Turkmenistan is a water stressed country and has one of the harshest climates in the Central Asian region. Climate change modeling indicates significant increases in temperature and reduction in rainfall. Temperatures are expected to increase by 20C by 2040, with precipitation declining across all agro-ecological zones by 8-17 percent between 2040 and 2100, which coupled with increase in temperature, will lead to a decrease in total volume of water availability that is likely to have a profound impact on agricultural production systems and local farmers. The long-term solution envisaged by the Government of Turkmenistan is to mainstream climate change adaptation at the community, district, provincial and national levels in order to secure climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities.
The project, ‘Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan’ started in June 2016 and is scheduled to finish in June 2021. The project is financed by the Special Climate change Fund (SCCF), managed by the Global Environment Facility, and implemented through the United Nations Development Programme.
Through knowledge management, investment, and policy reform, this project seeks to promote an integrated approach to efficient water management and climate resilient practices, reduces root causes of land degradation, and enhances local livelihoods. Grant financing from the SCCF amounts of US$ 3.046 million. Co-financing of US$20.0 million has been committed from various sources. Through various interventions, the project aims to directly strengthen the adaptive capacity and reduce the vulnerability of around 40,000 to 50,000 persons (of which around 51.2% would be women) in the Lebap and Dashoguz velayats (provinces). Improved water efficiency and crop production systems will bring approximately 20,000 ha of agricultural and 500,000 ha of pastoral lands under climate resilient technologies resulting in a real net household income increase of at least 15% for participating households.
The project’s activities are organized into three components:
The first component of the project is aimed at preparing the communities and the responsible government organizations to be able to identify and respond to climate change threats. The intent is to complement existing baseline activities, by facilitating the mainstreaming of climate risks considerations into the design and management of water, land and pasture development efforts, in particular at the ground level, so as to enhance community resilience and adaptive capacity.
Lebap and Dashoguz velayats of the country were selected for piloting climate adaptation activities under the project because they have been experiencing water shortages and severe weather conditions and are considered important agricultural production areas of the country. A set of adaptation measures implemented in three (3) farmers associations – Yagtylyk, Watan and Parahat and one Garagum livestock farm.
Two (2) Agricultural Information Centers (AICs) – one in each selected velayat – were established. AICs are seen as conduits of knowledge sharing on new technologies, innovations and practices, as well as “platforms” for partnership development in the field of agricultural extension services, facilitating outreach to targeted farmers.
In 2018 four (4) gender mainstreamed Local Adaptation Plans (LAPs) were developed and adopted by the pilot daikhan associations, serving as a basis for the adaptation measures. LAPs adopted in the pilot areas unleashing the socio-economic dividends from promoting adaptation actions. This endeavour is backboned by the parallel work on providing quality advice on farming processes and building a local think tank to ensure more systemic response to the existent knowledge gaps. Special attention is given to boosting the women’s role in newly emerging farming opportunities, in particular with regard to supporting female entrepreneurs and female-headed households. Based on LAPs local communities prepared and submitted 25 grant proposals, 21 out of which have ben supported by the project in late 2019.
While the first component defines the technical opportunity and priorities for replication, the second component support more directly the integration of climate resilient policies and measures into the water and agriculture sectors as well as local level planning systems.
During period 2017-2019 large number of training events were conducted covered such topics as: (a) monitoring and assessment of the soil degradation; (b) development of inter-farm water use plans; (c) planning for water use with consideration of climatic-soil conditions through application of AQUACROP modelling tool by UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); (d) alternative livelihoods; etc. Field days to pilot sites were organized regularly, devoted to innovative water-saving technologies, and measurement of the water inflow in the irrigated canals.
The project supported legislative and regulatory improvements. The existing Land Code (2004) was reviewed in the light of the impact of climate change. The Law of Turkmenistan on the Land Cadaster was drafted with the support of the project and got adopted in November 2017. In addition, project assisted to draft the Regulation on the Procedures of the State Land Cadaster, a package of amendments to the Laws on Farmers (daikhan) associations and Farmers (daikhan) economic unions; the “Methodological guidance on soil evaluation and economic assessment of arable lands”. Additionally, the “Model contract for the supply of irrigation water to water users” and a Model agreement for land leasing were revised in respect to the climate change and water use with modern water saving technologies.
The third component initially designed for operationalization of NEPAAM, including the identified priority adaptation programs, was replaced with more targetable one, i.e. support to the Government of Turkmenistan to update the current National Climate Change Strategy adopted in 2012 taking into account the recent national reforms, acceptance of Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement as well as recent climate change observations.
The National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) was revised with the support of the project and adopted in September 2019.
In 2020 the project will continue work on preparation LAPs for newly selected three farmers associations and one livestock farm building on gender analysis to ensure more active engagement of women in sustainable water and land management practices. As before, the project will support LAP through allocation of small-grants to local communities promoting economically viable and climate-friendly agricultural practices and farming businesses in the two regions of the country.
In 2020the project will support national partners on drafting by-laws coming from Water Code and Land Code, in addition to work on national legislation carried out since project start.
According to Mid-term recommendation conducted in 2019, the project will support Turkmenistan Government in updating the Nationally determined contributions to Paris Agreement as part of Component 3.
