Consultancy: Natural Resource Mapping

Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
Hargeisa, Somalia
Position Type: 
Organization Type: 
NGO/Civil Society
Experience Level: 
Mid-Level (5-7 Years)
Degree Required: 
Advanced Degree (Master's or JD)


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1. Consultancy assignment background


Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has been present in Somaliland since early 2006. Over these years, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has demonstrated a regional competence and expertise in working with displaced populations with programs in Food Security, Education, Water and Sanitation, Shelter, Information Counselling and Legal Assistance. Candle light on the other hand has been present on Somaliland since 1995 implementing activities in number of key pressing sectors in Somaliland including environmental restoration/protection, provision of primary education and skills training, humanitarian response during droughts and outbreaks and awareness creation on FGM and health issues.

In Somaliland, EU-DEVCO through Building Resilient Communities in Somalia/Somaliland (BRCiS) consortium has funded NRC and Candle light to implement a three-year resilience Project. The resilience program is intended to contribute to resilience of the target communities to shocks of drought, flood, conflict and diseases partly through natural resource planning, sustainable utilization and conservation.

Project location, length and starting date;

This is a three-year Project whose implementation started in November 2017 and will end in November 2020. The target locations for NRC are Baki district (Sabwanaag, Hamarta-Durdurcad, Old Baki and Calihayd Villages) and Burco districts (Nasiye, Dhoqosay, Waraaabeye and Haradagubataxil villages) While Candlelight implements the project in Burco district (Boodhleey and Qori-Lugud villages) and Gabiley district (Gogeysa village) and Sabowanag district (Balli Shire) and Odweyne (berato).

Rationale for the project

Somaliland has, in the past decades, experienced climate stresses ranging from intermittent recurrence droughts and floods as well as cyclones. The seasonal rains have trajectorially fallen short in an almost predictable pattern and interval of two to three years. This has resulted into death or decimation of livestock herds, total to near total crop failure plunging many families into impoverishment. According to SWALIM Drought Impact Needs Assessment, the 2016/2017 drought led to the death of almost 40% of the entire livestock population in Somalia.

Lack or poor development for the natural resources majorly- lands (farm and rangelands), water and forest resources and the constraints to improving livelihood and economic development for vast majority of pastoral and agro pastoral communities has been blamed for Somaliland’s vulnerability to agro-climatic shocks.

Furthermore, the pressures on natural resources are mounting due to increasing population, and urbanization that require food and products from the natural resources. That notwithstanding, the existing natural resources have great potential of meeting these needs if measures are put in place to ensure sustainable use and conservation. This consultancy therefore will aim to provide road map to sustainable natural resource use in Somaliland.

2. Objectives and scope of work

2.1 Objectives

The Project’s target locations are endowed with vast natural resource base including land for rangeland and farming, water and sparse forest/shrubs which support the pastoral and agro pastoral livelihoods in the areas.  The objective of the consultancy is to undertake a comprehensive Natural resource mapping in project areas in Somalia. This mapping exercise is required to be completed by December 2018 to allow for implementation of its findings starting January 2019.

NRC is seeking to engage a reputable firm or individual/s to undertake a border area natural resource mapping exercise around all target communities. The mapping will focus firstly on identification of the Natural resources in the target areas and their state at the time of the mapping, secondly establishing how close the gazetted national range reserves thirdly, extent of ecological damage to the identified natural resources, fourthly propose the most feasible and acceptable conservation and improvement measures that should be put in place to ensure enhanced productivity and sustained utilization of the identified natural resources and fifthly to propose and develop tools for monitoring improvement on the conservation

2.2 Scope of work

To achieve the above objectives NRC seeks the services of a consultant to carry out a natural resource mapping that generates baseline information on natural resource management status in the project areas as well as other relevant information to support sustainable utilization of the natural resource base by undertaking the following actions:

a) To review of existing materials, literature, data and knowledge covering both quantity and associated quality of Natural Resources of Somaliland. The review will also explore in details the resource conservation and management initiatives already employed by government, private sector and donor community.

b) Assess and produce a robust and evidence based mapping of the renewable natural resource; land (Arable and rangelands), water and of forest resource and potential for meeting demands for their use by targeted pastoral and agro pastoral communities. This can include an assessment of the spatial and temporal variability of range and forest vegetation, ground and surface water as well as farmland in terms of quantity and quality, including periods of stresses.

