1. BACKGROUND / RATIONALE
Ministry of Jal Shakti was formed in June 2019 with two Departments: Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS). Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has been launched by Ministry of Jal Shakti, Government of India. JJM the flagship scheme of the Government seeks not only to provide functional household tap connections for all but also to promote the holistic management of local water resources. Under JJM water conservation, reuse measures are made mandatory to the scheme design. As per DDWS as on 31st March 2019, only 18.33 percent of rural households in the country, have Piped Water Supply (PWS). It has been planned to provide around 14.60 crore rural households with functional household tap connection (FHTC) through Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) by 2024. In Chhattisgarh, the total number of rural habitations is 74,619 of which 20 percent of habitations are fully covered with PWS and around 9 percent of total households have individual household pipe water supply connection. The goal is that every home gets drinking water in adequate quantity i.e. 55 liter per capita per day (lpcd) on a regular and long-term basis.
Various schemes and sub-missions under ester while NRDWP viz. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for low income states (RWSSP-LIS), National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM), Japanese Encephalitis – Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (JE-AES), Swajal, Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance (WQM&S) and all support activities under NRDWP has been subsumed into JJM. The JJM emphasises on community participation and making it as a movement- a Jan Andolon. As per JJM guideline at grassroot level local communities especially women are to be encouraged to participate and take ownership of water resource management, water supply and grey water management and its reuse. The Implementation Support Agencies (ISA) like NGO, SHGs, CBOs, Voluntary Organisations, Trusts, Foundations will play critical role as partner of Government in mobilising and engaging the communities to plan, design, implement, manage, operate and maintain in village water supply infrastructure.
To achieve the objective of providing improved and sustainable drinking water services in rural communities through JJM, it is important to focus on water quality management, source sustainability, sustainable service delivery (operation and maintenance), building professional capacity and strengthening decentralized governance through Panchayati Raj Institutions and community involvement. With the above background UNICEF proposes to engage services of a consultant, to provide technical support at State PHED / Panchayati Raj Department and UNICEF supported districts (Bastar, Dantewada, Rajnandgaon, Narayanpur and Gariyaband) in planning and implementation of JJM scheme.
2. PURPOSE OF ASSIGNMENT
The rationale for hiring services of an expert is to provide technical support for coordinated planning and implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) by PHED and Panchayati Raj Department at state level and supportive hand holding and supervision in UNICEF supported districts.
3. PROGRAMME AREA AND SPECIFIC PROJECT AREA
Program area: Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
Outcome: Proportion of rural population using a safely managed drinking water service (SDG 6.1.1, SP Indicator Q)
Output: By 2022 the government and partners are able to plan and implement the delivery of equitable, gender responsive safe drinking water in selected settings targeting the most deprived families and households.
Activity: 2.1. Technical Support to PHED for creating support systems for Jal Jeeval Mission implementation
WBS: 2040/A0/06/300/302/701 (RR)
The key objectives include:
- To support the state in strategic planning and rolling of Jal Jeevan Mission;
- To support state in improving its capacity of Implementation Support Agency (ISA) to scale up community management initiatives in piped water supply schemes under JJM;
- Support districts for strengthening the monitoring mechanism of functional water quality monitoring and surveillance system;
- Coordination with PHED and Panchayati Raj Department (DoPR) on successful implementation of JJM;
- Support state in monitoring of the regularity of testing of minimum number of water samples a month and feedback provided to community for taking corrective action; work in collaboration with the agency involved in laboratory improvement,
- Give hand holding support, oversee the capacity building of officials on water safety and security planning, supportive supervision of JJM implementation in UNICEF intervening districts.
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