Consultancy: Climate Resilience Water Safety Planning
The climate projections in Jordan show that by the end of the century, a rise in mean temperature is extremely likely with increases between 3 to 5 grades centigrade while rainfall projections show that the country will likely suffer from a significant variability in the next 30-years, with increased incidence of droughts and flash floods. These climatic hazards pose an additional stress to the already constrained and limited water resources available in the country. Increase temperature is directly associated to increased water demand while increased flooding episodes can increase epidemics of water-borne diseases.
The impact of the increased evaporation and decreased rainfall due to climate change will result in decreased availability of water due to lower recharge of surface water and groundwater reserves resulting in higher risk for consumption and use of unsafe (contaminated) water for drinking and other uses. Systematic changes in the mean of temperature and rainfall are projected to affect the most vulnerable locations with limited resilience and capacity to cope with these climatic changes. The change in long-term climatic patterns is likely to increase challenges for water security, making secure WASH services more difficult in areas already prone to periodic water scarcity, particularly for children.
In the face of such anticipated climate change impacts, there is a need to improve the climate resilience of water supply services to cater for extreme weather conditions, increasing resource stresses while ensuring sufficient water quality and quantity for all.
Water Safety Plans (WSP) which constitute a proactive and comprehensive risk assessment and risk management approach to ensure the safety and security of drinking water supplies, provide a valuable framework to address these issues. The principles and practices of water safety planning, and its implicit requirement that risks to drinking-water safety and security are identified, prioritized and managed before problems occur, makes it a valuable entry point to better handle the impacts of climate change in Jordan.
Wadi Heidan water supply scheme provides more than 100,000 customers with access to municipal water at household level in Madaba Governate through the services of Jordan Water Company /Miyahuna. Water is abstracted from a well field at the bottom of catchment area (Wadi Heidan Valley), is chlorinated and further elevated through Booster Pump Station, and water is distributed along the line to nearby villages before reaching two main water collection reservoirs. Water supply in Madaba depends solely on approximately 15 wells constructed along Wadi Heidan, during winter and due to the increasing severity of storm events, water intake stops for around 10 days with every storm (the different wells are affected for different durations), leaving the utility with the only option of receiving water from Amman compromising water shares from some parts of the capital but also affecting water shares for the population in Madaba. The water from the Wadi Heidan site is collected from the various wells, chlorinated, and distributed to the population of Madaba on an agreed schedule.
Support the Government of Jordan in the development and implementation of Climate Resilient Water Safety Plan (CRWSP) for Wadi Heidan in Madaba and to collect positive evidence from the previous work of Miyahuna with WSP on importance and relevance of implementing Water Safety Plans at technical (Operation and Maintenance) and financial levels.
DESCRIPTION OF ASSIGNMENT:
Planning for safe water supply in sufficient quantities in the long term is set in the context of growing external uncertainties arising from changes in the climate and environment. The WSP offers a framework to manage these risks by considering the implications of climate variability and change at various points in the WSP process.
UNICEF is collaborating with Jordan Water Company /Miyahuna who are managing water supply and distribution and sanitation services in the middle Governorates in Jordan since 1999 to implement Climate Resilient Water Safety Plan (CRWSP) in Wadi Heidan in Madaba. Miyahuna have implemented since 2006 the traditional WSP in three locations up to module 10 out of 11 across the board, the plans were limited to water resources and treatment facilities excluding the distribution networks due to lack of financial and technical capacities. Some of the corrective measures identified from the developed plans were taken into consideration and identified works were undertaken.
In the aspirations to implement CRWSP, it is expected that the consultant shall carry out the following tasks in coordination and collaboration with both Miyahuna and UNICEF Jordan Country Office:
- Conduct a pre/post WSP assessment to account for possible positive impacts of implementing safety plans at current Miyahuna locations where WSP has been implemented aiming to build an investment case to show the impact of implementing WSPs from previous experience, as an incentive to scale-up WSPs across all water systems in Jordan.
- Revise the Terms of Reference of existing Water Safety Planning Section in Quality, laboratories and water safety Department within Miyahuna to ensure accounting for all components and stages of properly implemented WSPs including the revision of the developed 5 year and 10 year plans.
- Support the development of Climate Resilient Water Safety Plan for the Wadi Heidan system in Madaba, this will require ensuring the following tasks:
- Collecting data on climate vulnerability assessments from the region and those specific to country at national and subnational levels.
- Facilitate CRWSP team building and ensure that the assembled team covers the required expertise, including: water supply system operators, manager and technical specialists, climatologist specialized in impacts and adaptation planning, hydrologist to advise on possible impacts on water resources, water quality specialist who can advise on health impacts of projected climate-related water quality changes, chemical and microbiological impacts, emergency planning or civil protection expert to advice on possible emergency response operatins, water resources specialist to advise on water resources development across sectors and strategic water supply planning.
