Result of Service
- A consultancy workplan is delivered one week after the appointment.
- A draft outlook of the assessment of impact of oil spill is prepared covering the damages and losses incurred by coral and mangrove ecosystem services, the methodology/model to be used, with a strong emphasis on the economic costs, is prepared and submitted to ECA three weeks after the appointment.
- A draft outlook of coral and mangrove restoration/rehabilitation strategy covering effective ways to accrue payments from carbon emission sequestered/mitigated by the restored/rehabilitated mangrove forests, including through REDD+, using voluntary and other mechanisms is prepared six weeks after the signing of the contract. The outlook will also include effective ways for accruing other payments from services rendered by the restored coral reefs and mangrove ecosystems. Included will be services rendered to fisheries, tourism, water quality/water utility, and coastal protection. It will recommend a list of approached for reallocating or re-investing such payments. Furthermore, it will outline how to use stimulus plans, green/blue bonds, debt swap and national biodiversity funds in the strategic emergency response to threats on coral and mangroves beyond oil spill. It will propose ways to consider the investments for restoration/rehabilitation or corals and mangrove as contributing towards national policies and efforts aimed at addressing environmental changes including climate adaptation and mitigation, and biodiversity conservation, and highlighting approaches for building synergies between those policies and mangrove and coral restoration strategies, the latter being considered as part of climate-resilient blue economy policy development.
- A draft strategy of coral and mangrove restoration/rehabilitation highlighted under pint 3 is prepared two months after the signing of the contract.
- A workshop/training is designed and delivered to the local government officials from forestry and other relevant departments/ministries on effective ways to accrue payments from carbon emission sequestered/mitigated by the restored/rehabilitated and other mangrove forests, including through REDD+, using voluntary and other mechanisms, two moths plus 1 week after the signing of the contract.
- The final report of approximately 80-100 pages (of the draft indicated in point 3 under deliverables) and a coral and mangrove restoration strategy including all the additional comments made by the government of Mauritius and ECA is presented to ECA three months after the appointment.
All the deliverables, including annexes, notes and reports should be submitted in English. Upon receipt of the deliverables and prior to the payment of the first installment, the deliverables and related reports and documents will be reviewed and approved by ECA. The period of review is one week after receipt.
The consultant will work 60 working days. The contract will span over a period of three months, starting from Mid-October January 2021 till end of Mid-January 2022.
Duties and Responsibilities
The Technology, Climate Change and Natural Resources Management Division (TCND) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) is providing technical and substantive supports (intervention) to the Government of Mauritius to improve its local institutional capacity to (a) implement its National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Action Plan, and (b) recover its blue/ocean economy (mainly fisheries and tourism) from the recent marine oil spill that historically has been the worst, and categorized as national emergency. Briefly, the oil spilled was about 841 tons. It has affected about 30 km of coastline including mangroves areas, coral reefs, mudflats, fisheries, other ecosystems’ services, 48, 000 inhabitants and over 12 villages; resulting in considerable social and economic costs. It has also caused other effects on the blue economy that are not yet costed. This intervention is an integral part of the overall work of TCND also referred to as ECA’s Sub-Programme 5, approved by the UNGA in September 2020 for the next two years. It will contribute to ECA’s support to Mauritius, an African SID, and Member State, that is highly vulnerable to natural disasters (mainly meteorological (mainly storms), hydrological (mainly floods), climatological), and technological (mainly oil spill and other human-induced ocean acidifications).
The main objective of the intervention is to strengthen ECA’s accountability to national, regional and global development partners, including the government of Mauritius, AU, RECs, United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and the UNGA to improve its delivery on some of its core areas of actions, think tank, policy advocacy, capacity building through technical cooperation and consensus building on the important matters concerning sustainable development in Africa.
The specific objectives of the evaluation are to:
• Review/evaluate the damages, losses, and impact caused by the recent oil spills on coral and mangroves.
• Develop a strategy for coral and mangrove rehabilitation/restoration aimed at a), re-establishing the provisioning services functions of reefs and mangrove ecosystems. Included among such services are habitats for different lives including wild life, coastal protection, mitigation of climate change, support to fisheries productivity, purification of water, conservation of landscape, and archeological heritage, and contribution to clean air, b) outlining ways to mobilize innovative funds from such services, and using part of the funds to refinance the restoration and rehabilitation process and support the local ecosystem-dependent communities, among other important things, b) proposing ways to consider the investments for restoration/rehabilitation or corals and mangrove as contributing towards national policies and efforts aimed at addressing environmental changes including climate adaptation and mitigation, and biodiversity conservation, and highlighting approaches for building synergies between those policies and mangrove and coral restoration strategies, the latter being considered as part of climate-resilient blue economy policy development.
