Economist for Water Utility Company Advisory Team

Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Position Type: 
Organization Type: 
International Organization
Experience Level: 
10+ Years
Degree Required: 
Advanced Degree (Master's or JD)


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Objective and Purpose of the Assignment


UWSCG aims to increase operational efficiency and productivity to improve service delivery and financial
sustainability. Towards this end, UWSCG will be empowered to be more autonomous, accountable, efficient,
and sustainable.
A team of experts will advise, develop, prepare and assist implementation of corporate reforms and
restructuring framework for 2020–2030, including assessment of various private sector participation and
public-private partnership (PPP) options for UWSCG. The team will work in close collaboration with
UWSCG. The assistance will be brought in scope of Time-based contract. Flexibility and high field
presence (>90% of inputs) will be required from the advisory team. The advisory team will be composed of
following experts (8):

(i) Team Leader
(ii) Financial Expert
(iii) Modelling & Programming (Analyst) Expert
(iv) Economist
(v) Water Supply Engineer
(vi) Wastewater Engineer
(vii) Lawyer – Expert on Regulation
(viii) Lawyer – Expert on FIDIC
In order to achieve this goal, the team should:
• Review and assess the current corporate system and identify issues during the first 2 month the team
is composed;
• Prepare proposals and agree with UWSCG to address the issues, during the following 2 months;
• Support on the implementation of the Proposal during the last 3 months of the engagement.

Expected outputs of the service provided by the advisory team will include but not limited to:

• Improved data collection, processes, management and increased transparency for performance monitoring.
Improved management effectiveness by establishing internal and external performance management and
incentive system.
• Strengthening of accounting and financial management.
• Improved corporate governance through supervisory board, amended/new company charter, essential
committees for change management, etc.
• Planned and implemented corporate restructuring (streamlined regional offices/service centres) and
realignment of key business units, with possibility of introducing private sector involvement. Including
reorganization of regional set up and branches (assess, identify gaps and develop roadmap and plans for
the organization, management, system, processes, and capacity at UWSCG headquarters and service centres).
• Improved human resources management and rationalize workforce for improved productivity and/or reduced
redundant staff, updated job description, performance management, recruitment, retention and capacity
development of staff as well as salary and compensation review.
• Developed and rolled out strategies, policies and programs to reduce costs and enhance revenue to
improve financial viability of UWSCG and its credit worthiness, including
o progressive cost recovery plan (5-year tariff rationalization plan)
o extending connections or service areas;
o building customer awareness/behavioural change on water usage and hygiene and implementing public
communication strategy;
o strengthening billing and customer services;
o 100% metering at production and metering program/guidelines for households
o Improving energy efficiency
o reduced nonrevenue water (NRW) through reducing illegal connections, leakage, and other improvements
• Developed and implemented asset management system and capital expenditure programs.
• Developed and implemented standard operating procedures and key performance indicators (KPIs) across
service centres.
• Streamlined business processes
• Improved IT solutions for utility management (main control centre, hydraulic modelling, SCADA,
Enterprise resource planning (ERP), smart asset management systems, etc.).
• Developed and implemented a legal and regulatory compliance framework

Scope of Work


The economic expert will be in charge of providing inputs on economic modelling and programming to
support UWSCG decision making. He/she will then, under the supervision and in close collaboration with
the Team Leader, provide inputs on his/her field of expertise. This includes (not limited to):
• Assess socio-economic condition in UWSCG service area.
• Providing advice to UWSCG on customer management and potential improvement.
• Provide inputs to the team on the financial / economic analysis, especially related to (i) tariff
policy, (ii) affordability, (iii) economic impacts and (iv) customer management.
• Support the team in definition of KPIs.
• Economic analysis of the proposed new organization and restructuring, covering macroeconomic and
sector assessment, demand analysis, least economic cost analysis, cost and benefit analysis, sensitivity
analysis, risk analysis, distribution analysis including poverty impact ratio, sustainability analysis,
and assessment of subsidies or other financial instruments to ensure access to all proposed
beneficiaries. If subsidies are needed, provide their rationale and justification.
• Based on economic and financial analysis, provide guidance to UWSCG on future
restructuring/reorganization and company strategy.
• Propose better customer management system in liaison with UWSCG overall financial management.
• Based on the model and more specifically based on economic analysis, provide support and guidance on
which PPP / O&M models can be implemented – considering pros and cons.
• Support on Strategic Business Plan options.
• Identify UWSCG’s staff nasality and provide relevant training and capacity building

Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output


The expert is requested to submit following report:
1. Inception Report;
2. Progress report on monthly basis;
3. Final Report.
In addition to the reports above, there are key outputs expected to be achieved by advisory team and
reported to UWSCG by Advisory Group Team Leader.
The team members are expected to be involved and in the delivery of reports in timeframe.
Phase 1 (September 2020 – October 2020)
Vision, Mission and Strategy Outline for UWSCG
Revenue Increase Program
Preliminary Water Balance for major cities with a population over 20,000
Asset Strategy (and outline of an Asset Management Plan)
• Asset Portfolio, based on the asset inventory and envisaged performance targets Identification of
risks and development of risk management strategies
• Asset Performance Measures
Investment Plan
• 3-years Investment Plan
• Long-Term Investment Plan (based on the Asset Strategy)
Phase 2 ( November 2020 - December 2020)
3–Years Business Plan including
• Financial Management Plan
• Technical Management and Operational Plan
• Asset Management Plan
• Customer Service (Commercial) Plan
Performance Based Agreements between UWSCG HQs and Regional Offices
NRW – Reduction Program
• Commercial Loss Reduction Program
Water Safety Plans for major cities with a population over 20,000
PSP/PPP Roadmap
• Objectives of PSP/PPP application
• Review of data
• Review of legal and institutional frameworks
• Review of PSP/PPP options
• Market analysis
• Financial analysis and viability, transaction costs
• Risk analysis
• Contractual framework
• Definition of PSP/PPP selection criteria
• Outline of project schedule and tender procedures
Phase 3 (January 2021 – March 2021)
Establishment of a Data Room (with focus on the PSP/PPP application)

Minimum Qualification Requirements


• Master’s degree in economics, or a related field.
• Minimum of 10 years working experience including a minimum 5 years’ experience in economic due
diligence and PPP economic analyses, with due consideration of customer management issues. Previous
experience in PPP modelling in the water sector will be considered as an advantage.
• working experience in developing countries, preferably in Western Asia will be an advantage.
• Working Experience in Georgia and good knowledge of WSS context will be an advantage.
• Shall be fluent in English. Knowledge of Russian / Georgian will be considered as an advantage.