c) Explore and ascertain the available and gazetted national range reserves and potential of the project contributing to revamping of the conservation measures.

d) General assessment of the balance between available range, farmland, water and forest resources versus the demand for productive use e.g in irrigation/ livestock drinking, fodder/ pasture and crop production and considering topographical and available socioeconomic characteristics.

e) To identify major problems, challenges, threats to the identified farmland, range, water and forest resources and priority areas for improving these resources.

f) Provide an economic analysis of the different natural resource use and conservation techniques (e.g construction of earth dams, wells, concrete built dams, construction of soil conservation structures – gulleys, check dams, bands-trapezoidal, half-moon or line, rotational grazing and range grazing planning etc)

g) Provide an expert analysis of the most cost effective solution (including provision of cost estimates for such solutions) that can better support sustainable productive use of the farmland, range land and forest resources. A component of this should focus on long term solutions that enable better resilience and greater capacity -perhaps at governmental or community level – to withstand climatic shocks.

h) Incorporate aspirations of the Somaliland national development plan in sustainable natural resource management in the areas.

j) Assess viability of natural resource management cooperatives/groups in sustaining rangeland resources as a shared economic resource in within individual location and at cross-border level of the project area.

k) Disseminate the findings of the assessment to local stakeholders in Natural Resource Management value chain (authorities, traders and NGOs) through a workshop to be held in Hargeisa Somaliland.

3.0. Methodology for carrying out the task.

The consultant will be required to develop clear methodology and procedure to carry out the task. Such methodologies should clearly show how various activities of the mapping exercise will be carried out for expected output. The Consultant (s)/firm is/are expected to design most suitable data collection tools using relevant tool- including topography profiling, vegetation indexing tools and those for quantifying extent of degradation, ensuring inclusion of all the project actors in the natural resource mapping process. The methodology will be discussed with NRC and Candlelight to agree on most suitable approaches for the assessment in line with the project objectives.

The consultant(s) will examine all content of project proposal focusing on NRC for each result and output areas of the project and where necessary consult with consortium partners’ staff.

The consultant will make a presentation of the findings to inform any technical adjustments in the planned approach and activities for NRM. The purpose will be to enable the partners have opportunity to validate the contents of the report and any proposed modifications in line of with Natural Resource mapping and provide any necessary input before finalization. The work shop will be organized by NRC and Candlelight on a date to be defined.

Finalization of the mapping report; the consultant will incorporate the input from the partners to finalize the above document and present the final products to NRC for internal use and sharing with other consortium partners as well as government.

The consultant (s)/firm is expected to take all necessary steps to ensure that the security and dignity of the respondents and any persons participating in this assessment is not compromised and that disruption of their on-going activities is minimized. The role of NRC and consortium partners is to provide the Consultant (s) with all the necessary logistic support and documentation to facilitate the smooth Resource mapping process.

Major tasks and responsibilities

The consultant is expected to undertake the following tasks:

i. Develop and submit a proposal detailing research methodologies of the Natural Resource Mapping.

ii. A desk-review of relevant documents with focus to the logical framework and other relevant documents including Somaliland’s government policies on Natural resource management) prior to the implementation of the study.

iii. Provide an inception report detailing the understanding of the concept of the assignment.

iv. Develop the tools for the assessment in consultation with project staff

v. If need be, train research assistants/enumerators on data collection tools and undertake a pre-test of the questionnaire

vi. Carry out quality control of the data collected by trained enumerators to ensure accuracy and viability of the data before analysis.

vii. Prepare and discuss with the NRC and Candlelight (BRCiS-Consortium members) and relevant government agencies a draft report with sufficient details on findings and key recommendations for sustainable natural resource management measures for the target locations

viii. Make presentation of the study findings at the consortium partners’ workshop for validation of the findings from the study.

ix. Incorporate the comments from Consortium partners into the final report

x. Prepare and submit a final report of the study.

3. Institutional and organisational arrangements

NRC will host and manage the contract on behalf of the BRCiS consortium and Candlelight. NRC’s Program Manager- Resilience and Durable Solutions in liaison with representative from Candlelight will be responsible for the validation of all the deliverables while at the same time the hosting and management of the contract will be under NRC.  