Duties and Responsibilities
The objective of the assignment is to support and guide UNDP and the project management in implementation of the project and its different sub-components and activities ensuring that they comply with the agreed benchmarks and success indicators of the project as well as international best practices and lessons learnt. The expected level of involvement will be up to 80 days (including four 7-day missions) within this assignment.
Under the direct supervision of Project Manager and overall supervision of UNDP Programme Specialist on Environment, the consultant’s specific responsibilities, among others, will be to provide overall support to the local project management team in implementation of the project’s different sub-components, including support to the project manager in the preparation of the project reports and the annual output specific work plans, drafting of Terms of Reference for the local and, as needed, additional international experts and subcontractors, required tender documents etc. More concretely, the consultant is tasked to:
IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING SUPPORT:
PARTNERSHIP, COMMUNICATION AND VISIBILITY SUPPORT:
11. Provide analysis and recommendations in relation to linking with other relevant programs, so that experiences can be shared, project’s visibility in a larger setting ensured, and best practices utilized so as to maximize the impact of the project in accordance with AWP, activities # 2.1.1. Task Deliverables: Project plans include and implement measures based on information and experience sharing with relevant programmes, contribute project’s visibility and ensure application of best practices;
12. Facilitates liaison and networking between and among the key stakeholders and other individuals involved in the project implementation. Task Deliverables: Section in a mission report details the extent and scale of stakeholder engagement in project implementation, challenges in stakeholder engagement and ways for the project to address them;
13. Provide technical input for further resource mobilization and policy advice on relevant donors. Task Deliverables: Section in a mission report defining clear steps and recommendations for project manager and UNDP to focus on in resource mobilization and partnership development endeavors;
14. Provide technical inputs and support to Project Manager and Communication Associate in ensuring production of quality and timely communication products and outputs, as well as tools for promoting project visibility in accordance with AWP, activities #1.5.2. Task Deliverables: project reports, communication plan and products as per approved Communication plan;
Component 1: Climate related socio-economic outcomes improýed in target agricultural communities in Lebap and Dashoguz velayats through the implementation of community-based adaptation solutions:
Component 2: Climate adaptation measures mainstreamed in agricultural and water sector development strategy and policy:
Component 3: National Capacity for iterative national adaptation planning established:
Deliverables and timeframe:
The international consultant should deliver a quarterly report at the end of each quarter to the project manager based on the agreed work/action plan of the assignment, indicating which of the key deliverables have been carried out or partially carried out. The average number of days to be worked each quarter should be 20 working days. The duration of the contract should be 12 months. The total number of days to be worked is 80 working days of which at least 28 working days should be spent in Ashgabat and Turkmenistan. The minimum 28 working days to be spent in country (4 missions in the country) does not include travel days.
This is an installment-based contract that should cover the costs of consultancy required to produce the above deliverables. The final schedule of payments will be agreed upon in the beginning of consultancy but in general payment is expected on a quarterly basis following submission of the quarterly report together with associated deliverables. The calendar of deliverables and schedule and number of associated payments is subject to changes and revisions based on the consultant’s proposed methodology to implement the assignment and the assignment action plan to be agreed and cleared by UNDP provided that the overall number of days to be worked should not exceed 80 working days and the number of deliverables should not be reduced from what is in this TOR.
Duration of the contract is 12 months. The consultant will be engaged under the Individual Contract, immediately after the completion of the selection process. The contract will be issued for a period of 12 months from the start date of the assignment. The expected level of involvement will be up to 80 days within this assignment, of which a minimum of 28 working days must be based in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. The final schedule of missions and number of days per mission as well as the timeline for deliverables shall be agreed with the project manager and UNDP CO upon contract signing. The contract may be subject to renewal based on the performance and project needs.
The consultant will be expected to provide long-distance advice (Maximum: 52 days) and in-country consultations (Minimum 28 days with minimum of 4 missions in the country) for a total of 80 days over a 12 months period. Therefore, the consultant is expected to be able to travel to Ashgabat and project sites, pursuant to the work plan of project’s activities and as agreed with the project manager and UNDP CO. During the assignment, the international consultant is expected to undertake missions to Ashgabat and project sites (Lebap and Dashoguz regions).
Required Skills and Experience
Submission of applications:
Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications:
All experts applying for this position are required to provide:
Note (Conflict of Interest): Any individual who participated in the project preparation, formulation, and/or implementation (including the writing of the Project Document) is ineligible to participate in this bidding.
Evaluation of proposals:
Individual Consultants will be evaluated based on the combined scoring methodology. When using this method, the award of the contract should be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as:
Out of the maximum score, the score for technical criteria equals 70% – maximum 70 points, and for financial criteria 30%
The technical evaluation will take into account the following as per the scoring provided:
Financial proposal – 30% of total evaluation.
Additional requirements for recommended contractor:
Recommended contractors aged 65 and older, and if the travel is required, shall undergo a full medical examination including x-ray, and obtain medical clearance from the UN-approved doctor prior to taking up their assignment. The medical examination is to be cleared by the UN physicians, and shall be paid by the consultant.
International Chief Technical Advisor (ICTA)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
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