- Support and coordinate the compilation of a complete, up-to-date and validated system description, which also accounts for possible climate-related impacts on water resources or the water supply system infrastructure. The system description shall include information that will support climate related hazard identification and risk assessment in accordance with WHO manual on climate resilient WSPs2.
- Reliability of source yields (considering seasonal variability and variability between years, for example due to droughts)
- Historical water quality data and relationship with source yields
- History and trends of extreme weather events (ex. Floods and droughts)
- Future climate projections that could impact the water supply
- Water quantity and quality implications of current and projected climatic conditions
- Potential new or alternative sources
- Trends in land use and population growth impacting water resources supply or demand
- Other water abstracters in the catchment and their patterns of abstraction under normal and drought conditions.
- Provide advice and support the WSP team in performing a systematic hazard analysis, which fully reflects the local context, while employing general checklists of hazards and hazardous events. This analysis should specifically address and analyze possible climate-induced hazards and hazardous events.
- Provide advice and assist the WSP team to identify, assess and validate the appropriateness and effectiveness of existing control measures in response to the identified hazardous events and hazards;
- The Consultant shall ensure that realistic improvement plan is developed, implemented (as possible), and upgraded periodically.
- The consultant shall support the WSP in developing a monitoring plan to verify the effectiveness of corrective measures and ensure they are aligned with health based targets.
- Guide the WSP team in establishing a step-wise improvement plan, which can be implemented realistically, and implementation improvements, which can be realized in the timeframe of the project.
- Assist the Miyahuna WSP department in developing management procedures (SOPs) and the development of supporting documents.
- Ensure systematic documentation of the outcomes of all above-mentioned WSP steps (as per tasks ii.-xi.)
- The consultant shall support WSP team with access to supporting information, including references to introduce the WSP team to key concepts in climate risk management and to broaden the teams’ understanding of climate change issues and the potential opportunities that water resources management and DRR may offer to support climate resilience in WSP process.
- Undertake and document an evaluation of the lessons learnt of the WSP process in Wadi Heidan, including “key moments” in the process, challenges faced and solutions found by the WSP team
The consultant shall be able to support around three main areas:
Activity 1) Build an investment case around previously implemented water safety plans of Miyahuna to highlight the positive impacts (financial and technical) of proper implementation of WSP up to consumer level.
Activity 2) Review the Terms of References of the existing Water Safety Planning Section in Quality, laboratories and Water safety Department within Miyahuna to set the basis for other WSP departments in other water utilities in addition to revision of 5 year and 10 year plans of the department.
Activity 3) provide technical support to implement the climate resilient WSP for Wadi Heidan system in Madaba.
Advanced university degree in one of the disciplines relevant to the following areas: Environmental Engineering, Environmental Science, Hydrogeology, Civil Engineering, Chemistry or Public Health. Other related fields like Mechanical Engineering, Geology, Economics, or any WASH linked/related discipline is possible, if work experience in WASH considered relevant.
10 years of progressively responsible professional work experience in the field of Water Safety Planning (WSP) in middle income countries with Climate Resilient at least 3 years’ experience in CRWSPs. Extensive experience in water network or/and water treatment operation, planning, maintenance and management on institutional or/and water network operator will be considered as a strong asset.
- Familiar with the current developments, research, best practices, climate resilient approaches and global approached in the field of Water Safety Planning.
- Team facilitation and team coordination skills for people with different backgrounds and priorities
- Solid understanding and experience in water supply networks and water treatment operation, systematic planning, maintenance and management.
- Field work experience and working experience in the region.
- Fluency in English.
- Fluency in Arabic language will be considered a strong asset.
Payment upon deliverables/milestones: UNICEF will only make milestone payment based on achievement of specific deliverables as listed on the table above. These payments should be stated in terms of percentage. Also, note that UNICEF does not make advance payment except under certain conditions in line with UNICEF Financial Rules and Regulations.
Qualified candidates are requested to submit:
- Cover letter/application for this consultancy.
- Financial quote as following: lump sum + daily rate (at 50% time occupation) per day for remote/home based work + daily rate (at 100% time occupation) per day for field based work/missions, including all Visa fees, travel, accommodation, local transportation, workplace, and other costs/expenses. Any costs/fees to be included in the given daily rates and the total lump sum –no additional costs/fees will be considered/paid.
- CV (with photo, birth date, gender, nationality, actual country and place of residence, etc.)
- Examples of previous, relevant work – to demonstrate experience in WSP and CRWSP as well as in water supply network and treatment planning, operation, maintenance and management as well as any other relevant/interesting work experience for the tasks/work of this consultancy.
- Proposed methodology/approach and workplan for the work/project.
- At least 2 Referees related to your work experience/former employments.
- P 11 form (which can be downloaded from our website at http://www.unicef.org/about/employ/index_53129.html ).
Late submissions, incomplete packets, or submissions with an incorrect email subject heading will not be considered.