NRC will own the intellectual property rights to all materials submitted by the consultants under the contract. The consultants must therefore ensure that they have possession of any materials provided to NRC as a part of the deliverable. The rights to reproduce the reports will fall to NRC and its contracted agents. NRC will be free to reproduce the materials at will and to grant reproduction rights.

Duties of the consultant

Reports should be submitted in Microsoft Word format, in UK English [amend as appropriate]. All text should be unformatted. Graphs or other graphical devices should be editable (i.e. not pictures). All references must be cited according to convention, and detailed in a bibliography, using the Harvard system as set out in the UNESCO Style Manual. All verbatim quotations must appear in quotation marks, and must not be of excessive length. All data collected under the consultancy must be submitted with the deliverables, in a widely recognised format such as Microsoft Excel.

Everything submitted to NRC must be the original work of the consultants. Any plagiarism in any form, or any other breach of intellectual property rights, will automatically disqualify the consultant from receiving any further payments under the contract by NRC, and NRC will seek to recover any payments already made.

The consultant will follow Ethical Research Involving Children guidance on the ethical participation of children. In addition, all participants in any study or other interaction will be fully informed about the nature and purpose of the interaction and their requested involvement. Informed consent must be obtained for any photographs, audio or video recordings, etc., in accordance with NRC’s policy on consent.

Duties of NRC

i) While undertaking this assignment, NRC will meet cost of visa processing, flight to Hargeisa, transfer costs, local transport in project sites in Somaliland, meals and accommodation and security limited to securing the armed guards to accompany the consultant and NRC staff to field as required by the NRC regulations

ii) NRC will also provide the project documents as may be needed by the consultancy for purposes of review.

iii) However, the Consultant will be responsible for their own Insurance during the subsistence of the contract and NRC will not be responsible for any injuries or damages incurred during the assignment. The contractor will also meet their own telephone costs. Therefore, the costs submitted must be inclusive of all anticipated expenses.

4. Implementation schedule and estimated inputs

As with the schedule of deliverables, this needs to be realistic. Include key activities and milestones, and show dependencies between activities (e.g. if X cannot happen until Y has happened, make this clear). State the date on which the consultants are expected to start the services. Note that this may be adjusted in the final agreement annex 2 that is developed later.


  1. Signing of the contract. By week 1 December 2018
  2. Inception report. 2 days .20% on submission of inception report endorsed by NRC
  3. Development of tools/ for data collection, review by NRC and Candlelight and approval. 5 days
  4. Field data collection. 10 days
  5. Draft report Production. 7 days. 30% on submission of the draft report and NRC/Candlelight reviewed.
  6. Incorporation of the comments from NRC and Candle light. 2 days
  7. Workshop for presentation of the findings- Mapping exercise. 1 day
  8. Final report Delivered in NRC format. 5 days. 50% on submission of the final report endorsed by the SAG

5. Qualifications of the consulting company

Experience and qualifications

NRC seeks to invite qualified consultants/firms who meet the following requirements to submit their detailed proposal on how to undertake the assignment. If application is by a firm then, consulting firm must be registered by the relevant authorities existing in their country of origin. (Proof required), have at least five years of undertaking similar works in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands among agro pastoralist and or Pastoralist in the Horn of Africa pref5erably in Somalia, provide the Curriculum vitae of the technical team who will be undertaking these works.

Individuals applying for this assignment or from the applying firm must Advance university degree ( Or equivalent) from a recognized institution in one of the following fields: Natural Resource Management, Environmental Management, Forestry, Climate Change and Adaptation, Ecology or Natural Resource Economics.

Min Experience:

Extensive experience (a minimum of 5 years) in analyzing natural resource management and development, (5) years’ working experience in the Somalia and ASALs in the horn of Africa countries and a background in GIS, mapping and remote sensing, integrated land use assessment design, planning and competence in land use information system management and have confirmed experience in economic analysis of natural resource economic analysis and development cost estimation. Must be proficient in preparation of detailed design reports.

Application Process

The firm or individuals interested in this assignment to submit a detailed, technical and financial proposal on how they are going to undertake the assignment in line with the deliverables as stipulated in the TORs, Pre- set-up fees, professional fees, subsistence cost report costs.

Please note all costs must be broken down into details (no lump sums, no contingencies etc.) and the quoted prices should have a validity period not less than 8 months and not exceeding 12 months.

All applications to be sent before 28th November 2018 at 4:pm to this Email:  ; Send queries to this email: