Local recruitment: Environmental Economist

The World Bank
Jakarta, Indonesia
Position Type: 
Organization Type: 
International Organization
Experience Level: 
Mid-Level (5-7 Years)
Degree Required: 
Advanced Degree (Master's or JD)


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Established in 1944, the WBG is one of the world’s largest sources of funding and knowledge for development solutions. In fiscal year 2018, the WBG committed $67 billion in loans, grants, equity investments and guarantees to its members and private businesses, of which $24 billion was concessional finance to its poorest members. It is governed by 188-member countries and delivers services out of 120 offices with nearly 15,000 staff located globally. 

The WBG consists of five specialized institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). The World Bank is organized into six client-facing Regional Vice-Presidencies, several corporate functions and thirteen Global Practices to bring best-in-class knowledge and solutions to regional and country clients.

Sustainable environment and natural resources management (ENRM) is at the heart of the WBG's poverty agenda. Biodiversity and natural resources constitute the social safety net of the poor, representing a food bank and often their only source of livelihood.   Sustainable ENRM promotes a green, clean, and resilient world where natural resources – from forests to fisheries, freshwater, oceans, coastal zones and ecosystems – are managed to support livelihoods and strong economies. Sustainable ENRM builds a world better prepared for shocks and global challenges, helping countries limit their exposure to resource scarcity, more-volatile weather patterns, and the long-term consequences of climate change.  

The Environment & Natural Resources (ENR) Global Practice has been set-up to deliver on the opportunities, benefits and outcomes offered by enhanced management of the environment and natural resources. The ENR GP has close to 300 operations under management, representing close to $7 billion, and a growing pipeline of new investments under active development. The practice consists of some 300 staff across the world plus numerous other staff in other Practices and Cross Cutting SAs that are professionally associated with it.  ENR GP also manages the environmental risk aspects of about 2000 projects in the World Bank’s global portfolio.  About 150 staff work specifically on environmental risk management safeguards. 

The Environment & Natural Resources Global Practice has three broad and distinct functions:  
1. Provides clients with lending and non-lending services aimed to support the GP’s three core business lines, namely: (i) Forests, Watersheds and Sustainable Landscapes; (ii) Marine, Coastal and Aquatic Resources; and (iii) Pollution Management and Environmental Health. The GP’s activities also include a focus on Clean and Resilient Growth through its work on environmental economics and support to institutional development.  
2. Supports effective environmental risk management and sustainability by managing risk at the project level and creating opportunities to advance sustainable development, in part through the implementation of the Bank’s environmental policies. 
3. Works closely with other sectors, including by leveraging GEF grant financing, to mainstream environmental considerations into their policies, strategies, and operations. 
ENRM activities in East Asia and the Pacific accounts for a substantial part of the ENR Global Practice’s business: 
• delivery of about 10 operations per year, amounting to about $500 million annually; 
• an active dialogue on regional issues, such as climate change, coastal and marine economies, improving governance of natural resources, watershed management, pollution management, and wealth accounting and valuation of ecosystem services; and 
• about 61 active projects in the portfolio, amounting to around $1.8 billion. 

A key characteristic of the Bank program in the region is a high level of decentralization.  About 60% of staff is located in the field, and about 45% of operations are managed and led from the field. The underpinning of this decentralization rests on four main pillars: 
• better integration at the field level to provide greater synergies and integrated responses; 
• a decentralized management structure supported by regional and global knowledge;   
• provision of faster responses and management decisions to our clients; and 
• ensuring environment and natural resources dimensions are at the forefront in the region given the large urbanization and decentralization trend in almost all countries, the need to better incorporate environment and natural resources priorities in the fast growing economy and huge demand for infrastructure where governance issues and growing income disparities between urban centers and rural areas could undermine the growth potential. 

Note:This position is a locally recruited position, not an internationally recruited position, in the World Banks hiring structure.  The position would be based in Jakarta, Indonesia.  Locally recruited positions are paid in local currency at salaries based on the local salary markets, and are not eligible for expatriate relocation benefits.  Locally recruited staff are not expected to relocate regularly, as is required of internationally recruited staff.

Regional Context:
The East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region presents a dramatic illustration of the global dynamics, opportunities and risks of the 21st century. After making the fastest progress in growth and poverty reduction of any region around the world in the last fifteen years, some countries in the region – such as Mongolia – are poised to become middle-income, and some are preparing to join the small group of high-income countries. Such a rapid transformation is leading to the largest shift in rural-to-urban population in human history, generating rising inequality within and across countries, leaving individuals and regions behind in the dash for prosperity.  Meanwhile, the uncertainty in the advanced economies clouds the prospects for countries across the region which are being forced to adjust to changed growth and development prospects while addressing evolving impacts on macroeconomic stability, employment and poverty. 

EAP comprises of more than 20 countries, including China, several MICs, LICs, and fragile states (EAP has the second highest number of fragile states amongst all the Bank regions – 6 of 7 are in the Pacific). The Region is characterized by generally rapid growth, both sophisticated and low capacity borrowers, and some highly dynamic sectors. At the same time, EAP countries are faced with weak governance environments. The Bank's program in EAP is multi-faceted and has grown rapidly in recent years: annual new lending in FY18 exceeded $6.0 billion; the existing portfolio consists of about 250 operations with a value of about $12 billion; and the TF program is significant (with a portfolio of about $1.2 billion).  EAP consists of over 1000 staff with 25% in Washington and 75% based in the country offices in the six Country Management Units. 

