WASH Enterprise Specialist

Manila, , PH


Oxfam’s regional WASH programs are at the early stages of incorporating markets-based approaches to WASH, focusing on the creation of sustainable and equitably-priced WASH enterprises, the creation of pro-poor financing models for WASH goods and services, and support to small and medium size WASH enterprises to deliver safe and high-quality services to vulnerable populations.

To support Oxfam’s WASH teams in the Asia Region to better plan and design enterprise-based WASH programs, this assignment focuses on the development of framework models for the creation of WASH enterprises and support to the resilience of informal traders and service providers, as well as the identification of potential regional- and country-level partnerships to provide direct and indirect support.

Purpose and Objectives:

Throughout Asia, increasing numbers of people (particularly in urban areas) rely on market systems for access to essential WASH services, particularly poor and vulnerable populations who are not served by public water and sewerage systems.  Barriers to access are often financial in nature, while a lack of regulation leaves the quality of these services questionable. 

The overall purpose of this assignment is to develop framework models for Oxfam’s WASH teams within Asia Region, focused on creating and supporting small and medium-sized WASH enterprises to be providers of high-quality, equitably-priced goods and services.  This piece of work shall develop models for demonstrating how to link these enterprises to the wider value chain and market system and sustainable business models.  It will also investigate possible models for supporting the resilience of informal market actors (critical to both WASH and food security/livelihoods) in chronically vulnerable areas.

Oxfam has ongoing or recently completed markets-based WASH programs in: Philippines; Indonesia; Bangladesh; and Nepal.   The consultant will build on this existing work and other information in pursuit of the following objectives:

  • Identify potential partnerships with institutes/organizations in  Asia region to provide ongoing support to country programs on markets-based WASH programming (both humanitarian and development) in the following topics: value chain analysis; market research; WASH enterprise development; capacity building of WASH-related small & medium sized enterprises (SMEs); development of business plans for sustainable WASH enterprises; training for Oxfam WASH staff on enterprise support and development;

  • Develop business models for existing WASH enterprises in the region for scale-up, as well as support proposal development for the same, in:  Bangladesh; Nepal; Indonesia; Pakistan, Myanmar (this list may be modified). 

  • Create a guidance document for Oxfam’s WASH teams in Asia region which outlines the minimum assessment, research and analysis  work necessary to plan and design sustainable and profitable WASH enterprises;

  • Develop framework Terms of Reference for formative economic research (e.g. value chain analysis, barrier analysis, ability/willingness to pay surveys, etc.) linking to behavioral studies to inform and design markets-based WASH programs with Oxfam GB WASH programs;

  • Identify potential partnerships with private sector partners critical to the urban WASH market chain development in Asia region;

  • Conduct research of potential social enterprise/ business to link with informal traders related to Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods (EFSVL).  Specific products will be agreed upon discussion with Regional EFSVL Technical Coordinator.

  • Suggest model for potential partnership with social enterprise/ business  to build EFSVL related – informal traders’ resilience to disaster/crisis

 Expected Outputs

At the end of the consultancy, the consultant will produce the following outputs:

  1. Report with potential partnership models to provide market-related support to Oxfam WASH programs;

  2. Guidance document for establishment of WASH enterprises, including framework ToRs for formative economic research;

  3. Report on suggested WASH enterprise models for specified countries within the region;

  4. Report and suggested model(s) resulting from the research of EFSVL related informal traders

Essential Qualifications:

  • B.S.(or higher) in Economics or similar course of study;

  • Demonstrated experience in the creation of finance products for WASH products/services

  • Demonstrated experience in the creation of, and support to, WASH-related business enterprises in areas of chronic vulnerability;

  • Demonstrated experience in the development of pro-poor financing models for equitable and affordable access to WASH goods/services;

  • Demonstrated experience in creating multi-stakeholder partnerships with financial institutions, private sector actors, academic institutions and government institutions;

  • Expertise in value chain analysis and market research;

  • Experience in developing sustainable business models with informal water and sanitation actors;