Cambodia is rapidly transiting towards lower middle-income country . The Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is USD 1,020 (World Bank 2014) with an annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 7.4 percent (World Bank 2013). However, Cambodia is ranked 145 out of 178 countries for the Environmental Performance Index with the overall score of 35.44 out of 100 points (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, 2014) . The World Bank’s Country Policy Institutional Assessment (CPIA) (2014) gives the country a score of 3 out of 6 in terms of its policy and institutional capacities in attaining environmental sustainability. Similar to other rapidly developing countries, Cambodia thus faces challenges in terms of attaining sustainable development. In September in 2015, Cambodia endorsed the adoption of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in order to meet these challenges. Currently, Cambodia is in a process of specifying the SDG goals in the context of the particular challenges pertaining to Cambodian sustainable development.
Developmental activities have brought important economic benefits (e.g. generating employment), economic growth has intensified pressure on natural resources and environment, as is exemplified by the recent forest cover change from 57% in 2011 to approximately 50% in 2014 (RGC). This has led to heightened concerns among governments, development agencies and NGOs about adverse impacts on biodiversity and critical ecosystems, not least in the case of wildlife living in and adjacent to natural resource boundaries. Depletion and degradation of natural resources may adversely affect many Cambodians, especially on women, who are dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods. There are also concerns about the adverse impacts of the use of agriculture chemicals on human health, ecosystems and biodiversity. In urban areas, increasing levels of pollution, waste, and noise have become serious issues, which are exacerbated by the lack of effective environmental regulations and control mechanisms.
Furthermore, accelerating effects of climate change pose another set of environmental challenges for Cambodia. The country is currently ranked as the 8th most vulnerable country to climate change according to climate change vulnerability index conducted by Maplecroft com (2014) , indexed by increasing incidence of droughts, floods, and windstorms, and rising sea levels. Climate change is likely to have damaging effects on agriculture and livestock, thus posing threats for nearly 73% of the total population who reside in rural areas and are highly dependent on agriculture for their income.
At present, Cambodia has a number of governmental bodies and laws to govern its natural resources and the environment. The Ministry of Environment (MoE) is one of the governmental bodies with a central mandate to ensure conservation and management of natural resources and environment. In recent years, however, the MoE has faced significant constraints in addressing the emerging environmental issues and challenges due partly to its formerly outdated organizational structure, strategic priorities and implementation plans, and partly to insufficient human and technical resources.
Moreover, there was no effective inter-ministerial governmental body or legal principles that provide overarching guidance and direction for sustainable development. Additionally, the mandates and regulations of existing ministries do not adequately correspond to current and emerging challenges. Finally, overlapping jurisdictions and mandates among line ministries over the governance of natural resources and environment have created ambiguity and confusion concerning which ministry should be responsible for a particular resource and for what purposes. This has resulted in uneven and inadequate enforcement and application of environmental and natural resource requirements and standards, thus constraining and undermining efforts to protect the environment and facilitate sustainable development.
In response to these challenges, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) embarked upon environmental governance reforms in November in 2013. These focus on three pillars of activities: 1) MoE modernization, 2) Establishment of the National Council of Sustainable Development (NCSD), and 3) Development of an Environmental Code.
The Environmental Governance Reform Project
The overall objective of this project is to assist the RGC to implement environmental governance reforms in order to create an enabling policy and legal environment for conserving and protecting environmental resources at risk. The project comprises of four key deliverables (KD):
The Contribution of the Project Manager
The Project Manager will be responsible for managing the project day to day operations and under the overall leadership of the Project Board, the UNDP Country Director and the support of the Asistant Country Director of Programme implement the work plan activities with a keen focus on results based management. In close consultation with UNDP Programme Analyst, s/he will work to ensure effective implementation and delivery of the project outputs. S/he will also be expect to liaise with government, development partners, CSOs and other project stakeholders. The Project Manager will also ensure project coordination, management, monitoring and evaluation, financial, administrative, procurement and logistic matters of the project. S/he will also be responsible preparing progress and annual reports required by UNDP and donors (Japan Fund/UNEP, USAID and other donors as situation so demand).
Duties and Responsibilities
Summary of Key Functions:
In the area of project management, the Porgramme Manager is expected to undertake the following functions:
1. Provide top quality advice and strategic guidance for effective implementation and results-based management of the project according to project objectives and stated results as well as with UNDP policies and procedures
2. Lead monitoring and evaluation of the project to ensure effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of project activities and results
3. Ensure coordination, management and monitoring of human resource, financial, administrative, procurement and logistical matters
4. Develop and maintain effective partnership
5. Knowledge management and sharing and capacity development
Impact of Results:
The key results of the post strengthen UNDP’s contributions to the effort of the Royal Government of Cambodia in achieving Environmental Governance Reform for the sustainable development of Cambodia. With strong support from this position in ensuring the proper implementation of the project, the ultimate strategic objective of the project is to create an enabling policy and legal environment for conserving and protecting environmental resources at risk.
Advocacy/Advancing A Policy-Oriented Agenda
Level 2: Analysis and creation of messages and strategies
Results-Based Programme Development and Management
Level 1.1: Contributing to results through provision of information
Building Strategic Partnerships
Level 2: Identifying and building partnerships
Innovation and Marketing New Approaches
Level 2: Developing new approaches
Level 2: Implementing resource mobilization strategies
Promoting Organizational Learning and Knowledge Sharing
Level 2: Developing tools and mechanisms
Job Knowledge/Technical Expertise
Level 2: In-depth knowledge of the subject-matter
Global Leadership and Advocacy for UNDP’s Goals
Level 2: Analysis and creation of messages and strategies
Level 2: Contributing to positive outcomes for the client
Required Skills and Experience
“Qualified female candidates are strongly encouraged to apply.”
Project Manager (Environmental Governance Reform)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Phnom Penh, Cambodia 🇰🇭