WASH Sector Scoping Study for Domestic Resource Mobilisation (WCARO)

Dakar, , SN

Job Number: 501265 | Vacancy Link
Location: Reg Services Div (WCARO), Dakar
Work Type : Consultancy

If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world’s leading children’s rights organization would like to hear from you.

For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

Purpose of the Assignment

Under the overall supervision of the UNICEF WCARO WASH section and direct supervision of the UNICEF Country offices concerned, and working under the leadership of the Ministries responsible for Water and sanitation in the six concerned countries, the main purpose of the assignment is to provide a basis, backed by evidence, for long term sector financial planning for attainment of the Drinking Water and Sanitation SDGs in the concerned countries.

Key elements of the assignment include:

  1. Developing a WASH financing profile for each of the countries
  2. Conduct an analysis of current financial gaps, market constraints, the countries enabling environment, existing financing mechanisms in the sector, considerations for public, private and philanthropic investors etc.
  1. Assessing the scope and potential options for innovative financing strategies and mechanisms for the sector in the concerned countries
  2. Develop concrete recommendations and options to be considered for the future development of innovative WASH financing mechanisms, with specific recommendations on the role of UNICEF as well as other development partners
  1. Creating awareness and consensus among key stakeholders in six concerned countries of the financing and policy implications for meeting the sustainable development goals for the WASH sector.

The study will involve working closely with the Ministries of Finance and planning, service providers at all levels and financial institutions.


Assignment Tasks

Task 1 – WASH sector financing profile

The consultants will collect relevant secondary data to enable the development of a WASH sector financing profile for each of the six countries under consideration that will form the basis for awareness creation, consensus building, policy formulation and identification and scoping of opportunities for additional domestic resource mobilisation (DRM) for the sector.

The each WASH sub sector, the WASH sector profile will comprise the following:

  • Estimates of the capital costs of meeting the SDGs 6.1 and 6.2
  • Estimates of capital costs of meeting “basic” water and sanitation levels[1]
  • Estimates of current funding levels for capital expenditure broken down by source (tariff, taxes and transfers) and with consideration for targeting the poor (see for example www.waste.nl, and www.susana.org
  • The funding gaps for each subsector

A costing spreadsheet associated with the World Bank costing report cited earlier is available and can help the user make rough cost calculations for a specific country. However the outputs should be interpreted with caution, as the cost categories in the spreadsheet model are based on various assumptions and also might not include some cost items.

The profile will also comprise a scan of the country financing environment to enable subsequent identification and scoping of promising possibilities for additional DRM for the sector. Issues that could be considered in the scan are listed in Annex 1.

Task 2 – Scoping of Domestic resource mobilisation initiatives

Based on prior discussions with various stakeholders in the country (WASH decision makers, financing institutions and service providers) and the scan of the country financing environment, the consultant will identify promising initiatives that could lead to increasing revenues for the sector from existing sources as well as identifying new or emerging opportunities for sector financing. The scoping will consider means of increasing revenues as well as opportunities for raising finance.

Revenue generation and cost reduction:

Taxes: The consultant will assess the current levels of budget allocations to the sector in relation to the desired level and propose development of advocacy strategies aimed at leveraging additional contributions to the WASH sector from budget resources.

Tariffs; The consultant will make a broad assessment of the current levels of tariffs for various WASH services in relation to the levels required for cost recovery and make recommendations as to what measures can be taken to increase tariff based revenues.

Transfers: With a focus on domestic public and private sources the consultant will assess current levels of transfers (grants, charitable contributions etc.) to the sector and propose ways of increasing revenues from such sources.

Increased efficiency: Inefficiencies due to various causes including poor accountability and lack of transparency have long been associated with the WASH sector. The consultant will propose major initiatives aimed at increasing efficiency including but not limited to upgrading infrastructure, anti-corruption and transparency initiatives.

Financing opportunities:

Based on the scan of the country financing environment, and drawing on successful examples elsewhere, the consultant will assess the scope and feasibility for establishment of a local currency denominated financing facility for the sector.

The consultant will also assess the scope for greater involvement of the commercial banking sector and the domestic capital market in the financing of WASH operations including working capital for small scale service providers.

For all of the above mentioned categories, the consultant will make an assessment of the feasibility of implementation taking into account the current level of revenues (or financing) and the scope for revenue generation or financing volumes and the level of input required.

 Task 3 – Awareness creation and consensus building

Towards the end of the assignment, the consultant will facilitate a stakeholder workshop aimed at fulfilling the following objectives:

  1. Making key stakeholders aware of the financing implications for achieving the SDGs for drinking water and sanitation.
  2. Improving the level of understanding of the range of policy choices that are available to the country towards meeting the SDGs
  3. Agreeing on promising innovations or initiatives that could be further developed with a view to mobilizing domestic resources for the sector.
  4. Developing a road map for mobilizing financial resources for the sector.

The workshop should bring together key decision makers in the WASH sector, financing institutions (banks, pension funds), and WASH service providers as a means increasing WASH sector players’ understanding of the financing sector and at the same time introducing finance sector stakeholders to investment possibilities in the WASH sector.


Expected Deliverables

Deliverable 1. Inception and Methodology Report (5 working days, home-based)

Deliverable 2. Study Final report. International consultant : 45 working days in-country (15 days/ country for three countries) and 5 working days, home-based for the final report.

 The Study Final Report should incorporate the following elements:

  1. A country WASH sector financing profile
  2. Review of policy options related to the costs of for meeting the SDGs and the implications of each option.
  3. A Scoping of promising DRM initiatives and recommendations for follow up (additional studies etc.)
  4. Recommendations for further studies aimed at addressing data gaps (e.g. Finance tracking and costing studies)
  5. Report of inception and validation workshops


Qualifications of Successful Candidate


  • Post graduate degree in finance, economics, management or relevant WASH related disciplines;

Years of relevant experience

  • at least 10 years of experience in finance, economics and policy formulation and working with high ranking officials, for example in management, in line ministries, donors etc.
  • Experience in WASH programming or other sectors.

To view our competency framework, please click here

Please indicate your ability, availability and daily/monthly rate (in US$) to undertake the terms of reference above (including travel and daily subsistence allowance, if applicable).  Applications submitted without a daily/monthly rate will not be considered.

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

Opening Date 15 Nov 2016 GMT Standard Time
Closing Date 29 Nov 2016 GMT Standard Time