Sustainable Financing Consultancy

Mbabane, Eswatini 🇸🇿

Swaziland’s formal Protected Areas (PAs) cover approximately 4.1% of the country’s total land area, and are relatively rich in biodiversity with their share of endemism as represented in various ecosystems. Furthermore, the country has set targets for the conservation of its ecosystems and species in line with the National Development Strategy, Vision 2022 and other international targets such as the Aichi Targets under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity. While some of the critical ecosystems and species are found in existing PAs, some are found in areas where there is prone to unstainable utilization and overexploitation of resources, thereby threatening livelihoods and impeding sustainable development.

The Strengthening National Protected Areas Systems (SNPAS) in Swaziland is a six years (2014-2020) Project funded by GEF aims at developing, expanding and effectively managing the capacities of Swaziland’s PAs network in order to adequately protect the biodiversity. This will be undertaken through the “landscapes” approach towards sustainable development and will involve integrated land and natural resource management that transforms the current PA patchwork into a network and enhance vulnerable communities’ livelihoods, in particular those adjacent to the PAs.  

The SNPAS Project has been organised around three components: (i) knowledge-based platform operationalised at the national, regional and community levels to address current and emerging threats to PAs and biodiversity conservation; (ii Expansion of PA network, and (iii) strengthening PA functioning through improved conservation management and operational support for existing and new PAs, including both formal and informal. PAs will be established and managed in critical biodiversity areas as clusters, integrating different sites that are managed by the Government of Swaziland (GoS), the private sector and local communities and enable a matrix of complemental land-use activities across board.

At the epicentre of the SNPAS project is creation of sustainable livelihoods for income generation opportunities while addressing biodiversity conservation, revolving around PAs. This requires an assessment of both biodiversity and ecological, and ‘business’ capacities for both the existing PAs and surrounding communities to support wealth creation opportunities through informed planning. In this regard, the technical services of a Sustainable Financing Consultant are being sought to develop the ‘business’ case fundamental through selected financial mechanisms and capacity building to lead to an increase in the financial benefits of protected areas, informal PAs and adjacent communities.


To develop sustainable financing mechanisms through improved management of protected areas and capacities for ecologically biodiversity viable entities.


The consultant will conduct a capacity need assessment and develop score cards and business plans, for entities and communities under the Swaziland National Trust Commission, SNPAS Project. This will be undertaken with an aim of attracting the investment needed to establish long-term sources of income to the existing PAs, newly established PAs and the Informal PAs, and both private or in community land. 


Duties and Responsibilities

Working under the guidance of the Swaziland National Trust Commission (SNTC), Project Steering Committee (PSC) with day-to-day support from the National Project Manager/ Project Managers, the consultant will specifically have the following tasks: 

  • Conduct an analysis of the potential of increasing tourism as a source of PA finance, in particular tourism business and market chains (national, regional, and international best practice);
  • Identify the goods, services and markets as well as economic values of protected areas in Swaziland;
  • Identify existing PAs, informal PAs and new PAs, in both communal and privately-owned land capacity needs for sustainable financing, listing major challenges for development and management of business plans;
  • Using information from the Land-use and Planning and the Socio-economic Assessments conduct a feasibility review for viable income generating activities (IGAs) for PAs and the communities in the PA buffer zones as well as the four cluster arears: Ngwempisi, Mkhaya, Lubombo and Malolotja;
  • Develop strategies for improved local communities and private land owners to support business planning and management process in existing PAs, informal PAs and new PAs, in both communal and privately-owned land, with financial streams for women and the youth.
  • Develop 18 business plans for the prioritized PAs, Informal PA, Community Conservancy and newly established PAs. The business plans should include; present situation; institutional environment; the planning process; service strategies; long-term financial planning; identification of new revenue generation opportunities and capacity development;
  • Develop a Sustainable Financial Score Card and management systems (with SMART indicators) to measure the sustainable gains for the country. 

The Consultant will convene at least two national stakeholder consultations that is the inception meeting/consultation within four (4) weeks from contract signature and the final draft report validation meeting.  



Core Competencies:

  • Demonstrates integrity by modelling the UN’s values and ethical standards.
  • Promotes the vision, mission, and strategic goals of UN.
  • Displays cultural, gender, religion, race, nationality and age sensitivity and adaptability.
  • Skills in facilitation and coordination, including high level government consultation, with strong communication and inter-personal skills.
  • Sound judgment and strong client and results orientation.
  • Treats all people fairly without favouritism.

Functional Competences:

  • Strong knowledge of Biodiversity Conservation and knowledge of the policy and institutional capacity for the PAs;
  • Strong knowledge of the Sustainable Utilization of Natural Resources and  approach to  Conservation Management


Required Skills and Experience


  • A postgraduate degree (preferably Masters or higher) in a subject related to economics, environmental economics, Natural resources Economics, Sustainable Development Financing, Development Studies or related discipline.


  • At least 10 years of experience working on management of natural resource/community and working on income generation interventions in developing countries will be an added advantage;
  • Of which more than 5 years’ experience with the development of sustainable financing mechanisms and business expertise, including experience preparing business plans for PAs and communities;
  • Working experience with national or regional institutions concerned with natural resource management and environmental protection is a plus;
  • Strong knowledge of actors and experience with Swaziland PAs, Tourism and Biodiversity sectors.
  • Advisory experience in PA management;
  • Demonstrated strong analytical, research, presentation, and report writing skills, and; Knowledge of Swaziland and Regional biodiversity conservation institutions would be an advantage.


  • Fluency in English and knowledge of Siswati will be an added advantage.

Qualified female candidates and those with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply.