India nationals: Consultant to Support the Government of Uttar Pradesh in Reviewing Water Supply Systems

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

India 🇮🇳

Expertise: Water Supply Expert
Expertise Group: Engineering

Consultant Source: National
TOR Keywords: Water Supply Engineering

Objective and Purpose of the Assignment

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous State of India with a total population of 199.6 million according to
Census, 2011 out of which 155.1 million live in rural areas and 44.5 million in urban areas. There has
been a net addition of about 10.9 million persons in the urban areas between 2001-2011. Thus, about
16.50% of the total population and 11.80% of the urban population of India reside in Uttar Pradesh.
The percentage of urban population to total population of the State stands at 22.28 as per the 2011
Census whereas, this percentage was 20.78 in 2001, a moderate increase of 1.50 percent during 2001-

  1. Given the large urban population, there is tremendous pressure on urban infrastructure systems
    especially water supply, drainage, sewerage, and solid waste management. Water supply
    connection is available in only approximately 50% of households in Nagar Nigam towns and the non-revenue
    water is estimated at 41%. Only 20% of urban areas are serviced by sewerage systems and only
    73% of the households have toilet facilities. The cities are challenged to provide basic sustainable
    services to the urban citizens at an affordable cost.

Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam on behalf of Urban Development Department (UDD), Government of Uttar Pradesh
(GoUP) has initiated a mission to improve water and sewerage services in the cities of Varanasi, Agra,
Kanpur, and Mathura. The government’s vision is to address the deficiencies in the existing network
including reduction in non-water revenue and addressing water quality issues of potable water. These
multifaceted issues have hindered the delivery of adequate water supply and sewerage services, affecting
the health, well-being, and quality of life of residents.

The Knowledge and Support Technical Assistance (KSTA) 6910-IND: Supporting Institutional Knowledge
Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs would
support the financing for the said expert. The Water Supply Expert being recruited under this KSTA
will assist the UP Jal Nigam and UDD, GoUP in undertaking review of existing water supply
system, conducting due diligence on technical and economic aspects in the four identified

Scope of Work

The consultant will assess and recommend water supply management schemes introducing
international best practices in water supply and demand management, and non-revenue water reduction to
ensure equitable and universal access to water supply in accordance with national flagship AMRUT 2.0
Mission. The expert will (i) lead technical review of existing water supply system, (ii)
recommend latest technology for mapping of underground utilities, (iii) identify
gaps/deficiencies in the existing water supply system, (iv) undertake conditional assessment on sample
basis for assets, (v) work out projected demands of future population/infra/service levels, (vi)
identify broad investment plans (short, medium, and long-term) for meeting future water demands
in a phased manner and funding mechanism, (vii) assess the current institutional set up
and need for capacity building, (viii) Assess institutional and implementation modalities for
construction, operation and maintenance with special attention to technical and financial
sustainability through principles of 3Ts (tariff, taxes and transfer), (ix) assess the current NRW
and recommend ways to minimize, and (x) recommend international best practices in the water supply

Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output

The consultant shall require undertaking the following tasks:

(a) Review available technical feasibility reports of the water supply schemes in four cities;
(b) Visit ULBs in the selected cities and have discussion with key officials and the stakeholders at ULB
level to have physical verification and detailed assessment of the current water supply system;
(c) Discuss with project team / Project Management Consultants, to have clear understanding of the
existing water supply system;
(d) Identify the current NRW and identify gaps/deficiencies in the system and recommend ways to improve
service levels and reduce water losses, capacity of operators to manage water, and improve overall
water conservation and efficiencies;
(e) Identify water related infrastructure and monitoring capacity deficits. The assessment should be
based on international best practices and shed light on issues and constraints to water security, and
provide directions on how the city can achieve MoHUA service level benchmarks for water supply utility
(f) recommend latest technology for mapping of underground utilities;
(g) Assess projected demands of future population/infra/service levels;
(h) identify broad investment plans (short, medium, and long-term) for meeting future water
demands in a phased manner and funding mechanism;
(i) Assess existing tariffs / user charges for water and sewerage services and their adequacy to meet
operation and maintenance costs including mechanism for tariff revisions for financial sustainability;
(j) Support in preparation of EOI/ RFP for on-boarding the agency for master planning and GIS mapping
of the water supply infrastructure in the 4 cities;
(k) Support UPJN to onboard the suitable agency and support in bid process management;
(l) Assess the current institutional set up for construction and operation of water supply
and sewerage assets and identify needs for capacity building and recommendations on
implementation modalities for construction, operation and maintenance; and
(m) Recommend international best practices in the water supply system.

The consultant will provide direct support to the Urban Development Department and UP Jal Nigam
and coordinate activities and outputs with other consultants. The consultant is expected to perform
independently and take initiatives to inform or consult with the ADB project officer on problem
areas and major constraints, and ways forward to achieve intended objectives of the assignment.

Minimum Qualification Requirements

The expert shall have a bachelor’s or a master’s degree preferably in civil engineering or water supply
engineering or related fields. He or she will have minimum 10 years of experience in the water sector,
preferably on ADB-financed projects. Working experience with similar assignments for donor-funded
projects and experience is preferred.

Minimum General Experience: 15 Years
Minimum Specific Experience (relevant to assignment): 10 Years





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