CWIS and Integrated Municipal Information System

Asian Development Bank (ADB)


Objective and Purpose of the Assignment

1. The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will strengthen the design and implementation of country- and/or city-wide inclusive sanitation (CWIS) solutions in developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The TA will provide targeted support to facilitate investments in CWIS with the aim of increasing access to adequate and inclusive sanitation systems – whether sewered or non- sewered, centralized or decentralized –where human waste is safely managed along the whole sanitation service chain. The TA is in line with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2 of achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation solutions with special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. 2. To achieve the SDG 6.2 targets, it is necessary to adopt new approaches and to apply alternative sanitation concepts. The CWIS approach aims to provide equitable and inclusive sanitation services that address the realities found in developing countries. CWIS implies the following principles: (i) everyone, including people living in unserved, low-income, and vulnerable communities, benefits from equitable and safe sanitation service delivery outcomes; (ii) gender and social equity are included in planning, management, and monitoring; (iii) human wastes are safely managed along the whole sanitation service chain (capture, containment, emptying, transport, treatment, and safe reuse or disposal); (iv) authorities operate with a clear, inclusive mandate, performance targets, resources, and accountability; (v) a diversity of technical solutions is embraced for adaptive, mixed, and incremental approaches that include sewered and non-sewered sanitation solutions; (vi) comprehensive long-term planning fosters demand for innovation and is informed by analysis of needs and resources; (vii) political will and accountability systems provide incentives for service improvements in planning, capacity, and leadership; and (viii) resource recovery and reuse of water, energy, and nutrients are considered (circular economy approach). The TA will help ADB to increase its efforts to facilitate communication and knowledge sharing of the CWIS concept among stakeholders. 3. There is a need to accelerate mainstreaming of CWIS approach in DMCs through (i) developing holistic, integrated planning and design approaches that consider both sewered and non-sewered sanitation solutions; (ii) assessing and developing institutional arrangements to delineate responsibilities and ensure ownership and leadership of the government, and develop regulations, policies, and standards that address current and emerging trends, and their enforcement; (iii) determining optimal technical designs utilizing appropriate innovative technologies, resource recovery, and information technology applications; (iv) promoting knowledge sharing with development partners or leading knowledge platforms; (v) promoting private sector participation in service delivery; (vi) increasing awareness about the negative impacts of insufficient sanitation services through strategic communication campaigns; and (vii) building awareness at all levels to strengthen the profile of proper sanitation services. 4. Many DMCs struggle to initiate an equitable, inclusive and sustainable sanitation planning due to lack of data/ information, lack of credible/ reliable/ standardized data/ information, lack of democratized access to data/ information or inability to process available information to guide investment planning. The Integrated municipal information system (IMIS) is proven to be a powerful system that facilitates efficient and effective planning, management, and monitoring & evaluation of sanitation systems and service delivery in line with the sanitation value chain. IMIS is also recognized as a pathway to catalyse CWIS approach and outcomes with a special thrust on pro-poor, gender intentional and socially inclusive outcomes. IMIS is a convergence of web, mobile, and GIS technologies based on state-of-the-art open-source software. Several cities have adopted IMIS in their planning which has advanced well-structured and appropriate inclusive sanitation plans. Mainstreaming IMIS in the planning, management and M&E processes of a city will facilitate putting in place CWIS plans faster which could then translate to achieving better results towards meeting SDG 6.2 targets.

Scope of Work

5. The advisor will render strategic guidance to retrofit/ mainstream CWIS approaches and corresponding IMIS in the projects supported by the Sanitation Financing Partnership Trust Fund (SFPTF) and KSTA: 9897. The assignment is expected to take 2 person-months, spread over 6 months. Specifically, the project advisor will initiate, support, and accomplish the shaping of investments, which are guided by CWIS approach and the integration of IMIS, supported by the KSTA. The advisor will also guide the end to end strategic implementation process which will include but not limited to development of ToR, hiring of experts, oversee, monitor and evaluate the implementation of the projects. In this direction, she/he will work with the other experts engaged through the KSTA. 6. One of the critical components of the scope is to identify the list of data optimally required to plan and design the most suitable and competent CWIS guided sanitation system solution, manage the functioning of the system efficiently and sustainably and, identify/ define & track the indicators of performance both from compliance and feedback mechanism perspective. The advisor will promote process innovation while planning, designing and most importantly the implementation of the system that will leverage the available limited financial and human resources effectively and efficiently. The advisor will provide strategic guidance to harvest the knowledge along the course of the engagement to develop tools, guidelines and system change instruments/ guidance notes for use within ADB and the sector at large.

Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output

7. The advisor will perform the following detailed tasks: a. Review the current ADB sanitation portfolio, with particular focus to projects adopting the CWIS principles and identify projects that will benefit immensely with the retrofitting/ mainstreaming of the CWIS approach towards the attainment of outcomes. Based on this review, develop a simple evaluation on the readiness of these projects to incorporate IMIS b. Integrate Indicators to reinforce pro-poor, gender intentional & gender transformative, and socially inclusive outcomes c. Identify possible application of IMIS in ADB sanitation projects and identify projects that could be prioritized for IMIS application d. Guidance on/ and draft of policy and institutional reforms to promote CWIS and IMIS implementation and sustainability e. Organize knowledge sharing events on the topic of digital sanitation solutions, and in particular, promote IMIS application in ADB sanitation projects f. Liaise with project officers to promote IMIS application and develop a workplan on how to incorporate the same g. Support the application of the IMIS component in investment projects which can include the following: i. Definition of the scope of work of the IMIS team to work in investment projects ii. Identification and sourcing of experts to support specific investments with IMIS components iii. Oversee the implementation of the IMIS component by providing expert advise to the project team iv. Review the reports of the IMIS experts to ensure alignment with ADB objective of mainstreaming CWIS v. Provide expert advice on improving project design based on IMIS results h. Lead the promotion of awareness-raising for digital tools in sanitation, including IMIS and other relevant tools i. Recommend ways to better incorporate digital tools in project design and development j. Provide regular updates to the KSTA team and SDSC-WAT on the progress of mainstreaming CWIS, IMIS and digital tools in sanitation. k. As necessary, act as resource expert to ADB-supported knowledge sharing events to promote ADB’s sanitation initiatives and IMIS l. As necessary, provide support to other activities of the KSTA and the Water Sector Group, as may be needed, from time to time. Deliverables 1. Workplan and proposed methodology (2 weeks after NTP) 2. Inception report which includes proposed inclusivity indicators and possible application of IMIS in ADB operations/projects (6 weeks after NTP) 3. Mid-term report including progress on mainstreaming IMIS in ADB operations (4 months after NTP) 4. Final report on progress of mainstreaming IMIS in ADB operations and recommendations and Learning session to present final report (8 months after NTP)

Minimum Qualification Requirements

8. Minimum of 15 years of international work experience on developing and implementing sanitation projects conducted in multiple countries that are ADB developing member countries. The work experience has to cover various facet of sanitation projects, including financial, technical, institutional and governance aspects, operation and maintenance of assets, sustainability and stakeholder management. Similarly, it has to cover various stages of a project’s life cycle, covering development, implementation and sustainability. 9. Significant work experience in policy and institutional analysis, program design and program management for sanitation projects with a particular focus on pro-poor, gender and inclusive approaches. 10. Significant experience in project design and development, impact assessment as well as performance monitoring against the given project outcomes, outputs and performance indicators. 11. Significant work experience on developing and implementing CWIS projects. The specialist should be familiar with the Core CWIS Functions and Outcomes and should have proven experience how they can be translated into sanitation projects. 12. Work experience with multilateral financing institutions is an advantage. Strong knowledge of the main stages of project processing procedures including the project programming, economic, financial, and commercial viability of projects, the legal and regulatory framework, and any social and environmental safeguards. 13. Significant experience in developing and implementing IMIS components of sanitation projects, particularly in ADB DMCs. 14. Strong written and oral communication skills and proven effective client management, experience in leading a multi-disciplinary team and should be able to coordinate with and synthesize outputs from various subject experts. 15. Minimum of a Master’s degree in international development, sanitary or environmental engineering or related fields of specialization. Alternatively, university degrees in related fields combined with additional relevant professional experience can be considered. 16. Have the ability to work productively in a team, with counterparts and wider project stakeholders.