Job Number: 502741 | Vacancy Link
Location: Papua New Guinea
Work Type : Consultancy
UNICEF PNG Country Office
Terms of Reference
WASH TECHNICAL ADVISOR-
Port Moresby- Papua New Guinea (with travel to the field)
Support the National WASH Coordinator to manage progress towards key stages and milestones of policy implementation (20% of time)
& To conduct a capacity building needs assessment and propose recommendation for designing a Capacity Building plan in pursuit of supporting the implementation of “Strategy Seven of the National WASH Policy 2015-2030): Increase Sector Capacity Building and Training (80% of the time)
Based at the WASH Programme Management Unit (PMU) of the Department of National Planning and Monitoring with Frequent travel to the Field
February 2017- May 2017
WASH Specialist UNICEF and the National WASH Coordinator – Programme Management Unit (PMU), Dept. of Planning and Monitoring; Gov. of PNG
Budget Code/Grant No No/WBS
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is the largest and most populated Pacific island nation. PNG is a lower middle-income country with a population of slightly over seven million people located in the Eastern Pacific. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries, with over 850 indigenous languages. With an annual growth rate of 2.3 per cent, the population is projected to reach 9 million by 2020. Over 86 per cent of the population, and 93 per cent of the country’s poorest, live in remote rural areas. The dispersed small islands, mountainous terrain, and expensive air travel – the only link between the capital and provinces – pose infrastructural and cost challenges for the population and the government to improve access to services, adversely exacerbating existing disparities.
Each year access to water and sanitation services fails to keep pace with population increase. Low access to WASH is reflected in the health status of the nation. PNG currently ranks at the bottom of the Pacific countries for all WASH related health statistics.
PNG has seen virtually no progress on WASH between 1990 and 2012. Access to improved water in PNG increased slightly from 33% to 40%. Access to sanitation during the same period declined from 20% to 19% thus missing the MDG target. With stunting at 45%, one in every two children are stunted.
Lack of access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene practices is manifested in poor health outcome. Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) remains at 220. At 63 per 1000 live births PNG has the highest Under 5 Mortality rate in the Pacific Region. “There is critical need to accelerate progress on WASH to contribute to the reduction of the MMR and U5 mortality.
An analysis undertaken by UNICEF revealed Papua New Guinea tends to affect overall sub-regional weighted averages disproportionally due to its low water and sanitation coverage levels. With improved sanitation coverage at 19% and access to improved water coverage at 40%, PNG ranks significantly lower than the rest of the East Asia and Pacific region, world average, and the average of all other Pacific islands countries excluding Papua New Guinea. Water supply coverage in PNG is the lowest in the world.
Under such circumstances, in January 2015, the country’s first National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Policy has been formulated to substantially improve access to water and sanitation services and to change hygiene behaviors, particularly in the currently underserved rural areas, schools, health facilities and peri-urban settlement areas.
The National WASH Policy has set target for universal coverage of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools and health facilities. It has set target of 70% coverage of improved water and sanitation in rural areas, 95% improved water supply and 85% improved sanitation coverage in urban areas.
The long term vision of the National WASH Policy is to create a National Water Sanitation and Hygiene Authority (NWSHA) to provide direction for planning, management, investments and activities for all sector stakeholders.
The National WASH Policy provides the strategic framework and a unique opportunity to substantially improve access to water and sanitation services and to change hygiene behaviour, particularly to the currently underserved rural and peri-urban settlement areas. It aims to provide direction for planning, management, investments and activities for all sector stakeholders in order to achieve the policy objectives. National ownership and strong coordination on WASH policy implementation are recognized as critical requirements to shift from Policy to Strategy, action plans and implementation on the ground.