In support of this work, TCND is seeking the services of a suitable international expert, to develop a strategy for an effective restoration/rehabilitation of the ecosystems (specifically, coral reefs and mangrove), related services and or functions that have been affected by the oil spill. The strategy will be developed using national data and other relevant input from reliable sources. It will inform ECA’s recommendations to the government of Mauritius to build disasters-resilient, ecosystems, and dependent societies and economies. The envisaged assessment (review) shall be rigorous, i.e. making factual claims that are backed up by authoritative sources both in the substance and methodology. Its language, tone, style and messaging shall be accessible to the wider community of policy practitioners.
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Under the Supervision of the Director of TCND the Consultant will assume the following responsibilities:
The intervention aims to cover the following aspects.
- Review/assess the damages, and preferably, losses and impact of oil spill on coral and mangrove ecosystems.
- Assess coral and mangrove population distribution patterns and dynamics, and forecasts on indicators such as carrying capacity, and density. Include in the population, especially for mangrove, vegetation profile, vegetation succession, and density, using GIS, and other relevant data.
- Identify the types of oil and extent of contamination that have affected both coral and mangrove ecosystems.
- Identify the most effective recovery/rehabilitation methods for mangrove and corals in Mauritius.
- Develop a strategy for mangrove and coral restoration moving beyond the conventional small-scale project/programme approaches.
- Develop recommendations for integrating mangrove and coral restoration into the national biodiversity strategy and action plans.
- Propose a series of financial tools to sustain the restored/rehabilitated corals and mangroves, and improve, recognize, and value, the related contribution towards the national biodiversity and objectives. Among the tools are investments in protected areas including in marine protected areas, tradable carbon credits from mitigation services rendered by mangrove, taxes from tourism, fisheries, water utility, etc. Include these tools in the proposed strategy.
- Survey all the ongoing and past research and other small-scale projects on coral reef and mangrove restoration in public and other research and development entities in Mauritius, identify their market potentials and gaps, and propose effective approaches for bringing them up to commercial scale, and integrating them for effective use within the proposed coral and mangrove ecosystems restoration/rehabilitation strategy.
- Design a deliver a workshop to the local government officials from forestry and other relevant departments/ministries on best ways to optimizing payments from carbon emission sequestered/mitigated by the restored/rehabilitated and other mangrove forests, including through REDD+, using voluntary and other mechanisms.
Competency: Strong analytical skills, including in disaster risks analyses and management, marine ecology, marine policy, environmental engineering, environmental sciences, environmental economics, macroeconomic modelling, statistical modelling and forecasting in relation to oil spills and/or chemical pollutions.
Strong ability to quickly assess various data with a high level of precision and quality.
Mastery of new technology and related applications in communication to the wider public.
Familiarity with the principles of confidentiality and ethical code of conducts during the exercise.
Ability to work under pressure.
Ability to complete the required tasks timely.
Familiarity with UN work ethics.
Ability to work in multicultural and multidisciplinary settings.
High sense of professionalism, diplomacy, tact and civility.
Skills: Excellent communication skills and capabilities are required.
Academic Qualifications: An advanced university degree (Masters’ degree, or preferably PhD) with a specialization in marine ecology, marine policy, ecosystem rehabilitation, environmental economics, economics of natural disasters, or other relevant fields is required.
Experience: Nine (9) years or more of relevant national/international experience in the evaluation of the risks of natural disaster in relation to oil spill, chemicals, or other relevant fields are required. A track record of publication in peer reviewed journals, contribution to intergovernmental reports relating to natural disasters, and sound intellectual leadership in areas relevant to the evaluation is required. Contribution to international debates relating to sustainable development, disaster risks management, and development planning is required. Experience of working in Africa and knowledge of Mauritius and other SIDS is desirable.
Language: English and French are the working languages of the United Nations Secretariat. For this consultancy, Fluency in English in writing and speaking is required. Fluency in French is an asset.
The consultant is expected to travel during the assignment to Port Louis and three other affected cities. All travels costs associated with this consultancy will be covered separately by ECA according to prevailing UN rules and regulations. Estimates are in a separate file.
Travel –APPLICABLE, Travel is applicable subject to lifting/relaxing of the limitations/conditions imposed by the COVID-19 by UN and in regards to COVID-19 spread prevention announcement by the Government of the Mauritius requiring incoming travelers to Mauritius one affected State for a 7 days’ self-quarantine in designated hotel.
THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CHARGE A FEE AT ANY STAGE OF THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS (APPLICATION, INTERVIEW MEETING, PROCESSING, OR TRAINING). THE UNITED NATIONS DOES NOT CONCERN ITSELF WITH INFORMATION ON APPLICANTS’ BANK ACCOUNTS.