Consultancy: Support to WASH Affordability Country Case Studies
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Background & Rationale
UNICEF and WHO established a Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in 1990. The JMP produces national, regional and global estimates of progress in drinking water and sanitation and was responsible for monitoring progress towards MDG target 7c. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets call for universal access to safe drinking, water and sanitation and hygiene by 2030. In July 2017 the JMP published baseline estimates for the new SDG targets and indicators relating to household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene. The use of water and sanitation ladders encouraged a focus on progressive realization of the human rights to water and sanitation and the targeting of populations with no service, in particular those practicing open defecation or using surface water for drinking water.
Affordability is explicitly part of the water target 6.1, and it is also considered implicit in the sanitation and hygiene target 6.2. To date, efforts to monitor WASH affordability globally have been limited, and hampered by lack of data. While the main data sources for monitoring affordability – income and expenditure surveys, and utility billing records – do contain information on water tariffs and sometimes wastewater payments, other types of WASH spending are either hidden in other broader categories, or excluded. Furthermore, the level of WASH service – whether judged according to the ‘basic’ or ‘safely managed’ standard – varies from household to household. Hence the efforts to measure affordability so far, such as in the JMP 2017 report, present an incomplete picture revealing also lack of international consensus in relation to affordability benchmarks.
With these points in mind and based on the human rights to drinking water and sanitation, the JMP embraced the initiative to develop and begin implementation of a vision for monitoring WASH affordability globally. Given the range of stakeholders with voice, the vision is being developed collaboratively through consensus building among members of an established high-level inter-institutional Committee. The solutions proposed should be actionable so that WASH affordability can be reported globally, with progressive improvements from the JMP 2019 report. A consultant has been contracted by UNICEF and has been tasked with the standardizing the data sets from Social Economic Surveys for six sample countries, thus enabling a common analysis across these countries. Additionally, a detailed methodology for assessing affordability has been developed by the JMP / GLAAS team, containing a range of indicators and assessment methodologies, and has been applied in one country as a test-case. The methodology is now ready for application (replication) across the remaining five countries.
The purpose of this consultancy is to support the implementation of the affordability methodology across five remaining case study countries.
The successful candidate will need to fully get up to speed on the affordability initiative (concept note and methodology note and related materials) and will be guided to implement the remaining five country case studies. The expenditure and other data from the Socio Economic Surveys will already be tabulated. What remains for the consultant to do is:
- Locate data for application of the other methodologies and indicators – via literature search and through contact with UNICEF country offices and other in-country partners.
- Calculate and tabulate the various indicators and interpret the results.
- Write up a report on each country (min. 10 pages, but length depends on number of indicators tabulated), integrating the findings from the different indicators to make overall conclusions on affordability and implications for global and national WASH affordability monitoring. The report uses a template that builds on the prior analyses done on the expenditure data from socio-economic surveys.
Duty Station :NYHQ (remote working with occasional visits to NY is possible)
Start date: 1 May 2019
End date: 30 June 2019
Key competences, technical background, and experience required Deadline
- Masters Degree in International Development, economics, social sciences and other related field
- A minimum of 5 years prior experience with water, sanitation and hygiene in developing country contexts
- Track record of writing high quality publications
- Economic data analysis and familiarity with Excel
- Fluent in English
Please indicate your ability, availability and daily/monthly rate (in US$) to undertake the terms of reference above (including travel and daily subsistence allowance, if applicable). Applications submitted without a daily/monthly rate will not be considered.
With the exception of the US Citizens, G4 Visa and Green Card holders, should the selected candidate and his/her household members reside in the United States under a different visa, the consultant and his/her household members are required to change their visa status to G4, and the consultant’s household members (spouse) will require an Employment Authorization Card (EAD) to be able to work, even if he/she was authorized to work under the visa held prior to switching to G4.
At the time the contract is awarded, the selected candidate must have in place current health insurance coverage.
Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process
For every Child, you demonstrate…
UNICEF’s core values of Commitment, Diversity and Integrity and core competencies in Communication, Working with People and Drive for Results. View our competency framework at : Here
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.
UNICEF has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UNICEF, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. UNICEF also adheres to strict child safeguarding principles. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks, and will be expected to adhere to these standards and principles.
Opening Date Wed Mar 27 2019 14:00:00 GMT+0100 (Central European Standard Time) Eastern Daylight Time
Closing Date Thu Apr 11 2019 05:55:00 GMT+0200 (Central European Summer Time)