Expertise: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Expertise Group: Engineering
Consultant Source: International
Objective and Purpose of the Assignment
Nepal’s Fifteenth Plan (2020-2024) describes the government’s objectives in the water and sanitation
sector as (i) improving the status of public health by providing sufficient, safe, equitable, and easily-
accessible drinking-water and sanitation services; (ii) Keeping the environment clean by expanding the
reach of the basic level of sanitation facilities to the entire population and managing human wastes and
sewage properly; (iii) ensuring climate change-resilient and disaster management-friendly drinking-water
and sanitation services; and (iv) bolstering the capabilities of the federal, provincial, and local
levels by increasing their roles in sustainable drinking-water and sanitation service delivery.
The proposed Integrated Water Supply and Sewerage Management Project (IWSSMP), for approval in 2023
(firm), will leverage from ADB’s ongoing support to Nepal to realize its goals as outlined in the
Fifteenth Plan. The government has requested ADB support to improve urban services in 5 municipalities,
the final list of which will be confirmed through further due diligence activities. The implementing
agency for the proposed project, the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage Management (DWSSM), is in
the process of recruiting 2 consulting firms that will undertake detailed engineering design (DED) and
due diligence for the proposed project.
Beyond infrastructure design and due diligence, the incorporation of WASH+H elements will enhance the
overall achievement of IWSSMP project outcomes, particularly with respect to improved public health. To
design effective and sustainable interventions, baseline assessments are necessary to provide insight on
existing gaps, behaviors and cultural norms, and to inform the planning and institutional arrangements
for proposed interventions. 4 consultants (1 international and 3 national, 2 of whom will be focused on
conducting household surveys) are expected to be recruited to work closely with DWSSM. The international
WASH consultant’s scope of work is described below.
Scope of Work
The scope of work shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
- Provide guidance and support to national consultants, including the review of national consultant
outputs, for the following:
(i) Design, plan and oversee WASH+H baseline surveys (tentatively expected to cover at least 200
households in representative samples of the populations in each of the long-list 12 subproject towns )
in households and schools using surveys, focus group discussions & interviews in sub-project locations,
incorporating WASH+H, menstrual hygiene management (MHM), COVID-19 IPC and socio-economic elements. All
data collected will be sex-disaggregated. Survey design will propose data collection tools including key
questions, sampling strategy and plan for data analysis. Data will also be collected to facilitate the
calculation of potential climate change mitigation benefits through the project (e.g. in relation to
household water boiling practices and on-site sanitation) and the inclusion climate change adaptation
elements in the project (e.g. knowledge in the community on climate change impacts). Propose the
purchase of goods and supplies for awareness raising and behavior change campaign materials (e.g., soap,
hand sanitizer) to be distributed in relation to the surveys.
(ii) Consolidate data and survey results, ensuring it can inform and supplement outputs being produced
by the detailed engineering design consultants, and for sharing at dedicated knowledge sharing events.
(iii) Provide inputs to the strategic procurement plan for the project in relation to WASH+H
interventions. This may involve (for example) assessing the availability of skills, materials,
resources, firms, individuals and NGOs in local markets which may contribute to the project, and
institutional arrangements and capacity to deliver WASH+H interventions through the project.
(iv) Using outputs from the above assessments, design gender-sensitive WASH+H interventions to be
pursued under IWSSMP. The interventions will likely cover only the final 5 towns selected for project
(v) Support to recruitment and procurement of services in relation to WASH+H interventions.
(vi) Provide guidance and ad-hoc support related to health standards and infection control in workplaces.
- Support knowledge sharing sessions on outcomes of assessments with Government and other stakeholders.
- Prepare 2-3 knowledge products (eg. brochures, videos, etc.). Tentative topics include
guidelines/templates for (i) technical regulation; (ii) customer service regulation; (iii) financial
regulation; (iv) administrative and legal affairs; and (v) asset and inventory management. Other topics
include findings from baseline assessments, and guidelines or SOPs on infection control in workplaces.
- Ensure gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) aspects are considered in all approaches and
The consultant will report to DWSSM Project Director and Focal Person of ADB.
The assignment is expected to be conducted remotely from the consultant’s home office.
With particular reference to coronavirus disease (COVID-19), any need for international and/or national
travel shall be assessed by ADB and the Consultant using ADB’s advice at the time of travel. Subject to
ADB’s approval, the Consultant may use remote video technology meetings to replace face to face meetings
as considered necessary.
Detailed Tasks and/or Expected Output
Minimum Qualification Requirements
• Bachelor’s degree in engineering, public health or a related discipline
• At least 10 years’ experience in WASH+H
• Demonstrated experience in capacity development, designing and leading household surveys and
interpretation of WASH+H data, and design of WASH+H interventions.
• Experience working in South Asia
Minimum General Experience: 10 Years
Minimum Specific Experience (relevant to assignment): 10 Years