Institutions based in India: Land use change analysis in the Barak-Meghna basin in India

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Position Type: 
Organization Type: 
International Organization
Experience Level: 
Senior (10+ Years)


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TOR: To conduct land use change analysis in the Barak-Meghna basin in India (including the state of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Tripura) and draft a report with GIS maps demonstrating these changes.

Duration of contract: 5 months

Last date for EOI submission: 23 January 2020

Send your EOI in the format suggested in Annex 1.

Background Information:

Building River Dialogue and Governance (BRIDGE) in the Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin, or BRIDGE GBM, is an initiative facilitated by IUCN and funded by the Transboundary Rivers of South Asia (TROSA) programme of Oxfam. The goal of the BRIDGE GBM initiative is to create an enabling environment for cooperative governance of shared river basins for poverty reduction and ecological conservation.

The Meghna is a transboundary river shared by India and Bangladesh. The total area drained by the Meghna river basin is 82,000 km2, of which 47,000 km2 (57% of the total area) is located in India and 35,000 km2 (43% of the total area) is in Bangladesh.  The Meghna basin is notable for the number of transboundary tributaries it contains. At least 29 named rivers flow into the Bangladesh part of the watershed from India.  The Indian part of the basin includes six different north-eastern states of India: Meghalaya; Manipur; Mizoram; Nagaland; Tripura; and the Barak valley in Assam.

In July 2018, IUCN initiated a multi-stakeholder dialogue process to support the development of a benefit sharing framework for the cooperative governance of the Meghna basin. A report, Opportunities for Benefit Sharing in the Meghna Basin (Bangladesh and India), was published by IUCN in November 2018 to support the Meghna dialogue process by providing information on the Meghna profile and specific benefit sharing opportunities that exist at the transboundary level. Following the publication of this report, IUCN initiated the development of an informal multidisciplinary dialogue platform, the Meghna Advisory Group (AG), to guide the development of the benefit sharing framework. The Meghna AG includes key stakeholders from Bangladesh and India, from the governments, the academic sector and civil society organizations. The meeting of the Meghna AG (January 2019, Shillong) identified knowledge gaps and priority areas for further investigation and collaborative research in the Meghna basin. An analysis of basin-wide land use and socio-ecological change in the Meghna Basin was identified as a priority issue. The outcomes of the ‘Land Use Change Analysis in the Meghna Basin’ will be consolidated in the form of atlas. It is expected that the atlas will help bridge existing knowledge gaps in the basin and will also provide a simple decision support tool for policy makers and planners.

Primary Objective:  To conduct land use-land cover (LU-LC) change analysis and develop a Meghna Basin thematic atlas (1:50000 scale) using GIS technology.

To undertake the basin-wide land-use-change analysis, two organizations, one each from Bangladesh and India, will work together on following activities.


  1. Development of common legend and projection system;
  • Legend development for land cover/land use classification system: Bangladesh and India use different systems to generate their respective LU/LC data, a common legend or set of land cover classes for analysis will be developed.
  • Define the projection system for the development of sub-basin maps
  1. Edge matching and harmonization of sub-basin boundaries
  • Edge mapping along the international border line (buffer zone will be delineated for this purpose). The land cover classes within the buffer zone will be defined jointly with IUCN and partners.
  • Harmonisation of basin and sub-basin boundaries: As thematic maps will be prepared for sub-basins, harmonisation of basin and sub-basin boundaries will be through dialogue and consensus among the experts from Bangladesh and Indian.
  1. Land Cover Mapping of 2019 - Image Segmentation and Interpretation
  2. Change analysis: Review the available LU/LC data/maps from 2005 onwards to identify hot spots and drivers of change in the basin for the six different time durations (A to F): 2005 – 2010 (A); 2005 – 2015 (B); 2005 – 2019 (C); 2010 – 2015 (D); 2010 – 2019 (E); and 2015 – 2019 (F).
  • This step will use socio-ecological data and information from different sectors such as fisheries and navigation generated through the research and consultation process initiated by IUCN and partners.
  1. Draft a report summarizing outcomes of the land use change analysis in the Meghna basin (India part) with maps, and presentation of final result at the Meghna Knowledge Forum in May 2020.


  1. Present the methodology and preliminary findings of the land use change analysis in the Meghna basin Advisory Group Meeting
  2. First draft of report on land use change analysis in Barak-Meghna basin India with GIS maps identifying main drivers and hotspot of changes at the basin level.
  3. Present the final results at the Meghna Knowledge Forum (April 2020)
  4. Draft of the land-use-change analysis report after incorporating feedback received at the Meghna Knowledge Forum 2020 and from IUCN.

Desired experience and qualifications

The consultancy is open to institutions based in India, with the following expertise:

  • Expertise in integrated environmental analysis using technologies such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS) and Information Technology (IT).
  • Demonstrated experience of working in collaboration with government ministries and departments, as well as non-governmental organisations (NGOs), in the respective countries.
  • More than 10 years of experience in satellite communication applications services in the Meghna basin, in areas such as disaster management support and developmental communication.