PhD: How does adaptation to climate change for urban WaSH systems affect lived experiences of water security? via EURAXESS

University of East Anglia

Norwich, UK 🇬🇧

OFFER DESCRIPTION

Background  

For many people, climate change in the 2020s is being experienced through changes to global and local water cycles and increased pressure on water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) systems. The water sector is therefore key to climate change adaptation. However, adaptation policies often focus on infrastructural measures to improve water supply and rarely address the complex socio-economic reasons for insecure WaSH access. While access alone does not ensure resilience to climate change, those without it will struggle to cope.  

As the global urban population rises, understanding how adaptations to urban WaSH are being designed, implemented, and scaled-up in the 2020s is required, through real time evidence on whether and how well these are helping people cope with climate change. Particular attention is needed to what types of WaSH system changes are currently being envisaged and implemented as adaptation, how well they respond to climate change impacts felt by users from different socio-economic strata, and their implications, for example in terms of participation and sustainable resourcing. 

Research methodology  

Mixed methodology approach drawing on contemporary secondary data and generating real time primary data on climate impacts and adaptation responses.  Secondary data will be drawn from academic and institutional sources focusing on (inter)national climate data, policies and strategies relevant to the 2020s. Primary data will employ household surveys, stakeholder interviews/focus groups, photovoice, and ethnographic techniques in a case study country over 12 months, and comparative analysis of current cross-cultural datasets in collaboration with the Global Ethnohydrology Study at Arizona State University. The project will produce participatory audio-visual and artistic materials that portray local experiences and expectations of adaptation to climate change through WaSH to complement and enrich policy narratives.    

Training  

Policy analysis and evidence synthesis, qualitative and quantitative field data collection, comparative analysis of cross-cultural ethnographic data to generate scalable findings, communication of data in non-traditional formats. Application to the US Summer Institute for Cross-Cultural Anthropological Research will be encouraged.  

Person specification  

Essential: undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in geography, anthropology, development studies or close fields.  

Desirable: experience in water issues, research and/or development work; second language(s). 

Funding 

Successful candidates will be awarded a 4-year studentship covering tuition fees, a maintenance stipend (£15,609 per year in 2021/22) and funds to support the research project and associated training. Additional funds are not available to assist with relocation or visa costs. 

We anticipate that up to two awards will be made to international students for October 2022 entry. 

Part-time studentship awards are subject to approval by the Leverhulme Trust. 

For more information about the ‘Critical Decade’ programme click here

This project has been selected for the Critical Decade for Climate Change programme, funded by the Leverhulme Trust. Shortlisted applicants will be invited to an online interview, to be held late February/early March 2022.  

Eligibility criteria

Acceptable first degree subject(s): Geography, anthropology, development studies 

Additional comments

Dazé, A., Ceinos, A., Deering. K., 2019. Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) Handbook. Informing Community-based Adaptation, Resilience and Gender Equality. CVCA Handbook Version 2.0: CARE International Climate Change and Resilience Platform (CCRP). 

Geere, J.L., Cortobius, M., Geere, J.H., Hammer, C., Hunter, P.R., 2018. Is water carriage associated with the water carrier’s health?  A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence. BMJ Global Health. 3:e000764. 

Howard, G., Bartam, J,, Williams, A., Overbo, A., Fuente, D., Geere J., 2020. Domestic Water Quantity, Service Level and Health. Second edition. Geneva: World Health Organization. 

Jepson, W., Budds, J., Eichelberger, L., Harris, L., Norman, E., O’Reilly, K., Pearson, A., Shah, S., Shinn, J., Staddon, C., Stoler, J., Wutich, A. & Young, S., 2017. Advancing human capabilities for water security: A relational approach. Water Security 1(1): 46-52. 

Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), 2021. Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000-2020: five years into the SDGs. World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF): Geneva. 

Tschakert, P, Dietrich, K., 2010. Anticipatory learning for climate change adaptation and resilience. Ecology and Society, 15(2): 11.   

Wutich, A., Brewis, A., 2019. Data collection in cross-cultural ethnographic research. Field Methods 31(2): 181-189. 


POSITION TYPE

ORGANIZATION TYPE

EXPERIENCE-LEVEL

DEGREE REQUIRED