The Policy identifies seven strategies to improve the delivery of WASH services:
- Improved sector coordination and leadership through the establishment of a National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Authority (NWSHA)
- Improved WASH sector funding;
- Develop and manage an effective management information system;
- Improved and consistent approaches to WASH service delivery;
- Appropriate technology promotion;
- Enhanced private sector participation and partnerships; and
- Sector capacity building.Together, these strategies will seek to ensure that each year, services are delivered to an additional 453,000 people in order to meet the policy targets.Following endorsement of the Policy, DNPM is keen to move forward with the coordination and implementation of the WASH Policy. As part of an Interim arrangement, described in the Policy, the DNPM has established a Programme Management Unit (PMU) to begin Policy implementation and to work towards the establishment of the NWSHA. National WASH Coordinator has been recruited to lead the PMU. UNICEF provided a Technical advisor in 2016 to support the build the capacity of the National WASH Coordinator, support the establishment of WASH PMU and provide assistance in strengthening the coordination of the WASH sector in Papua New Guinea. This PMU also has been provided with Technical Advisors by other development partners. WASH PMU is in the process of designing an Organization Development plan for transition of the PMU to the National WASH Authority; 5 year implementation strategy of the National WASH Policy, design of a Water and Sanitation Development Programme etc/Based on an internal assessment, and recognizing available and needed technical capacity, the DNPM is now seeking to engage an Advisor for additional 3 months who will guide and provide strategic support to the National WASH Coordinator to lead the PMU and support the first stages of Policy implementation which is expected to take 20% time of the proposed Advisor. For the remaining time, the Advisor has to conduct a capacity building needs assessment and propose recommendation for designing a Capacity Building plan in pursuit of supporting the implementation of “Strategy Seven of the National WASH Policy 2015-2030): Increase Sector Capacity Building and Training.The Advisor will be engaged for three months from 20 February 2017- 20 May 2017.
The objective of this assignment is to advise/guide and provide strategic support to the National WASH Policy Coordinator to lead the PMU and support the first stages of Policy implementation and to conduct a capacity building needs assessment and propose recommendation for designing a Capacity Building plan in pursuit of supporting the implementation of “Strategy Seven of the National WASH Policy 2015-2030): Increase Sector Capacity Building and Training. Through consultations with WASH sector partners, assess, analyse and determine the capacity needs and gaps in the WASH sector in Papua New Guinea covering the staffing, skills, logistics and equipment requirements of Government at the national, provincial and district levels primary focus and of NGOs, CSOs and the private sector.
PNG has the lowest improved water supply 40% and improved sanitation coverage 19% in the Asia Pacific Region. The disparity between urban and rural sector is high with only 33% of the rural population with access to improved water supply and 88% of urban population with access to an improved water supply. It is primarily because the WASH sector in PNG was an Orphan sector and rural sector was completely ignored. The sector in the past was highly fragmented with no specific authority charged with overall sector policy making, investment planning, budget allocation, programme coordination and progress monitoring.
Responsibilities were divided between State Owned Enterprises such as Water PNG and Eda Ranu, Department of Health, and many projects were implemented by unregulated service providers including development partners, NGOs, CSOs, Church groups and Government agencies with limited or no coordination. As a result planning and implementation has been largely haphazard, from ad hoc funding sources and with limited long term impact in terms of water and sanitation coverage and health, nutrition and education benefits.
Capacity on WASH sector in PNG is extremely low. There is no service delivery arrangement for WASH especially in Rural Areas, institutions such as schools and health centers and 69 other districts outside the jurisdiction of Water PNG and Eda Ranu. There is need of build capacity on WASH to strengthen institutional and human capacity to provide WASH services in support of national decentralization efforts. Thus there is need to assess WASH sector capacity needs to design a Capacity development plan to support service delivery at scale.
In consultation with WASH sector partners and in coordination with UNICEF WASH Specialist and the National WASH Coordinator, the Advisor/ consultant will be responsible for the following:
- To advise/guide and provide strategic support to the National WASH Policy Coordinator to lead the PMU and support the first stages of Policy implementation and oversight of other Technical Advisors
- Conduct capacity needs assessment must assess the full structure of the WASH sector and identify a baseline, capacity gaps, and set targets for the development and strengthening of enabling environment/accountability framework to regulate the sector institutional/organizational and human capacity at national, provincial and district level to deliver WASH services. This assessment should take into account the full scope of WASH sector; capacity strengths and gaps within public and private sectors, as well as civil society, and gender equity. The advisor/consultant will need to work closely with the other consultant in-charge of developing Organization Development for transition of PMU to the National WASH Authority.
The Consultant must develop own tools and protocols. Some of the methodologies but ‘not limited to’ proposed are as below
- Desk study, secondary literature review, internet and mapping of policy framework, Acts, reports, existing regulatory framework, standards guidelines, field guidance document, existing training materials on water, sanitation and hygiene etc
- Mapping of WASH Stakeholders in PNG; Stakeholder analysis – roles & responsibilities; location of operation, presence etc.
- Key stakeholder individual and group discussions on institutional, organizational and Human capacity programme methodology, systems and procedures required for implementation; and the ability to monitor programme
- Questionnaires / information gathering forms
- Rating / ranking tools and SWOT analyses
- Mapping of educational & training institutions in Papua New Guinea – locations, courses, students, staffing
- Visits to universities, training institutions and laboratories – discussions, data collection,
- observation of facilities/equipment
- Visits to Province, District and WASH Service provider – discussions, data collection, observation of facilities/equipment
- Strategic guidance, advice and support provided to the National WASH Policy Coordinator to lead the PMU in the first stages of Policy implementation and in oversight of other Technical Advisors in designing the Water and Sanitation development Programme, Organization development plan, Five year WASH Strategy implementation etc.
- WASH sector capacity needs assessment report developed covering the Enabling Environment/accountability to regulate and lead the sector institutional/organizational and human capacity including system and procedures, human staffing, skills, logistics and equipment requirements of Government at the national, county and district levels and of NGOs, CSOs and the private sector to deliver services. The report must cover WASH sector – responsibilities, capacity needs, current capacity and gaps; Education and training – needs, existing capacity and gaps and formal and informal Existing capacity development initiatives in Papua New Guinea and Summary of recommendations for capacity development in the following categories and in the areas on Water, excreta disposal, hygiene promotion in both urban, peri-urban and rural areas, WASH in institutions (Schools and Health facilities), Emergency preparedness and response, leadership, coordination, sector monitoring etc. Enabling Environment/Accountability
- Legislation, policies, strategies, standards, guidelines, standard operating procedure, enforcement of law, polices and standards for WASH in households (urban and rural) and WASH in Institutions (Schools and Health Facilities)
- Streamlining/reducing overlap/ mandate and functional review etc
- Organizational structure and WASH implementation unit at national, provincial and district both within govt. NGOs, and the private sector
- HR system and procedure and procurement of goods and services, Operation and maintenance regime
- Staffing- Number and skills for delivering WASH (Hardware- Infrastructure and Software-Demand triggering and hygiene promotion)
- Capacity building approaches- through Education training programme, short courses, workshop, seminars, in service training, Secondment, internship, supportive supervision, mentoring, coaching, study visit/horizontal learning/exchange etc.
Activity and deliverables (underlined)
Desk work (literature review, distance interviews…)
20th Feb-10th March
Field Assessment discussions, Field visits, observations, questionnaires,
11th March-14th April
Analysis and Drafting of the Capacity Needs Assessment Report
Validation Workshop among Key Stakeholders On Capacity Needs Assessment
Final Report on Capacity Needs Assessment
The payment will be made in two instalments, following the satisfactory delivery of the above-mentioned deliverables as agreed upon by mutual consensus between UNICEF and the consultant and after the supervisor’s clearance.
 Institute for Sustainable Futures Papua New Guinea WASH sector brief
 WHO, UNICEF and World Bank- Trend in maternal mortality 1990-2013)
Expected background and Experience
- Advanced University degree – MSc in water, sanitation and hygiene or other technical fields related to WASH, with proven field experience in developing countries especially areas of Capacity Needs and Capacity Development on WASH Sector
- Good knowledge of field work: field surveys, structured / semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion and training.
- Familiar with field work in developing countries and difficult rural environment
- Knowledge & experience on WASH programming
- Capacity to facilitate or co-facilitate a technical workshop
- Demonstrated ability to work in a multi-cultural environment and establish harmonious and effective working relationships, both within and outside the organization
- Fluency in English, Knowledge of Tok Pisin language is an asset
General Conditions: Procedures and Logistics
- In addition to the daily rate the consultancy will include DSA and travel costs. DSA will be advanced in country upon request.
- The consultant will be responsible to bring all necessary laptop and computer accessories.
- Under the consultancy agreements, a month is defined as 21 working days, and fees are prorated accordingly. Consultants are not paid for weekends or public holidays.
- Internal flight costs will be covered by UNICEF
- Consultants are not entitled to payment of overtime. All remuneration must be within the contract agreement.
- No contract may commence unless the contract is signed by both UNICEF and the consultant or Contractor.
- The consultant may be authorized to buy their travel tickets and shall be reimbursed at the “most economical and direct route” but this must be agreed to beforehand.
- Consultant will not have supervisory responsibilities or authority on UNICEF budget.
- No consultant may travel without a signed travel authorization prior to the commencement of the journey to the duty station.
- Consultant will be required to sign the Health statement for consultants/Individual contractor prior to taking up the assignment, and to document that they have appropriate health insurance.
- The Form ‘Designation, change or revocation of beneficiary’ must be completed by the consultant upon arrival, at the HR Section.
Opening Date 1 Feb 2017 West Pacific Standard Time
Closing Date 14 Feb 2017 West Pacific Standard Time