfill, with a total treating capacity of 3 m3/h (or 72 m3/d), as a design effluent flow, in order meet the discharge standards for irrigation purposes of Iraqi Kurdistan.

The complete treatment process will consist of sedimentation as the primary treatment, followed by a membrane biological reactor (MBR) as the biological/secondary treatment, and either Nano-filtration (NF) or Reverse Osmosis (RO) for tertiary/advanced treatment.

All required design inputs (i.e. dimensioning parameters) have been collected by ACTED, and bidders are requested to propose a design that incorporates these factors, and also best fit to the local context. The successful bidder will be engaged to implement the winning design

Additional details of the landfill including leachate properties, discharge limits and design considerations, are discussed in the attached KWASHE LANDFILL LEACHATE TREATMENT PLANT – TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION AND SUPPORT DOCUMENTS (following this tender form).