Unit and Country Context:
The Environment and Natural Resources Unit for East Asia and Pacific (EAP GENE1) covers China, Indonesia and the Pacific, comprising about 30 staff working on environmental safeguards as well as on lending and analytics and advisory services (ASA). About 60 percent of our staff are based in the field offices of EAP. We comprise of specialists in economics, pollution management, forestry, fisheries management, landscapes management, watershed management, natural areas protection, and more.  

You will be based in Indonesia and work within the Indonesia Sustainable Landscapes Program. Indonesia is a global epi-center of terrestrial (and marine) biodiversity, yet its natural wealth is under threat from deforestation, degradation, pollution and haze from forest and peat fires, and effects of climate change. Indonesia is also a globally significant source of GHG emissions. Two thirds of Indonesia's emissions come from land use change.  

In addition, the country's fisheries sector is the second largest in the world, and plays a meaningful role in national poverty elimination, food security and employment. Fisheries and marine and coastal (MAC) assets are also tied closely with Indonesia's tourism sector and culture. However, recent analysis suggests that Indonesia's ocean-related sectors are suffering from illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, high production costs, wastage, and inefficient management which could lead to threatened natural ecosystems and unsustainable tourism.  

The government of Indonesia (GII) has developed a series of ambitious actions to reduce fire, conserve and restore peatlands, and reduce incentives for clearing through e.g. demarcation of forest areas. In support of this, our Sustainable Landscapes Program includes a substantial mix of diverse programming, including advisory services and trust funded projects focused on everything from carbon finance/REDD to land management. In 2010, the GOI accepted financing from the government of Norway to reduce GHG emissions from deforestation.  

In parallel efforts on oceans, the government is bringing together various oceans-related sectors under the recently-created Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs. In addition, the GOI is working to reduce Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing, developing a marine debris action plan, and working with the Bank on sector reforms and cross-sector investments to protect and manage MAC assets.

Duties and Responsibilities:

As an environmental economist stationed in Jakarta, you will support our growing country environment program. You will support the renewable natural resource management agenda, including forests/REDD+ and oceans, and support GOI activities, policies and capacity development to control deforestation and improve land management, as well as better enhance management of coastal and oceans resources. This includes supporting GOI’s efforts to develop and implement jurisdictional-scale REDD+ pilots in East Kalimantan and Jambi, among other activities.
Your key responsibilities will be to: 
• Conduct in-depth economic analysis of environmental and natural resource management issues in Indonesia. 
•  Conduct natural resource policy dialogue and manage effective communication with the government and other partners (NGOs, the private sector, international organizations, and more) in the Bank’s environment or natural resources portfolio, with a strong focus on forestry, fisheries, land use, climate change and resilience. This includes coordination with other financiers, and review of sector policies, strategies, and legislation. 
• Support and/or possibly lead the development and implementation of environment or natural resources operations, technical assistance or analytical work, including participation in preparation and supervision missions. 
• Develop a personal training program to stay on top of World Bank procedures, and environment and natural resources/climate change research and knowledge. 
• Organize training or knowledge sharing events, and help the country office staff with various tasks specific to the management of the office. 
• Provide and mobilize strategic technical assistance in support of client’s needs to improve capacity for landscape management and climate change, and fisheries/coastal zone management, from within and outside the Bank’s global network. 
• Produce input for and present major/complex reports, including the supervision, coordination and quality control of consultant reports. 
• Work independently under general direction of Sustainable Landscapes and Oceans MDTF TTL, and guide and mentor more junior staff. 
• Contribute to knowledge sharing, dissemination and awareness raising activities with key clients.

Selection Criteria

• Advanced degree (PhD or Masters) in environment or natural resource economics, public policy with economics courses or equivalent is required.  
• A minimum of 5 years of full-time relevant professional experience using economic principles and analytical skills to inform policy, program development, operations and partner engagement in the environment/natural resources field. 
• Knowledge of environmental, land/natural resources management and related social issues, policies, data and institutions in Indonesia 
• Experience in community development/empowerment, as well as prior policy engagement with key government counterparts and multi-disciplinary teams. 
• Excellent English and Indonesian (Bahasa) language skills (writing, speaking, listening and reading). 
• Ability to work independently and with a team with limited supervision. 
• Strong social, facilitation, and communication skills. 
• Willingness to travel extensively, including to rural and remote areas. 

• Proven project management / operational skills and familiarity with Bank procedures and business practices, including the WBG safeguard policies. 
• Experience in REDD+ and valuation of ecosystem services. 
• Demonstrated experience working on policy or investment initiatives anchored in environment and natural resources-related sectors, including forestry, agriculture, water, and other environmental services. 
• Understanding of fiscal policy, fiscal transfers and Indonesian budget and macroeconomic frameworks. 
• Prior engagements with Ministry of Finance. 

Competencies (Level GF, Environmental Economist): 
• Knowledge and Experience in Development Arena  
• Policy Dialogue Skills  
• Environmental Economics  
• Environmental Policy, Strategy and Institutions  
• Environmental Sciences  
• Natural Resources Management 
• Biodiversity  
• Environment / Climate / Carbon Finance 
• Project Design for Impact and Sustainability 
• Sector Dialogue  
• Operational Project Management 
• Operational Policies Application to the Project Cycle (fiduciary, disbursement, safeguard and GAC policies)  
• Knowledge of Relevant Operational Policy and Associated Good Practices  
• Strategic and Technical Analyses for Country/Sector Issues 
• Business Judgment and Analytical Decision-Making